nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2011‒01‒03
six papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. The tourism revolution in the Mediterranean, 1950-2005 By Carles Manera Erbina; Jaume Garau Taberner; Ramon Molina de Dios
  2. Assessing the Value of Krabi River Estuary Ramsar Site Conservation and Development By Penporn Janekarnkij;
  3. Investigating the behavior of embarking cruisers in a Caribbean homeport: a factor and a censured-Tobit analysis By JG. Brida; Manuela Pulina; E. Riaño; SZ. Aguirre
  4. Visitors’ experience in a modern art museum: a structural equation model By JG. Brida; Manuela Pulina; E. Riaño
  5. H1N1 influenza in Australia and its macroeconomic effects By George Verikios; James McCaw; Jodie McVernon; Anthony Harris
  6. Répartition du tourisme de croisière dans la Caraïbe : quels déterminants ? By Nathalie Petit-Charles; Bruno Marques

  1. By: Carles Manera Erbina (Universitat de les Illes Balears); Jaume Garau Taberner (Universitat de les Illes Balears); Ramon Molina de Dios (Universitat de les Illes Balears)
    Abstract: The explosion of mass tourism since the end of the Second World War has had a tangible effect on crucial flows of manpower, investment and production strategy towards the leisure economy in a large part of the world, with changes that take us back to what occurred two hundred years earlier in the heat of the Industrial Revolution. However, perhaps it is in particular areas (as was the case with the thrust of industrialisation) such as the Mediterranean basin, where this view can be identified more accurately. Both approaches are reflected in the key objectives of the work. In the first section of this research we discuss the major figures available on the growth of tourism since the Second World War, whilst at the same time outlining the fundamental theoretical keystones of the study: the claim with regard to a particular techno-economic paradigm in the case of mass tourism, involved in the fifth technological revolution seen since the Industrial Revolution. The second section deals specifically with the Mediterranean in its main tourism elements, based on the sources available: number of visitors, overnight stays and tourism expenditure. Finally, some conclusions are offered in order to summarise the work.
    Keywords: First Comers and Late Comers in Mass Tourism Economics. Techno-economics changes.
    JEL: L83 N30 N74 N93
    Date: 2010–12
  2. By: Penporn Janekarnkij (Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics,Faculty of Economics,Kasetsart University,Thailand);
    Abstract: Krabi River Estuary, a ramsar site located in southern Thailand, is dominated by two major natural vegetation assemblages, i.e. mangrove forests and seagrass beds. According to the cluster development strategy, the cabinet has approved in principle to develop Krabi as the global marine tourism center and economic gateway of Asia. This study aimed to assess the economic value of the site, using market price and benefit transfer. The impact on economic activities with the 5% annual decline of mangrove forests was evaluated. The estimated annual use value of the site was $9.7 million for recreation and tourism. The economic value of mangrove forests was $758/ha. The net present value of mangrove forests was $73.1 million based on 7% discount rate and 15-year time line. An approximate impact of mangrove change follows the study of Ruitenbeek (1992). It was assumed that the impact on local direct resource extraction and loss in biodiversity would occur at the year after the depletion of the forest. The impact on the productivity of local fishery would occur in the fifth year and on tourism in the tenth year. Thus, value loss of mangrove at the annual rate of 5% in the net present term became $21.0 million or $2.3 million per year. The results imply that a development project that causes the same rate of mangrove destruction must generate a least an income of $2.3 million per year to be considered as an economically feasible project.
    Keywords: Krabi River Estuary,ramsar site,wetland management,economic valuation,direct use values
    JEL: Q51 Q57
    Date: 2010–10
  3. By: JG. Brida; Manuela Pulina; E. Riaño; SZ. Aguirre
    Abstract: This study analyses embarking cruisers’ experience in a homeport. Survey data were collected from passengers that embarked in Cartagena de Indias (Colombia) during the 2009-2010 season. A factor-cluster analysis is developed to segment cruisers identifying the factors that influence their perception and expenditure pattern. Despite the expected total impact for an embarkation port is higher than a port of call, most passengers in Cartagena stay for a short period of time before embarking, hence their contribution to the local economy is rather neglectful. The Tobit analysis has consistently highlighted first time cruisers, with a high education level and belonging to the “long stay cluster” have a higher spending capacity.
    Keywords: cruise tourism; homeport; factor analysis; censured-Tobit
    JEL: C19 D12 L83
    Date: 2010
  4. By: JG. Brida; Manuela Pulina; E. Riaño
    Abstract: This study aims to provide a better understanding on the museum experience by studying visitors’ motivation, satisfaction and likelihood to return to the Museum for Modern and Contemporary Art (MART) of Rovereto (Italy). The empirical data were obtained from a survey undertaken from September to November 2009. A theoretical model to analyze the attractiveness factors of the museum based on two exogenous variables (push and pull motivation) and two endogenous variables (satisfaction and loyalty) is used and a structural equation model is estimated as a confirmatory tool of the hypothetical model. The findings reveal that tourists visiting the MART are mainly motivated by push factors, as relaxation, looking for a new experience and learn new things. Loyalty also positively influences the probability to return to the MART and recommend to friends and family. However, visit the city or the region of Trentino has no impact on satisfaction and loyalty to the MART. Besides, loyalty to MART does not imply the probability to recommend a visit to Rovereto.
    Keywords: museum; customer’s motivation; satisfaction; loyalty; probability to return and recommend; SEM
    JEL: C19 D12 L83
    Date: 2010
  5. By: George Verikios; James McCaw; Jodie McVernon; Anthony Harris
    Abstract: Early 2009 saw the emergence of an H1N1 influenza epidemic in North America that spread to eventually become a global pandemic. Previous work has suggested that pandemics can have large macroeconomic effects on highly affected regions; here we estimate what those effects might be for Australia. Our analysis applies the MONASH-Health model: a quarterly computable general equilibrium model of the Australian economy. We simulate the effects of two H1N1 epidemics; the relatively mild 2009 outbreak and also a more severe episode. The analysis supports the assertion that an H1N1 epidemic could have significant short-run macroeconomic effects.
    Keywords: general equilibrium, H1N1 influenza, pandemics
    JEL: C68 E37 I18
    Date: 2011–12
  6. By: Nathalie Petit-Charles (CEREGMIA, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane); Bruno Marques (CEREGMIA, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane)
    Abstract: La croissance continue de la fréquentation de croisière dans l’espace caribéen constitue un fait majeur du tourisme international des quatre dernières décennies. La diminution des croisiéristes depuis 2004, la forte et stable concentration sur les dix dernières années et le basculement vers l’ouest Caribéen sont aussi les caractères essentiels de la croisière caribéenne. La répartition intra-caribéenne du flux d’excursionnistes de croisière n’a pas à ce jour fait l’objet d’analyses. L’éloignement relativement à la Floride et le revenu des compagnies déterminent la concentration de la fréquentation de croisière dans la zone. L’article confirme le comportement d’offre des compagnies de croisière comme le facteur structurant de la « spatialisation » de la croisière dans la Caraïbe. Il enrichit la panoplie des politiques économiques des espaces de réception d’un nouvel outil : la compréhension du comportement des compagnies.
    Keywords: concentration, répartition, éloignement, revenu, comportement d’offre
    Date: 2010–12

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