nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2010‒05‒22
four papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. The Impact of the 2007 European Cultural Capital in Sibiu: A long term perspective By Richards, Greg; Rotariu, Ilie
  2. Importance-Satisfaction Analysis for Tioman Island Marine Park By Norlida Hanim, Mohd Salleh; Redzuan, Othman
  3. The Impact of Marine Park Gazettement to Local Community Sustainable Livelihoods: A Case Study of Redang and Tioman Islands By Norlida Hanim, Mohd Salleh; Redzuan, Othman; Nurul Fahana Aini , Harun
  4. Delay Management with Re-Routing of Passengers By Dollevoet, T.; Huisman, D.; Schmidt, M.; Schobel, A.

  1. By: Richards, Greg; Rotariu, Ilie
    Abstract: This study of the impact of the European Cultural Capital in Sibiu in 2007 is part of an ongoing programme of research initiated by the European Association for Tourism and Leisure Education (ATLAS) in 1999. This programme of research aims to examine the implementation and effects of this increasingly popular event throughout Europe. The European Capital of Culture staged in Sibiu during 2007 was a unique event. It was the first European Capital of Culture (ECOC) to be staged in one of the post-2004 EU accession countries, and it represented a major challenge in being staged just as Romania was joining the EU. The original evaluation report published in 2007 by ATLAS (Richards and Rotariu, 2007), indicated that the event programme had successfully met many of the short-term aims, attracting large numbers of visitors, increasing cultural participation and improving the image of the city in Romania and abroad. Measuring the other, often less tangible impacts of the event requires a longer-term monitoring strategy. ATLAS has therefore undertaken a continuous monitoring programme for the City of Sibiu over the past three years. This research includes a number of different elements:regular surveys of residents and visitors, analysis of tourism flows and other statistics, Interviews with stakeholders in the city, Data from the regular surveys carried out by ATLAS in other parts of Europe. This report provides a summary of some of the major findings of the research to date, mainly based on the resident and visitor surveys.
    Keywords: European Cutural Capital; cultural tourism;
    JEL: Z10
    Date: 2010–02
  2. By: Norlida Hanim, Mohd Salleh; Redzuan, Othman
    Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this research is to evaluate the importance and satisfaction level of tourists at the Tioman Island Marine Park (TIMP) toward the island’s environmental attributes and service quality offered. This research analyses the overall tourists, as well as comparison between the local and foreign tourists. The measurement of importance and satisfaction is based on the mean analysis, i.e. the importance mean (estimated/expected mean) and the perceived mean (satisfactory mean). The difference between these mean values shows the gap value. The gap analysis in this research is assisted by the t-analysis in explaining the existence of difference, if any. If there is no difference in this analysis, it shows that the tourists get what they expected from their trips to the TIMP. However, if there is existence of difference, it must be ascertained as to whether the trips satisfy their expectations or otherwise. Again, the gap analysis will be able to answer this question. The research result shows that all tourists (both locals and foreign) agree on the importance and satisfaction toward the TIMP‘s environmental attributes and service quality offered. Besides the existence of difference in value between the said means, whether through the gap analysis or the paired t-test; the gap analysis finds that the mean values for most of the environmental attributes and service quality evaluated, are negative. Thus, these negative values indicate a relatively low satisfaction level.
    Keywords: Keywords: Tourists’ perceptions; Environmental attributes; Environmental Service Quality; Tioman Island Marine Park
    JEL: O13 Q57
    Date: 2010–03
  3. By: Norlida Hanim, Mohd Salleh; Redzuan, Othman; Nurul Fahana Aini , Harun
    Abstract: ABSTRACT In order to protect and conserve the threatened and endangered marine life, the government has gazetted a total of 40 islands as marine parks. With the gazettement, all activities that disrupt the stability of marine’s eco-system are prohibited. These prohibited activities include fishing, the locals’ main source of income. Thus, what about the locals’ livelihoods post- gazettement? This research is to analyze the livelihood sustainability of the locals at the Pulau Tioman Marine Park (TIMP) and Pulau Redang Marine Park (PRMP). The analysis on livelihood sustainability is based on the locals’ perceptions after the islands’ gazettement as marine parks. The five standard of living/living standard indicators which are human, physical, natural/environment, social, finance as well as threats/uncertainties towards socio-economic changes will be analysed in this research. The research results show that in general, the RIMP and TIMP’s communities’ livelihoods are satisfactory in terms of human, physical and social assets; but are still lacking in terms of the financial and natural/environment assets. The education element also needs to be addressed as there are still school dropouts among these islands’ communities’ children. Nonetheless, the locals are still safe from socio-economic threats/uncertainties and disease outbreaks/disasters. In comparing the RIMP and TIMP, it is found that the TIMP’s community has better sustainable livelihood than that of the RIMP’s locals.
    Keywords: Keywords: Sustainable livelihood; Pulau Tioman Marine Park; Pulau Redang Marine Park and Sustainability Indicators
    JEL: Q01
    Date: 2010–03
  4. By: Dollevoet, T. (Erasmus Econometric Institute); Huisman, D. (Erasmus Econometric Institute); Schmidt, M. (Erasmus Econometric Institute); Schobel, A. (Erasmus Econometric Institute)
    Abstract: The question of delay management is whether trains should wait for a delayed feeder train or should depart on time. In classical delay management models passengers always take their originally planned route. In this paper, we propose a model where re-routing of passengers is incorporated. To describe the problem we represent it as an event-activity network similar to the one used in classical delay management, with some additional events to incorporate origin and destination of the passengers. We present an integer programming formulation of this problem. Furthermore, we discuss the variant in which we assume fixed costs for maintaining connections and we present a polynomial algorithm for the special case of only one origin-destination pair. Finally, computational experiments based on real-world data from Netherlands Railways show that significant improvements can be obtained by taking the re-routing of passengers into account in the model.
    Keywords: public transportation;delay management;re-routing;OD-pairs
    Date: 2010–05–11

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