nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2009‒09‒11
two papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Tourism Specialization and Economic Development: Evidence from the UNESCO World Heritage List By Arezki, Rabah; Cherif, Reda; Piotrowski, John
  2. Conservation and Ecotourism in Brazil and Mexico: The Development Impact By David Ivan Fleischer

  1. By: Arezki, Rabah; Cherif, Reda; Piotrowski, John
    Abstract: The present paper investigates whether tourism specialization is a viable strategy for development. We estimate standard growth equations augmented with a variable measuring tourism specialization using instrumental variables techniques for a large cross-section of countries for the period 1980–2002. We introduce an instrument for tourism based on the UNESCO World Heritage List. We find that there is a positive relationship between the extent of tourism specialization and economic growth. An increase of one standard deviation in the share of tourism in exports leads to about 0.5 percentage point in additional annual growth, everything else being constant. Our result holds against a large array of robustness checks.
    Keywords: Tourism; economic development and growth and instrumental variables
    JEL: O11 O41 C82 C21
    Date: 2009–08
  2. By: David Ivan Fleischer (International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth)
    Abstract: Conservation projects alter local productive modes and have an impact on livelihoods. For example, sea turtle conservation projects affect fishing communities through hunting restrictions. It is not painless for communities to improve fishing technology in order to prevent the accidental capture of sea turtles. The inability to adapt to environmental requirements forces fishermen to abandon traditional livelihoods. A combination of environmental conservation and ecotourism development can provide the solution. (...)
    Keywords: Conservation and Ecotourism in Brazil and Mexico: The Development Impact
    Date: 2009–09

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