nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2011‒03‒05
ten papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Sustainable Tourism and Local Development in Apulia Region By Neil MacCallum; Thierry Baert; Pierfelice Rosato; Stefano Barbieri
  2. Ecotourism and the Development of Indigenous Communities: the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly By Coria, Jessica; Calfucura, Enrique
  3. New approach to analyze relationships between agritouristic supply and territory By Iseppi, Luca; Ginaldi, Fabrizio
  4. Estimation of the Recreational Use Value Gained from Recreational Fishing of Southern Bluefin Tuna at Portland, Australia By Ezzy, Edward; Scarborough, Helen
  5. Evaluating the Improvement of Quality of Life in Rural Areas By Cagliero, Roberto; Cristiano, Simona; Pierangeli, Fabio; Tarangioli, Serena
  6. Evaluating CAP alternative policy scenarios through a system dynamics approach in rural areas of Greece By Efstratoglou, Sophia; Giannakis, Elias; Psaltopoulos, Demetris
  7. The use of figures in the evaluation or rural development policies: a quest for knowledge Counting, to tell and understand By Le Roy, Anne; Millot, Guillaume
  8. Is Choice Modelling Really Necessary? Public versus expert values for marine reserves in Western Australia By Rogers, Abbie
  9. Value Creation Strategies in Credence Food Productions: The Case of Organic Farming in Italy By Pascucci, Stefano; Capitanio, Fabian; Del Giudice, Teresa

  1. By: Neil MacCallum; Thierry Baert; Pierfelice Rosato; Stefano Barbieri
    Abstract: This document intends to provide a discussion of issues related to tourism and local development in Apulia region (Italy), an assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of current practices in related policy implementation, and recommendations and guidance on how the Apulia Government can establish and implement a successful sustainable tourism and local development strategy in the Region.
    Date: 2011–02
  2. By: Coria, Jessica (Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University); Calfucura, Enrique (Department of Economics, McGill University and CIREQ, Canada; and Facultad de Economia y Empresa, Universidad Diego Portales, Santiago. Chile.)
    Abstract: A large part of the literature analyzing the links between biodiversity conservation and community development assumes that nature-based tourism managed by indigenous communities will result not only in conservation of natural resources but also in increased development. In practice, indigenous communities have often failed to implement successful ecotourism projects due to a combination of factors, including isolation and a lack of financial resources, management skills, and infrastructure. Based on a review of experiences, we analyze the complex interaction among the factors shaping the success and failure of ecotourism experiences in indigenous communities, and we stress the need for a better approach to indigenous-based ecotourism. Moreover, use of complementary economics instruments and marketing of so-called charismatic species may be crucial elements for maximizing revenues of the ecotourism activities.
    Keywords: ecotourism; biodiversity; ICDP; indigenous communities
    JEL: Q50
    Date: 2011–02–23
  3. By: Iseppi, Luca; Ginaldi, Fabrizio
    Abstract: This paper defines the phenomenon of agritourism in Friuli Venezia Giulia (NE Italy) at the end of 2009, in the light of the multifunctionality of agritouristic farms and taking into account the land use. The proposed statistical approach to outline the situation includes (a) the classification of the variables linked to agritouristic supply to find the main supply types, (b) the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) in order to classify the regional agritourisms according to their supply and (c) the Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA) to investigate the relationships between agritouristic supply, agricultural land use and territory. Since the CCA is widely used only in social and environmental sciences, this work represents its first application in agribusiness field. The method becomes important during the agricultural policy planning processes because it provides decision makers with a means of rapid assessment of the relationships between rural supply and land uses on the territory.
    Keywords: Rural Tourism, Agritourism, Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA), Agricultural Policy., Agribusiness, Agricultural and Food Policy, Q13, Q18.,
    Date: 2011–02–10
  4. By: Ezzy, Edward; Scarborough, Helen
    Abstract: Southern bluefin tuna (Thunnus Maccoyii) is a global resource which is critically endangered. The Committee for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna (CCSBT) sets commercial quota levels for member nations, including Australia, each year. However, southern bluefin tuna is also a popular âtrophyâ fish with recreational anglers and the size of the total recreational catch in Australia is unknown but thought to be significant. This study focuses on the recreational southern bluefin tuna catch at Portland, in southwest Victoria and is based on data collected during the 2010 fishing season. The results indicate that the size of the recreational catch at Portland is significant in terms of the management of the fishery. A travel cost study was undertaken to estimate the recreational value of the fishery. The on-site recreational use value (consumer surplus) per person per visit is estimated to be between $33 and $132 and the on-site annual recreational use value of the fishery for this one season is estimated to be between $449,533 and $1,325,124.
    Keywords: Travel cost method, recreational fishing, southern bluefin tuna, Resource /Energy Economics and Policy,
    Date: 2011
  5. By: Cagliero, Roberto; Cristiano, Simona; Pierangeli, Fabio; Tarangioli, Serena
    Abstract: The research starts from the necessity to create specific tools for evaluating the impacts of rural development policies on fragile areas. The study is motivated by the need for developing an appropriate evaluation method that leads to gather meaningful information for a broader understanding of the quality of life in rural areas, including the subjective well-beingâs dimensions and its determinants and feeds the policy designs on this specific domain. The multidimensional nature of quality of life is a main challenge in terms of evaluation. Indeed, within the Rural Development Programmes 2007-2013, the enhancement of the quality of life in rural areas is one of the major strategic objectives to be addressed by a menu of measures. Selections of some current literature on the multidimensional nature of quality of life have been used as conceptual basis for analysing the extent to which the European evaluation framework for rural development programmes (EC 1999, 2006, 2010) - based on the intervention logic model, the use of economic indicators and evaluative questions - is able to capture the relevant dimensions of well-being rural peopleâs lives. A part of the research is based on the analysis of ex-post evaluations carried out in Italy. The evaluations are expected to assess the improvement of quality of life in rural areas as effect of programmesâ implementation. The paper provides two different experiences of quantification of quality of life in rural area: a synthetic measure of marginality as a proxy of quality of life indicators (in Piedmont) and a synthetic index of quality of life (in Emilia Romagna). The paper proposes a wider integrated evaluation approach to be used in the context of the evaluation of impacts of rural development programmes, that through the combined utilization of quantitative and qualitative indicators and additional evaluative questions, allows a more comprehensive assessment of quality of life in rural areas.
    Keywords: evaluation, quality of life, marginality, qualitative indicators, Agricultural and Food Policy, O180,
    Date: 2011–02–10
  6. By: Efstratoglou, Sophia; Giannakis, Elias; Psaltopoulos, Demetris
    Abstract: Current considerations for the post-2013 CAP create the need for the investigation and evaluation of alternative CAP scenarios and their effects on agriculture, environment and regional development in EU rural areas. To this end, a system-dynamics model is developed and utilized to evaluate the impacts of alternative CAP scenarios in a Greek rural area (prefecture of Trikala). This particular model features four basic subsystems (agriculture, environment, regional economy and human resources) specified and analyzed through a linear programming model, a dynamic input-output model and an age-cohort demographic model, respectively. Four alternative policy scenarios are specified, dealing with possible developments on Pillars 1 and 2. Model simulations produce scenario-specific effects for the 2007-2013 period, and up to 2020 in the form of changes in land use and farm output, environmental indicators associated with farm activity, economy-wide impacts and impacts on local population. Results show that different future orientations for the CAP are associated with different impacts on agricultural activity, the environment and total economic activity in this area. A reduction of Pillar 1 funds and a dedication of Pillar 2 spending on Axis 2 generate negative effects on local agriculture, but benefit the local environment and economy-wide incomes. On the other hand, a more âproductiveâ orientation of Pillar 2 positively affects local employment (compared to the current CAP) but does not create any positive or negative effects on the environment of this region
    Keywords: CAP, policy impact assessment, rural development, system dynamics, Agricultural and Food Policy, C61, C67, Q18, R58,
    Date: 2011–02–10
  7. By: Le Roy, Anne; Millot, Guillaume
    Abstract: Using figures seems to create rigour, objectivity, knowledge and it facilitates comparisons. Consequently, an evalution without figures is hardly conceivable. Nonetheless, objectivity and precision can be just an impression given the fact that figures are constructions built on a modeled description of reality. The simplification of reality operated through a figure can hide subtle elements regarding the way public policies work. If figures can legitimately be used in evaluation, every kinds of figures and evaluations are not equivalent. Therefore, our main research question is what place for figures in evalution? This contribution relates to research about policy evaluation, seen as a mean to produce knowledge useful for the understanding of policies and their implementation. Based on the analysis of the evaluations of rural development policies conducted by the French ministry of agriculture our goal is to increase practical and theoretical knowledge of those policies through well-designed evalutions.
    Keywords: Data, evaluation, methods, rural development policies, Agricultural and Food Policy, R58, Q18, H50,
    Date: 2011–02–10
  8. By: Rogers, Abbie
    Abstract: One of the motivations for choice modelling is to provide values that can be used to inform decisionmakers about the non-market costs and benefits of proposed projects or policies. However, the question must be asked as to whether decision-makers consider choice modelling to be a policy relevant tool. There may be more cost-effective and convenient means of providing comparable policy guidance than commissioning a choice modelling study. For example, advice on decision options may be sought from experts, such as scientists. However, expert advice may not accurately reflect the value judgements of the public. The aim of this study is to investigate whether public and expert preferences diverge, using the choice modelling technique. Two case studies are utilised â the Ningaloo Marine Park and the proposed Ngari Capes Marine Park in Western Australia. Evidence of both divergence and convergence between public and expert values is found in different instances, with public awareness factors playing a role in this divide. Where preference divergence appears likely, decision-makers should consider choice modelling as a useful tool to inform policy.
    Keywords: Choice modelling, valuation, experts, public, marine parks, Research Methods/ Statistical Methods,
    Date: 2011
  9. By: Pascucci, Stefano; Capitanio, Fabian; Del Giudice, Teresa
    Abstract: In this paper we analyse different strategies used by Italian organic farmers to create value from credence food production. More specifically, we consider the following strategies: participation in policy support programmes (i.e. rural development measures and agroâenvironmental schemes), direct marketing (i.e. shortâchains, onâfarm businesses, agroâtourism), onâfarm processing and being a member of a marketing and/or processing cooperative. We use data from the 2006 Italian FADN (Farm Accountancy Data Network) related to 981 organic farmers. To estimate the factors affecting farmersâ strategies and to evaluate them simultaneously we implement a multivariate probit model (MVP). The results could be helpful to implement guidelines for public and private intervention in the next CAP programming period. Allowing for differences in farmersâ goals and their impact on the choice of farming method and strategies is important in a modern competitive scenario.
    Keywords: Agribusiness, Agricultural and Food Policy, Farm Management, Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety, Institutional and Behavioral Economics, Marketing, Production Economics, Research Methods/ Statistical Methods,
    Date: 2010–10
  10. By: Mwebaze, Paul; Bennett, Jeff
    Abstract: The economic value of biological collections in three major botanic gardens in Australia was estimated using the Travel-Cost (TC) and Contingent Valuation (CV) methods. The study used truncated count data models to control for the non-negative integer and truncation properties of the number of visits to botanic gardens in Canberra, Melbourne and Sydney. We estimate consumer surplus values of approximately $34 per trip to each botanic garden, resulting in the total social welfare estimate of approximately $96.9 million in 2010 Australian dollars. This result is relatively high compared to similar studies conducted in other countries. Willingness to pay (WTP) for entry fees and or higher parking charges for access to botanic gardens were also investigated. Results indicate a positive mean WTP of approximately $3-$4 per trip per person. These findings will be useful for resource management decisions in the botanic gardens and other biological collections in Australia.
    Keywords: Economic value, botanic gardens, biological collections, willingness to pay, travel-cost method, contingent valuation method., Resource /Energy Economics and Policy,
    Date: 2011

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