nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2009‒05‒02
three papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Regional Competitiveness of Tourism Cluster: A Conceptual Model Proposal By Ferreira, João; Estevão, Cristina
  2. Sustainable financing for ocean and coastal management in Jamaica: The potential for revenues from tourist user fees By Edwards, Peter E.T.
  3. Evaluating Africa’s comparative advantage in travel service exports By Johan Fourie

  1. By: Ferreira, João; Estevão, Cristina
    Abstract: Tourism is characterized for being a sector that has been highlighted as one of the activities with greatest potential for expansion on a global scale. For its growth potential and for being a product that can only be consumed in loco, tourism accepts the prominence role of being a strategy for local development. In this context the search for competitiveness is one of the key concerns of companies around the world. As clusters being a competent tool in companies’ performance, in regional development and in countries’ competitiveness, it is important to analyze its potential in tourism. This research aims to propose a conceptual model to analyze how a tourism cluster encourages its regional competitiveness.
    Keywords: Cluster; Tourism; Regional Development; and Competitiveness
    JEL: O25 R0 L20 L83 D00 M20 L00
    Date: 2009–04–25
  2. By: Edwards, Peter E.T.
    Abstract: This study explores the feasibility of implementing a sustainable funding mechanism for ocean and coastal management in Jamaica. Results show that tourists are more willing to pay for an “environmental tax” than a general “tourism development tax”. The study found that an environmental surcharge of US$2 per person could generate $3.4M per year for management with 0.2% rate of decline in tourist visitation. Negative impacts from the imposition of additional taxes on annual tourist visitation rates could be minimised by providing information on how the revenues from the tax will be allocated for management activities.
    Keywords: Jamaica reefs; Resource management; Coastal tourism; Tourist user fees
    JEL: Q50 Q00 Q26
    Date: 2008–06
  3. By: Johan Fourie (Department of Economics, University of Stellenbosch)
    Abstract: This paper tests the hypothesis that African countries reveal a comparative advantage in travel service exports empirically. The UNCTAD 2007 Handbook of Statistics (2008) is used to calculate revealed comparative advantage for 186 countries over 10 tradable service sectors using three different measures of the Balassa index. The results indicate that many African countries reveal a strong comparative advantage in travel service exports. Particularly, a band of countries with a vertical axis from South Africa to Ethiopia and a band of countries with a horizontal axis in the Sahel reveal promising results. If African countries are to benefit from the growth in world service exports, researchers and policy makers should note the massive potential for African travel exports, especially in the smaller destinations. Policies – including regional initiatives – to promote sustained growth in travel service exports are therefore of critical importance.
    Keywords: Tourism, international trade, revealed comparative advantage, sub-Saharan Africa
    JEL: L83 F14 N77
    Date: 2009

This nep-tur issue is ©2009 by Antonello Scorcu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.