nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2009‒09‒26
seven papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Estimating the impact of whaling on global whale watching By Kuo, H-I.; Chen, C-C.; McAleer, M.
  2. Closed form solution for dynamic of sustainable tourism By Dell'Era, Mario; Sodini, Mauro
  3. Branding Ghana By Ofori, Eunice
  4. Impact of Non-Smoking Ordinances on Hospitality Revenues: The Case of Germany By Gabriel Ahlfeldt; Wolfgang Maennig
  6. The Economic Impact of Clean Indoor Air Laws: A Review of Alternative Approaches and of Empirical findings By Silvia Tiezzi
  7. Holidays and the economic growth of nations By Amavilah, Voxi Heinrich

  1. By: Kuo, H-I.; Chen, C-C.; McAleer, M. (Erasmus Econometric Institute)
    Abstract: After the commercial whaling moratorium was enacted in 1986, whale watching became one of the fastest growing tourism industries worldwide. As whaling was regarded as an activity incompatible with whale watching, the possible resumption of commercial whaling caused an urgent need to investigate the potential negative effects of whaling on the whale-watching industry. We examine the potential impacts of whaling on the global whale-watching tourism industry using unbalanced panel data model. The empirical results indicate that the resumption of commercial whaling has the potential for a negative effect on the global whale-watching industry, especially for nations that are engaged in whaling.
    Keywords: global whale watching;whaling;delay-difference equation model
    Date: 2009–09–10
  2. By: Dell'Era, Mario; Sodini, Mauro
    Abstract: The attention to environmental conditions of the planet drives many scientists to study and to analyze the externalities of the economic activities and their relapses on nature. The issue is quite complex because of the non-linear interactions between human and natural phenomena. Our intention is to study the particular case of tourist activities. Starting from the specification of the concept of sustainable development, using a simple model we characterize the conditions for which there exists an optimal equilibrium between nature and tourism. Then, trough several simulations we study which policies are able to guarantee the better synergies between economy and environmental quality.
    Keywords: Policy; Sustainable Tourism
    JEL: C71 P16 A14
    Date: 2009–06–20
  3. By: Ofori, Eunice
    Abstract: Ghana being a developing nation should embark on a national rebranding campaign to change its image domestically and internationally. This paper focuses on ways in which the Ghanaian government can achieve its goals, where the campaign wouldn’t just be another governmental propaganda, but prove worthy of taxpayers’ money, with the effects witnessed by all.
    Keywords: Ghana; country branding; tourism
    JEL: P41 M31 H11
    Date: 2009–09–12
  4. By: Gabriel Ahlfeldt (Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg); Wolfgang Maennig (Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg)
    Abstract: Non-smoking ordinances are among the most popular albeit controversial public health-care legislations worldwide. This article provides an empirical assessment of the impact of non-smoking ordinances on bar and restaurant revenues in German Federal States. By application of panel spline regression and difference-in-difference strategies, we find negative impact limited to bars in the very short run. If any, there is a positive impact on total expenditures in the long run, indicating that either consumption pattern has not changed at all or that any reduction in spending by smokers is compensated for by a corresponding increase by non-smokers. These findings support the German – and similar – non-smoking legislations in the sense that positive externalities resulting from reduced health care cost are likely to outweigh the risk to businesses in the hospitality sector, at least in the long run.
    Keywords: Keywords: Bar Revenues, Non-smoking Ordinances, Restaurant Revenues
    JEL: I18 K32
    Date: 2009
  5. By: Ungureanu, Carmen (Ecological University); Ragalie, Stefan (Ecological University)
    Abstract: The scarcity of raw material resources at the disposal of the Romanian society, the long crisis of the mining industry, as well as the need for attracting and supporting major foreign investments arouse the specialists' concern to define viable solutions for the sustainable development of the Romanian industry, in general, and mining industry, in particular.
    Keywords: rural; turism
    JEL: A10
    Date: 2009–09–24
  6. By: Silvia Tiezzi
    Abstract: This paper surveys existing approaches and empirical results to estimating the impact of Clean Indoor Air Laws on smoking behaviour, on the one hand, and on the hospitality industry, on the other. The purpose is twofold: first, identifying important gaps, if any, in the literature that could be addressed in future research; second, trying to unfold the reasons of the wide heterogeneity in the results and, as a consequence, to provide an assessment of the reliability of those results. The discussion begins with a look at the recent regulations that motivate the study of the impact of Clean Indoor Air Laws, with a special emphasis on European smoking bans. This is followed by critical reviews of studies and approaches to estimating the economic impact of Clean Indoor Air Laws. We can distinguish between a direct and an indirect effect of anti-smoking regulations: the direct effect on smoking behaviour and the indirect effect on the economic performance of the hospitality industry. The first review assesses those studies and approaches that have focused on the direct impact on smoking behaviour. The second review analyzes estimation of the economic impact on the hospitality industry. At the end of each of the two broad reviews, we summarize a selection of the empirical findings. The fifth section explores methodological differences and problems that may affect the empirical analysis reviewed in the previous sections with the purpose of shedding light on the wide heterogeneity in the empirical findings. The concluding section asks whether the studies reviewed in this paper place us in a better position to assess the economic impact of Clean Indoor Air Laws
    Keywords: smoking bans, smoking participation, smoking consumption
    JEL: I18 K32
    Date: 2009–09
  7. By: Amavilah, Voxi Heinrich
    Abstract: There is sufficient microeconomic evidence that holidays are important to economic life. Is there similar support at the macroeconomic level? This exploratory paper uses a simple approach to assess the impacts of holidays on the economic growth rates of 182 nations in 2002. It finds that the human development level has a larger effect on economic growth rate than holidays. At the aggregate level holidays affect economic growth positively, but in a statistically insignificant way. For example, increasing by one day the number of holidays per year adds 0.30% to annual growth rate. Unlike non-religious holidays, religious holidays, whether Christian or non-Christian, affect economic growth negatively. The results are meaningful, yet statistically weak insofar as their explanatory power is only around 20%. They suggest that instruments for holidays, such as total sales revenue during holidays ,or something, other than the number of holidays, may be better explanatory variables. One can think of any number of fixes like remodeling the problem, choosing alternative estimators and/or functional forms. For now, those fixes belong to future efforts.
    Keywords: Holidays; economic growth; Madonna; human development index (HDI)
    JEL: C51 O47 E13 C21 D60
    Date: 2009–09–12

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