nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2009‒07‒11
three papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. The regional public spending for tourism in Italy: An empirical analysis By Cellini, Roberto; Torrisi, Gianpiero
  2. Can Malaysia escape the middle-income Trap ? a strategy for Penang By Yusuf , Shahid; Nabeshima, Kaoru
  3. Making world heritage truly global: the culture certificate scheme By Bruno S. Frey; Paolo Pamini

  1. By: Cellini, Roberto; Torrisi, Gianpiero
    Abstract: We analyse the effects of public spending for tourism, in Italian regions. The evaluation is permitted by the availability of the databank under the project “Conti Pubblici Territoriali” (“Regional Public Account”) of the Ministry of Economic Development: the spending of all public subjects is aggregated according to the regions of destinations, and classified according to different criteria, including the sectoral criterion. We take a cross-section regression analysis approach. The effects of public spending for tourism on tourism attraction are investigated. Generally speaking, the effectiveness of public spending appears to be really weak.
    Keywords: Tourism; Regions; Public Spending; Regional Public Account.
    JEL: R53 R58 L83 C21
    Date: 2009–07–07
  2. By: Yusuf , Shahid; Nabeshima, Kaoru
    Abstract: How can Penang upgrade and diversify its economy? This paper addresses this question using a number of methodologies that have been developed for assessing competitiveness and identifying the direction of future industrial evolution. The results show that although Penang was successful in attracting foreign direct investment to the electronics industry, this has not translated into a deepening of industrial capabilities or the nurturing of innovation capacity in Penang. No large Malaysian firms in Penang have taken the lead in innovation and there is little new entry by local firms, despite incentives provided by local and national governments are generous. Universiti Sains Malaysia, the principal university in Penang, is contributing through provision of skills, and it is beginning to multiply university industry linkages. However, the university’s research activities are too limited and too diffuse to significantly initiate innovation by local industry. Under the current circumstances, and given its relatively small size, Penang will have to try much harder to strengthen its competitive advantage in its most important industry -electronics- through actions that build research capital. It will also have to increase its efforts to develop the potential of other value-adding activities, such as medical services and tourism. A strategy focused on localization economies is likely to be the most feasible option.
    Keywords: Technology Industry,Tertiary Education,E-Business,ICT Policy and Strategies,Agricultural Knowledge&Information Systems
    Date: 2009–06–01
  3. By: Bruno S. Frey; Paolo Pamini
    Abstract: Culture has attributes of a global public good that needs to be preserved for mankind as a whole. World Culture Certificates are proposed to efficiently preserve World Heritage. The community of nations has to agree on the Global Heritage List and how much each nation is to contribute to that purpose. Each World Heritage site conserved is acknowledged through the issuance of a tradable Certificate. Countries and private firms are induced to seek sites where financial resources can be spent most productively. This leads to an efficient allocation of resources to preserve World Heritage.
    Keywords: Global public good, World Heritage, Cultural Certificates, Monuments, UNESCO
    JEL: Z11 D6 F5 H87
    Date: 2009–06

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