nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2010‒12‒04
five papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. The Contribution of Tourism to Economic Growth and Food Security By Richardson, Robert B.
  2. Spillovers from Europe into Morocco and Tunisia By Reinout De Bock; Daniel Florea; Joël Toujas-Bernate
  3. Perfect surcharging and the tourist test interchange fee By Zenger, Hans
  4. Rural America at a Glance, 2010 Edition By Kusmin, Lorin; Hertz, Thomas
  5. The economic value of elite sports - The case of Sweden By Behrenz, Lars

  1. By: Richardson, Robert B.
    Abstract: Many developing countries have managed to increase their participation in the global economy through development of international tourism. Tourism development is increasingly viewed as an important tool in promoting economic growth, alleviating poverty, and advancing food security. This briefing note aims to review the relationship between tourism and poverty reduction, and to explore how investment in tourism development in Mali may contribute to national development goals. Numerous studies have demonstrated that tourism can play a significant role in balanced sustainable development, and that it can be effectively harnessed to generate net benefits for the poor (UNWTO, 2002). Tourism is a principal export for 83% of developing countries, and it is the most significant source of foreign exchange after petroleum. Figure 1 illustrates that the rate of tourism growth in lower-middle income developing countries and in the 50 least developed countries (LDCs) has been approximately double the world average growth rate in recent years, and almost triple the growth rate for high income countries. Developing countriesâ share of international tourist arrivals more than doubled from 1973 to 2000 (UNWTO, 2002). Tourism comprises a significant part of the worldâs growing service sector; in sub-Saharan Africa, tourism accounts for approximately 55% of service sector exports (UNWTO, 2004).
    Keywords: Agricultural and Food Policy, Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety, Food Security and Poverty,
    Date: 2010–06
  2. By: Reinout De Bock; Daniel Florea; Joël Toujas-Bernate
    Abstract: This paper examines the economic and financial linkages between Morocco and Tunisia and their European partners. Using structural vector autoregressions, we find that growth shocks in European partner countries generate significant responses on growth in Morocco and Tunisia. For Tunisia, exports and, to a much lesser extent, tourism appear to be the major transmission channels. In Morocco, exports, remittances and tourism play relatively equal roles. An analysis with sectoral data supports these results.
    Keywords: Business cycles , Cross country analysis , Economic growth , Economic recession , Europe , Exports , External shocks , Inward remittances , Morocco , Spillovers , Tourism , Tunisia ,
    Date: 2010–10–21
  3. By: Zenger, Hans
    Abstract: Two widely discussed pricing benchmarks in the literature on payment cards markets are the "tourist test" interchange fee (Rochet and Tirole, 2010), which internalizes usage externalities in payment card markets, and "perfect surcharging" by merchants (Rochet and Tirole, 2002). This paper shows that these benchmarks are allocatively equivalent. Implications for the regulatory treatment of interchange fees and no-surcharge rules are discussed.
    Keywords: Interchange fees; Two-sided markets; Surcharging; Tourist test
    JEL: L42 L31 G21
    Date: 2010–11–15
  4. By: Kusmin, Lorin; Hertz, Thomas
    Abstract: Rural America At A Glance, 2010 Edition highlights the most recent indicators of social and economic conditions in rural areas for use in developing policies and programs to assist rural areas. The 2010 edition focuses on the U.S. rural economy, including employment trends, poverty, and demographics.
    Keywords: Rural indicators, population, employment, rural unemployment, nonmetropolitan, nonmetro, rural economy, metro, rural America, Census data, population growth, unemployment, poverty, demographics, ERS, USDA, Community/Rural/Urban Development,
    Date: 2010–09
  5. By: Behrenz, Lars (Centre for Labour Market Policy Research (CAFO))
    Abstract: This study is about elite sports in Sweden. There are a lot of ways of studying the economic value of elite sports. In this article we use information from population data, club accounting and a questionnaire to get a picture of the economic values of elite sports. Our knowledge from earlier research concerning the economic value of elite sports is mainly based on US data. The Scandinavian model for sport is different from sports in the USA since the clubs are not owned by businesses and the goals are more or less “sport for all”. This paper tries to present a picture of the process of elite sports in countries there elite sports traditionally has been a mixture between professional and amateur. The results from willingness to pay analysis for the presence of elite sports in the actual county indicate values of 350 SEK (about 35 EURO) per year and person in Sweden. Another way of calculating the value of the elite teams is by estimating how many working hours people are prepared to devote to helping the club. If these hours are translated into economic values, it runs into between 3000 to 5000 SEK (about 300 to 500 EURO) per year and person, depending on location in Sweden
    Keywords: Cost–Benefit Analysis; Regional economic development;
    JEL: D61 R11 R58
    Date: 2010–11–21

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