nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2008‒11‒04
seven papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Tourism - Part of Sustainable Local Development By Avramescu , Tiberiu Cristian; Popescu, Ramona Florina
  2. Measuring the demand for nature-based tourism in Africa: a choice experiment using the "cut-off" approach By Colombo, Sergio; Hanley, Nick; Bush, Glenn
  3. Tourism and Regional Competitiveness: the Case of the Portuguese Douro Valley By Argentino Pessoa
  4. Effects of Tourism on Venice: Commercial Changes over 30 Years By Francesco Zanini; Fabio Lando; Manuel Bellio
  5. The costs of a peak-load demand: an application to Gran Canaria airport By Ofelia Betancor; Juan Luis Jiménez; M. Pilar Socorro
  6. Accounting for Negative, Zero and Positive Willingness to Pay for Landscape Change in a National Park By Watson, Fiona; Kriström, Bengt; Colombo, Sergio; Hanley, Nick
  7. Impacto del sector privado en la eficiencia de los aeropuertos españoles By Roberto Rendeiro Martín-Cejas; Pedro González de la Fe; Beatriz Tovar

  1. By: Avramescu , Tiberiu Cristian; Popescu, Ramona Florina
    Abstract: Local development could be described as an attempt of global territorial development including economic, social, ultural, political aspects, encouraging the endogenous development -involving all human and financial means which contribute to it and assuring their convergence. It is a process based on the involvement of all interested actors (persons elected at local level, socio-professional groups, associative groups, initiators of projects on a certain territory) but also of the local population. Tourism is one of the most important branches in Romanian economy, having at its disposal a huge development potential. This field can represent a development chance for many areas. The diversity of tourism activities as well as the presence of some of them in the structure of other branches of economy offers tourism the character of an interference branch, having complex, ample connections with the other economic branches, connections that must be taken into account when local development strategies are drawn up. Local authorities are increasingly involved in the development and running of several aspects connected to tourism. This fact is based on the decentralizing tendency found in many countries, which refers to granting more responsibilities to local authorities. They know best what is important for the areas they manage and will do their best to achieve the local development objectives. At the same time, this reflects the stress laid on the involvement of communities in planning tourism and in the developing process of their areas. Tourism has many positive effects and contributes to the economic development of the areas that contain tourism sights directly and indirectly. The currency contribution of tourism, its contribution to forming the community’s income, the generation of business and employment opportunities are only a few of the aspects that show the part played by tourism in the overall economic development of an area. Tourism contributes to the sustainable local development. Tourism development must take place both in rural and urban environments.
    Keywords: local development; sustainable tourism; local communities
    JEL: L82 O18 H11
    Date: 2008–07–04
  2. By: Colombo, Sergio; Hanley, Nick; Bush, Glenn
    Abstract: Integrated Conservation and Development Plans (ICDPs) have been put forward as means of reconciling wildlife conservation in developing countries with improvements in community incomes. In this paper, we use the Choice Experiment approach to quantify overseas tourists' willingness to pay for attributes of nature-based tourism as part of an ICDP, focussing on visits to mountain gorilla areas in Rwanda. Contributions to community incomes are included as one attribute of the design. Methodologically, we employ a "cut-offs" approach to choice modelling to filter inconsistent responses and to reduce hypothetical market bias. Three major findings are that (i) many people choose options which violate their stated maximum trip price (ii) the cut-offs approach changes parameter estimates and thus willingness to pay estimates; and that (ii) that tourists do not have a significant demand for how much of tourism spending is channelled to local communities.
    Keywords: hypothetical market bias; mountain gorillas; Rwanda; cut-offs; choice experiments; nature-based tourism
    Date: 2008–06
  3. By: Argentino Pessoa (Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto)
    Abstract: Using a framework that articulates the most important factors of competitiveness to evaluate the regional economic strategies, and applying this framework to the Portuguese NUT III Douro, we show that this region is relatively weak in terms of internal linkages, subject to ageing and out-migration and lacking in innovation and entrepreneurship, apart from being isolated from mass markets. With these characteristics, to define only the priority to tourism is clearly insufficient for convergence. So, after assessing the results of such strategy, the paper ends with a conclusion that is extensive to other regions: the lagging regions, which are trying to converge with the more developed ones based on tourism, cannot only rely on a combination of environmental resources and marketing, but have to attend to other factors of competitiveness as well.
    Keywords: Douro Valley, environmental resources, regional competitiveness, tourism
    JEL: Q25 Q28 R19 R58
    Date: 2008–10
  4. By: Francesco Zanini (University Of Venice Cà Foscari); Fabio Lando (Department of Economics, University Of Venice Cà Foscari); Manuel Bellio (University Of Venice Cà Foscari)
    Abstract: Tourism is becoming one of the most important economic drivers in the urban context. With this in mind, several cities have tried to adapt their economies to satisfy the demands of the influx of tourism. The main consequences of this trend are the re-shaping of urban areas, with particular regard to art cities. This phenomenon is particularly evident in Venice’s historical city centre. In order to better comprehend the changes that have taken place, we have put together a research based analysis of the commercial structure of the city. Particular attention has been given to comparing and contrasting the retail business over the last thirty years.
    Keywords: commercial structure, historical city centre, retail, Venice
    JEL: R1 R11 R12
    Date: 2008
  5. By: Ofelia Betancor; Juan Luis Jiménez; M. Pilar Socorro
    Abstract: Many airports around the world suffer from peak-load demand problems. To meet demand at the peak periods, airports need to over-invest in capacity. However, the costs associated with the peak-load problem are not only those related to the new investment but much more extensive affecting other economic agents. We use data from the airport in Gran Canaria where the peaks in capacity are associated with tourist arrivals and departures. We estimate the costs that demand peaks impose not only on agents located inside the airport, but also to the society in general. The aim of this paper is to provide a methodology for analyzing the costs imposed on those agents and to explore alternative airport policies.
    Date: 2008–05
  6. By: Watson, Fiona; Kriström, Bengt; Colombo, Sergio; Hanley, Nick
    Abstract: In contingent valuation, despite the fact that many externalities manifest themselves as costs to some and benefits to others, most studies restrict willingness to pay to being non-negative. In this paper, we investigate the impact of allowing for negative, zero and positive preferences for prospective changes in woodland cover in two UK national parks, the Lake District and the Trossachs. An extended spike model is used to accomplish this. The policy implications of not allowing for negative values in terms of aggregate benefits are also investigated, by comparing the extended spike model with a simple spike making use of only zero and positive bids, and a model which considers positive bids only. We find that ignoring negative values over-states the aggregate benefits of a woodland planting project by up to 44%.
    Keywords: spike models; negative WTP; national parks; contingent valuation
    Date: 2008–06
  7. By: Roberto Rendeiro Martín-Cejas; Pedro González de la Fe; Beatriz Tovar
    Abstract: Este trabajo valora la eficiencia del sector privado en la provisión de servicios en los aeropuertos españoles. En primer lugar se revisa la evolución del modelo de gestión de aeropuertos a nivel internacional, destacándose aquellos aspectos que han tenido mayor impacto en los resultados económicos de la industria aeroportuaria. Posteriormente se describe la evolución del modelo de gestión de los aeropuertos españoles, valorando la participación del sector privado en la prestación de servicios auxiliares. Esta valoración se realiza mediante la estimación de una frontera de eficiencia que permitirá cuantificar en qué medida dicha participación ha sido o no positiva. Se utiliza un enfoque paramétrico y se estima una función distancia.
    Date: 2008–05

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