nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2011‒04‒02
six papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Nicosia-Concerted Retailing and Tourism Strategies to Awaken a Neglekted and Sleeping Beauty By Kaufmann, Rudi; Gronau, Werner; Sakkadas, Savvas
  2. Local Residents’ Preferences for Second Home Tourism Development Policies: A Choice Experiment nalysis By Asgary , Ali; Rezvani, Mohammad Reza; Mehregan , Nader
  3. World Heritage: Where Are We? An Empirical Analysis By Bruno S. Frey; Paolo Pamini
  4. Dollarization in Cambodia: Causes and Policy Implications By Nombulelo Duma
  5. Economic Valuation of Conserving Endangered Species and Their Habitats in the North West Panay Peninsula, Central Philippines By Rodelio Subade; Evelyn Jugado
  6. Travel and activity time allocation: An empirical comparison between eight cities in Europe By Charles Raux; Tai-Yu Ma; Iragaël Joly; Vincent Kaufmann; Eric Cornelis; Nicolas Ovtracht

  1. By: Kaufmann, Rudi; Gronau, Werner; Sakkadas, Savvas
    Abstract: Nicosia, the last divided European city, is only able to skim a small portion of the tourist purchasing power compared to the other tourism strongholds of the island and, at the same time, does not utilize the existing cultural potential in an efficient way. Therefore, this paper aims to contribute to the valorisation of the existing potential in a customer oriented manner. Concerted international (UN Nicosia Master Plan) and national (Strategic Plan 2010) strategies reflect the intended revival endeavours. For this new orientation to be successful the paper hypothesizes an effective interplay between tourism and retailing to happen and, for this reason, analyses the motives and satisfaction levels of tourists to Nicosia with regards to both, tourism and retailing offers. The paper focuses on the tourist segment with higher educational levels (and implicitly higher financial potential) as the communication objectives foresee to position the island mainly in the mind of this segment. The paper concludes, in line with recent developments with regard to tourist consumer profiles, that the concept of authenticity plays an increasing role when explaining the satisfaction levels of this specific segment and provides practical recommendations.
    Keywords: Retail; Tourism; Culture; Authenticty; Nicosia; Cyprus
    JEL: O1 M1 L83
    Date: 2011–04–04
  2. By: Asgary , Ali; Rezvani, Mohammad Reza; Mehregan , Nader
    Abstract: This paper is concerned with the preferences of the rural residents living in areas subject to rapid second home tourism development in Iran. Since second home development could have positive and negative social, cultural, economical and environmental impacts for local residents, planning policies should take into consideration public opinions and preferences for future planning and developments. Using a choice experiment method, we attempt to estimate the values that the rural households in Tehran province would place on different impacts of second home development policies.
    Keywords: second home; tourism; choice experiment method; Tehran
    JEL: O1 M1 L83
    Date: 2011–04–15
  3. By: Bruno S. Frey; Paolo Pamini
    Abstract: A statistical analysis of the UNESCO World Heritage List is presented. The World Heritage Convention intends to protect global heritage of outstanding value to mankind, but there has been great concern about the missing representativity of the member countries. There is a strongly biased distribution of Sites according to a country’s population, area or per capita income. The paper reveals the facts but refrains from judging whether the existing distribution is appropriate or not. This task must be left to the discussion in the World Heritage Convention.
    Keywords: global public goods; world heritage; international organizations; international political economy; culture; UNESCO
    JEL: Z11 F5 H87
    Date: 2011–03
  4. By: Nombulelo Duma
    Abstract: Over the past decade, Cambodia has become Asia’s most dollarized economy. In contrast, dollarization in neighboring Lao P.D.R., Mongolia, and Vietnam has been either declining or broadly stable. Somewhat paradoxically, growing dollarization in Cambodia has occurred against the backdrop of greater macroeconomic and political stability. The usual motive, currency substitution, does not appear to have been a factor. As the volume of dollars increased over the years, so has the volume of riel. A strong inward flow of dollars related to garments sector exports, tourism receipts, foreign direct investment, and aid, has benefitted the dollar based urban economy. The riel based rural economy has, however, lagged behind. Given international experience in de-dollarization, a carefully managed market based strategy, supported by a continued stable macroeconomic environment is essential for Cambodia’s de-dollarization.
    Keywords: Cambodia , Dollarization , Economic models , Monetary policy , Political economy , Reserves ,
    Date: 2011–03–04
  5. By: Rodelio Subade (University of the Philippines in the Visayas); Evelyn Jugado (University of the Philippines in the Visayas)
    Abstract: A Self-Administered-Contingent Valuation Method (SA-CVM) survey was used to determine the non-use values or willingness to pay (WTP) of San Jose, Antique and Kalibo, Aklan respondents on conserving endangered species and habitats of Northwest Panay Peninsula National Park (NWPPNP). The study examined two payment vehicles as regards their potential for soliciting people's WTP and possible financing source for conservation: electric bill surcharge and the annual community tax collected by the local government treasury. The study found that people have high level of awareness of the importance of endangered species conservation but when compared with other environmental concerns, it was perceived as of less priority. When asked for specific (monetary) commitment or WTP to conserve NWPPNP, the majority was unwilling or non-committal. Results also revealed to a low and flat WTP curve, "yea" saying, and some bias toward a certain denomination. Based on the dichotomous choice CVM survey, results confirm the low WTP of respondents since only up to 14 percent were willing to pay for the hypothesized conservation fund for NWPPNP's endangered species and habitats. This is almost the same proportion as those who were willing to pay through either of the payment vehicle groupings. The main motivations for their WTP were bequest and use values. On the other hand, the survivor function estimates of mean WTP showed that the average respondent was willing to pay as contribution to the conservation fund amounts ranging from PhP 122 to PhP 176 per year. These WTP estimates can collect a modest social WTP of PhP 2.7-3.9 million, which is not sufficient to cover the opportunity costs of conservation. Thus, sourcing conservation funds for NWPPNP should go beyond the local residents.
    Keywords: Self-administered-contingent valuation method survey, Willingness to pay (WTP), Northwest Panay Peninsula National Park (NWPPNP), non-use values, denominational bias, yea saying
    Date: 2010–10
  6. By: Charles Raux (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - CNRS : UMR5593 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat); Tai-Yu Ma (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - CNRS : UMR5593 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat); Iragaël Joly (GAEL - Economie Appliquée de Grenoble - INRA : UR1215 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II); Vincent Kaufmann (LaSUR - Laboratoire de sociologie urbaine - École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne); Eric Cornelis (Groupe de recherche sur les transports - Facultés Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix); Nicolas Ovtracht (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - CNRS : UMR5593 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat)
    Abstract: A study of daily time allocation to travel and out-of-home activity is conducted across eight European cities over three countries: France (Lyon, Grenoble, Strasbourg and Rennes), Switzerland (Geneva, Bern and Zurich) and Belgium (Brussels), based on individual travel survey data collected between 1997 and 2006. The effects of socio-demographic, spatial context, transport availability and city-specific variables are investigated thanks to the Cox proportional hazard model. The results indicate that socio-demographic characteristics and city (or country) specific effect play a major role while residential density and proximity to high level road or public transport networks have a very limited impact on time budgets for travel and out-of-home activities.
    Keywords: Travel ; Activity ; Time allocation ; Cities ; Europe ; Duration model
    Date: 2011

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