nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2008‒11‒18
nine papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Slippery Slope? Assessing the Economic Impact of the 2002 Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City, Utah By Robert Baade; Robert Baumann; Victor Matheson
  2. How Beneficial is Tourism? An Analysis of the Economic Impact of Tourism in Il N'gwesi, Kenya By DeVeau, Vanessa; Marshall, Maria I.
  3. The impact of the wine industry on hotels and restaurants in Walla Walla By Storchmann, Karl
  4. Spatial Competition and Farm Tourism - A Hedonic Pricing Model By Andersson, Hans; Hoffmann, Ruben
  5. Valuing forest recreation on the national level in a transition economy: The case of Poland By Bartczak, Anna; Lindhjem, Henrik; Navrud, Ståle; Zandersen, Marianne; Zylicz, Tomasz
  6. Whale-watching and Herring Fishing: Joint or Independent Production? By Lee, Min-Yang
  7. Are Big Cities Really Bad Places to Live? Improving Quality-of-Life Estimates across Cities By David Albouy
  8. Applying Geographically Weighted Regression to Conjoint Analysis: Empirical Findings from Urban Park Amenities By Tanaka, Katsuya; Yoshida, Kentaro; Kawase, Yasushi
  9. Distributional Impacts of Agritourism in the Arkansas Delta Byways region By Das, Biswa R.; Rainey, Daniel V.

  1. By: Robert Baade (Department of Economics and Business, Lake Forest College); Robert Baumann (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross); Victor Matheson (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross)
    Abstract: This paper provides an empirical examination of the 2002 Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City, Utah. Our analysis of taxable sales in the counties in which Olympic events took place finds that some sectors such as hotels and restaurants prospered while other retailers such as general merchandisers and department stores suffered. Overall the gains in the hospitality industry are lower than the losses experienced by other sectors in the economy. Given the experience of Utah, potential Olympic hosts should exercise caution before proceeding down the slippery slope of bidding for this event.
    Keywords: Olympics, impact analysis, mega-event, tourism, sports
    JEL: O18 R53 L83
    Date: 2008–11
  2. By: DeVeau, Vanessa; Marshall, Maria I.
    Abstract: This paper is a study of the economic effects of tourism in Il N'gwesi, Kenya. This group ranch has been greatly influenced by tourism and conservation efforts in recent years. It neighbors several conservation and tourism centers and in 1996 members set aside 80% of their communal land for a conservation area and initiated a community run Eco Lodge. This paper studies the potential negative effects of tourism on Il N'gwesi as well as which variables impact conservation friendly expenditure decisions. A statistical analysis reveals that group ranch members perceive that there had been inflation in the prices of land, food, and goods and services. However, close to 100 percent of households do not believe that the inflation is due to the Eco Lodge. A statistical analysis of perceptions of wildlife and conservation reveal that there is no significant difference in how households value wildlife and conservation, regardless of whether they have suffered from wildlife damage or not. Probit models were used to evaluate how respondent characteristics and types of employment influence household choice of expenditure. This revealed that providing people with economic incentives to make conservation friendly decisions does not appear to be working in Il N'gwesi.
    Keywords: Community/Rural/Urban Development,
    Date: 2008
  3. By: Storchmann, Karl
    Abstract: Walla Walla enjoys the fastest growing wine industry in the State of Washington, if not in the whole U.S. This paper examines the impact of this extraordinary growth on the revenue of regional hotels and restaurants. Employing a dynamic quarterly panel model at the county level we show that the regional reputation as high quality wine county, as expressed by critical wine points in the national wine press, has a significant effect on the tourism industry. Less than 17% of all restaurant and approximately 40% of all hotel revenue is tied to the wine cluster (2007). However, regional reputation is short-living and needs to be constantly re-earned.
    Keywords: wine quality, wine tourism, regional development, dynamic panel, regional economics, Agricultural and Food Policy, Land Economics/Use, Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies,
    Date: 2008–06
  4. By: Andersson, Hans; Hoffmann, Ruben
    Abstract: Changes in EU agricultural policies towards additional focus on rural development issues raise questions regarding the economic impact of local/spatial competition. Traditionally, farmers have typically been price takers in markets for major agricultural products. This is, however, not necessarily true in the case of local markets for €ܮew enterprises€ݮ This article examines local/and spatial competition for farm tourism services, specifically €ܓelf catering€ݠin Sweden. The results show that spatial dependences exist and have to be considered in the econometric estimation of the hedonic pricing model. Using spatial econometrics it is shown that the price is affected by the average price, the demand for and supply of lodging in the regional market. Notable is that the results indicate that local competition has a positive effect on the price while regional competition has a negative effect. Marketing channels used as well as size and ranking of the service were found to affect the price of lodging. Diversification does not seem to positively affect prices. The findings illustrate the potential importance of local competition for rural developments studies. It also raises questions concerning policies promoting diversification and multifunctionality as a way of revitalizing urban areas.
    Keywords: Community/Rural/Urban Development,
    Date: 2008
  5. By: Bartczak, Anna; Lindhjem, Henrik; Navrud, Ståle; Zandersen, Marianne; Zylicz, Tomasz
    Abstract: Recreation benefits constitute a substantial part of the total economic value of forests, and are important for the choice of multi-functional forest policies. The application of methods valuing such benefits is in its infancy in transition economies in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), so value estimates for policy use are sometimes transferred from Western Europe proportionally scaled down by GDP. However, little is known about how recreation values vary with income, and one risks underestimating benefits in CEE. This paper reports the findings of the first comprehensive, national-level study in any CEE country estimating annual and per trip forest recreation values in Poland using the Travel Cost (TC) and Contingent Valuation (CV) methods. Two in-person interview surveys of forest recreation behaviour were carried out. The first was administered onsite in ten representative forest areas, and the other in the homes of a national sample of adult Poles. Results show that forest recreation is highly valued in Poland, at Euros 0.64 – 6.93 per trip per person, depending on the valuation method. Both trip frequency and per trip values are higher than the average in Western Europe, despite a lower income level. Thus, a simple GDP-adjusted transfer from Western Europe would substantially undervalue forest recreation in Poland. Further, a comparison of TC consumer surplus estimates and GDP/capita in Europe shows no clear relationship, indicating that a range of cultural, institutional and other factors may be important
    Keywords: Forest; recreation; valuation; transition economy
    JEL: H41 Q51
    Date: 2008–09
  6. By: Lee, Min-Yang
    Abstract: The effects of "localized depletion" of a pelagic fishery (herring) on a non-extractive marine activity (tourism) are investigated. Proponents of the localized depletion theory claim that intense fishing effort can lead to areas that are unsuitable for predators like tuna, groundfish, and whales. This leads to poor outcomes for the fishing and whale-watching industries. However, there has been no consensus in the scientific community about the existence of this phenomenon. Localized depletion would be consistent with an economic theory of joint production, in which nearshore herring stocks are an input in production of both herring and whale-watching trips. A unique dataset of daily whale-watching outcomes is combined with fishing effort and oceanographic data. This dataset is used to test the hypothesis that intensive fishing effort increases the search time of whale-watching companies. Our results suggest that while fishing has a statistically significant impact on sightings, this magnitude of this effect is fairly small. Sightings seem to be determined mostly by large scale oceanographic processes. These results should be of interest to policymakers in determining future fishing regulations.
    Keywords: whales, fishing, panel data, search, Ecosystem Based Management, Resource /Energy Economics and Policy, Q57, Q26, Q22,
    Date: 2008
  7. By: David Albouy
    Abstract: The standard revealed-preference hedonic estimate of a city's quality of life is proportional to that city's cost-of-living relative to its wage-level. Adjusting the standard hedonic model to account for federal taxes, non-housing costs, and non-labor income produces quality-of-life estimates different from the existing literature. The adjusted model produces city rankings positively correlated with those in the popular literature, and predicts how housing costs rise with wage levels, controlling for amenities. Mild seasons, sunshine, and coastal location account for most quality-of-life differences; once these amenities are accounted for, quality of life does not depend on city size, contrary to previous findings.
    JEL: H4 J3 Q51 Q54 R1
    Date: 2008–11
  8. By: Tanaka, Katsuya; Yoshida, Kentaro; Kawase, Yasushi
    Abstract: The objective of this study is to develop spatially-explicit choice model and investigate its validity and applicability in CA studies. This objective is achieved by applying locally-regressed geographically weighted regression (GWR) and GIS to survey data on hypothetical dogrun facilities (off-leash dog area) in urban recreational parks in Tokyo, Japan. Our results show that spatially-explicit conditional logit model developed in this study outperforms traditional model in terms of data fit and prediction accuracy. Our results also show that marginal willingness-to-pay for various attributes of dogrun facilities has significant spatial variation. Analytical procedure developed in this study can reveal spatially-varying individual preferences on attributes of urban park amenities, and facilitates area-specific decision makings in urban park planning.
    Keywords: Choice experiments, conjoint analysis, dogrun, geographically weighted regression, spatial econometrics, Research Methods/ Statistical Methods, Resource /Energy Economics and Policy,
    Date: 2008
  9. By: Das, Biswa R.; Rainey, Daniel V.
    Keywords: ARIMA, Agritourism Demand, Economic Impact Analysis, Rural Economic Development, Agribusiness, Community/Rural/Urban Development, R15, R58,
    Date: 2008

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