nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2010‒10‒02
seven papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. The Relationship between the Perception of Risk and the Decision-making Process of Travel of French Tourists By Azim, Tare Sayed Abdel
  2. Estimating Price Effects in an Almost Ideal Demand Model of Outbound Thai Tourism to East Asia By Chia-Lin Chang; Thanchanok Khamkaew; Michael McAleer
  3. The Evolution of Tourism research: a new knowledge platform? By Lopes, Iris; Silva, João Albino; Rebelo, Efigénio; Castela, Guilherme
  4. Improving Quality of Ecotourism through Advancing Education and Training for Eco-tourism Guides By Skanavis, Constantina; Giannoulis, Christos
  5. Competitiveness, Clusters and Policy at the Regional Level: Rhetoric vs. Practice in Designing Policy for Depressed Regions By Argentino Pessoa
  6. Age of precarity : segmentation patterns in Rhone-Alps economic branches By Irune López-Pérez; Jon Bernat Zubiri-Rey
  7. The Value of the Trout Fishery at Rhodes, North Eastern Cape, South Africa, A Travel Cost Analysis Using Count Data Models By M Du Preez; S G Hosking

  1. By: Azim, Tare Sayed Abdel
    Abstract: This exploratory study was conducted in order to investigate the impact of socio-demographic variables “age, sex, familial situation, qualification, profession, income per capita”, international tourism experience, and tourism experience in Egypt on the decision making process of travel under the effect of the risk factor “terrorist attacks of last April, 2006, in Sinai, Egypt». For this purpose, a two decision making process probabilities have been estimated by the ordinal logit model.
    Keywords: Risk; tourism experience; Decision making process of travel Socio-demographic variables; tourist behaviour
    JEL: O1 M1 L83
    Date: 2009–10–08
  2. By: Chia-Lin Chang (Department of Applied Economics, National Chung Hsing University); Thanchanok Khamkaew (Faculty of Economics, Maejo University); Michael McAleer (Erasmus University Rotterdam, Tinbergen Institute, The Netherlands, and Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University)
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the responsiveness of Thai outbound tourism to East Asian destinations, namely China, Hong Kong, Japan, Taiwan and Korea, to changes in effective relative price of tourism, total real total tourism expenditure, and one-off events. The nonlinear and linear Almost Ideal Demand (AID) models are estimated using monthly data to identify the price competitiveness and interdependencies of tourism demand for competing destinations in both long run (static) and short run error correction (dynamic) specifications. The homogeneity and symmetry restrictions are imposed on the long run and short run AID models to estimate the elasticities. The income and price elasticities provide useful information for public and private tourism agents at the various destinations to maintain and improve price competitiveness. The empirical results show that price competitiveness is important for tourism demand for Japan, Korea and Hong Kong in the long run, and for Hong Kong and Taiwan in the short run. With regard to long run cross-price elasticities, the substitution effect can be found in the following pairs of destinations: China-Korea, Japan-Hong Kong, Taiwan-Hong Kong, Japan-Korea, and Taiwan-Korea. The complementary effect can be found in the following pairs of destinations: China-Hong Kong, China-Japan, China-Taiwan, Japan-Taiwan, and Korea-Hong Kong. Contrary to the findings obtained from the long run AID specification, Japan-Korea and Taiwan-Korea are complements in the short run. Furthermore, China’s share of real total tourism expenditure is inelastic in response to a change in real total tourism expenditure, while Korea’s share of real total tourism expenditure is most sensitive to changes in expenditure in the long run. The greatest impact on the share of real total tourism expenditure in the short run is tourism demand for Taiwan.
    Keywords: Almost Ideal Demand (AID) model, tourism demand, price competitiveness, substitutes, complements, budget shares, error correction
    JEL: C3 C5 D12 L83
    Date: 2010–09
  3. By: Lopes, Iris (University of Algarve); Silva, João Albino (University of Algarve); Rebelo, Efigénio (University of Algarve); Castela, Guilherme (University of Algarve)
    Abstract: By analysing Annals of Tourism Research subject index, this study aims to draw conclusions about the evolution/trends of tourism research. Because of Annals’s reputation as the leading international scholarly journal in the field, and also because of its consistent and comprehensive subject index, it was possible to create a database that allowed to observe the evolution of the field between 1973 and 2002. From the identification of the core subject themes, and through a dimension reduction process, the use of the BiPlot methodology allowed us to identify the most relevant subject themes, which show the main research trends between 1973 and 2002. The results of this study are consistent with previous studies and the observed trends in subjects revealed a relatively close match to Jafari’s (2001) four platforms as an emergent paradigm for tourism knowledge. For future research similar analyses including not only other tourism journals but also a bigger number of subject themes are needed, to expand the findings to the field as a whole.
    Keywords: Tourism Research; BiPlot Methods
    JEL: C49
    Date: 2010–07–30
  4. By: Skanavis, Constantina; Giannoulis, Christos
    Abstract: Environmental interpretation in Greece is in its infancy as an academic field. There are no nature guides or specific conservation objectives, and there is no professional training for non formal environmental educators and/or interpreters. The a of this paper is to reveal the necessity of integrating environmental interpretation in training of Greek Ecotour guides.The focus is on developing abilities which could enable Greek Ecotour guides to communicate and interpret the significance of the environment, promote minimal impact practices, ensure the sustainability of the natural and cultural environment, and motivate visiting tourists to evaluate the quality of life in relation to larger ecological or cultural concerns. The rationale underpinning this objective is that by providing accurate and effective interpretation of ecotourism sites as well as monitoring and modelling environmental responsible behaviour, the outcome will be to promote positive impacts of tourism and alleviate negative ones Local community will be encouraged to participate in environmental management of ecotourism settings. Furthermore, connecting ecotourism commitment to returning benefits, particularly economic and employment ones to local communities, it stresses that training local people to be interpretive guides, helps achieving not only ecological sustainability but also economic sustainability. Once trained, guides may encourage conservation action amongst both tourists and the local community.
    Keywords: Environmental Educators’ training; Environmental Interpretation; non formal Environmental Education; eco-tour guides; Greece
    JEL: O1 M1 L83
    Date: 2009–12–05
  5. By: Argentino Pessoa (CEF.UP, Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto)
    Abstract: This paper reviews the most important theoretical foundations of the spatial competitiveness conception, dealing with three levels of competitiveness: the country, the region and the tourism destination. Consequently, it draws attention to the main aspects that such concepts of competitiveness must include and it links the regional competitiveness with the related concept of cluster. Therefore, section 2 reviews the key aspects of competitiveness at the first level highlighting the role of the main forces acting at the national level. Section 3 extends the concept to the regional level, highlighting the critical aspects that must be considered when policy tries to increase the competitiveness of a particular region. Section 4 analyses the possibilities of extending the competitiveness concept to tourism destinations. Next, the paper analyses the literature on policy advice and discuss the inconsistency between the theory and the policy designed to promote regional competitiveness. Finally, the paper presents some concluding remarks on regional policy applied to depressed regions.
    Keywords: clusters, competitiveness, regional policy, tourism
    JEL: Q25 Q28 R19 R58
    Date: 2010–09
  6. By: Irune López-Pérez (University of the Basque Country - University of the Basque Country); Jon Bernat Zubiri-Rey (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Économie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - CNRS : UMR5252 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II)
    Abstract: Our paper analyse the evolution of the main labour variables in French region of Rhône-Alps for different age groups. We carry out an empirical analysis of the evolution of the labour segmentation patterns between 1995 and 2007, based on administrative records. Our aim is to compare evolution of regional employment model by age groups, sex and economic branches. We analyse inequalities in wages and contract-stability, in a global point of view and focusing in the emergent tertiary sectors of tourism, transport and personal services. We conclude that general destabilisation and new global and sectoral segmentation patterns have to be considered by age groups as a relevant aspect to understand the emerging working norms and contemporaneous employment models founded in labour precarity.
    Keywords: précarité ; travail précaire ; salaire ; inégalité ; analyse sectorielle ; France ; Rhône-Alpes
    Date: 2010–07–14
  7. By: M Du Preez; S G Hosking
    Abstract: The National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, no.10 of 2004) makes provision for the presence of alien trout in South African waters by means of a zoning system, partly in recognition of the significant income generating potential of trout fishing in South Africa. This paper reports the first formal recreational valuation of a trout fishery in South Africa, the one in and around Rhodes village, North Eastern Cape. The valuation is carried out by applying the individual travel cost method using several count data models. The zero truncated negative binomial model yielded the most appealing results. It accounts for the non-negative integer nature of the trip data, for truncation and over-dispersion. The paper finds that in 2007 consumer surplus per day visit to the Rhodes trout fishery was R2 668, consumer surplus per trip visit was R13 072, and the total consumer surplus generated was R18 026 288.
    Date: 2010

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