nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2010‒07‒10
three papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Tourism and poverty relief By Blake, Adam; Saba Arbache, Jorge; Sinclair, Thea; Kuhl Teles, Vladimir
  2. Private and public incentive to reduce seasonality: a simple theoretical model By Cellini, Roberto; Rizzo, Giuseppe
  3. The Interrelationship between HR, Strategy and Profitability in Service SMEs: Empirical Evidence from the UK Tourism Hospitality and Leisure Sector By Andreas Georgiadis; Christos N. Pitelis

  1. By: Blake, Adam; Saba Arbache, Jorge; Sinclair, Thea; Kuhl Teles, Vladimir
    Abstract: This paper examines the issue of how tourism affects poverty in the context of the effects oftourism on an economy as a whole and on particular sectors within it. A framework foranalysing the channels through which tourism affects different households is developed, and acomputable general equilibrium model of the Brazilian economy is used to examine theeconomic impact and distributional effects of tourism in Brazil. It is shown that the effects onall income groups are positive. The lowest income households benefit from tourism but byless than some higher income groups. Policies that could redistribute greater shares of therevenue to the poor are considered.
    Date: 2010–07–01
  2. By: Cellini, Roberto; Rizzo, Giuseppe
    Abstract: This paper presents a theoretical model to investigate the incentive of private producer and policy-maker to reduce seasonality in a given market, where consumers derive different utilities from the consumption of the good in different seasons. The (seasonal) product differentiation is modeled along the lines of the contributions of Gabszewicz and Thisse (1979) and Shaked and Sutton (1982). We take into consideration that investments are possible to reduce the degree of seasonality. We show that, for a wide set of parameter configuration, the policy maker finds it optimal to make more effort to reduce seasonality as compared to private producers. The theoretical conclusion is consistent with empirical and anecdotical evidence, especially in the field of tourism markets.
    Keywords: Seasonality; Tourism; Public Spending
    JEL: D29 L83 L12
    Date: 2010–06–30
  3. By: Andreas Georgiadis; Christos N. Pitelis
    Abstract: We investigate the strategies, HR attributes and their synergies that are associated withsuperior performance in service SMEs using data from the UK Tourism Hospitality andLeisure (THL) sector. A major advantage of our analysis is that our sample includesinformation also on very small firms which makes results representative of the industry butalso sheds light on a very little investigated area related to the nature of HRM and its linkwith performance of micro businesses. Our results suggest that high-performing SMEs in theTHL sector are managed by more experienced entrepreneurs. Moreover, they employ acombination of technological and know-how firm differentiation strategies together with ahighly skilled workforce, and/or a combination of (product) differentiation strategies basedon quality of service and personal attention to customers, and a generous compensationpackage and attention to employees development.
    Keywords: Value capture strategies, Human capital, Organisation Commitment to Employees, Profitability
    JEL: J2
    Date: 2010–03

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