nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2008‒08‒14
four papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Bowling in Hawaii: Examining the Effectiveness of Sports-Based Tourism Strategies By Robert Baumann; Victor Matheson; Chihiro Muroi
  2. Climate change, environmental taxes and the future of tourist destinations of beach and sun By Cirer-Costa, Joan Carles
  4. Big Men on Campus: Estimating the Economic Impact of College Sports on Local Economies By Robert Baade; Robert Baumann; Victor Matheson

  1. By: Robert Baumann (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross); Victor Matheson (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross); Chihiro Muroi (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross)
    Abstract: We use daily airplane arrival data from Hawaii’s Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism to determine the net change in tourism for a variety of sporting events. We find two events generate a positive and significant net impact on arrivals: Honolulu Marathon and Pro Bowl. We estimate that the Honolulu Marathon produces between 2,183 and 6,519 in net arrivals while the Pro Bowl attracts about 5,595 to 6,725 in net arrivals. At the upper end of our estimates, the Honolulu Marathon and the Pro Bowl attract a nearly identical number of visitors despite the fact that the HTA spends nearly two-thirds of its budget on the rights to the Pro Bowl and spends nothing for the Hawaii Marathon. Neither event attracts the number of net arrivals claimed by its sponsor, and other sporting events do not generate any identifiable impact on tourist arrivals whatsoever.
    Keywords: sports, stadiums, impact analysis, mega-event, tourism, marathons, Pro Bowl
    JEL: L83 O18 R53
    Date: 2008–08
  2. By: Cirer-Costa, Joan Carles
    Abstract: This paper proposes that in the near future –from now to 2020– the prices of aviation fuels shall undergo dramatic increases due to the fact that energy will become more expensive on global level and, most of all, due to the severe imposition of tax burden provoked by the necessity of lowering the impact of air transport over climate change. From this starting point the increase of costs it is estimated that they will bring along two destinations such as sun and beach, for this reason Ibiza and Punta Cana. The paper also shows sufficient material to evaluate the impact of the increase of aviation fuel over other destinations such as the Canary Islands, Cancun and the Seychelles. The project incorporates features as the future technological evolution of commercial aviation and the incidence of the new tax philosophy already tested by the European Union concerning this mean of transport.
    Keywords: Climate change, tourism, aviation, environmental taxes, fuel prices
    JEL: Q01
    Date: 2008–05
  3. By: Lau, Evan; Oh, Swee-Ling; Hu, Sing-Sing
    Abstract: This study empirically investigates the comovements and the causality relationship between tourist arrivals and economic growth in Sarawak during the period of 1972 to 2004. The empirical evidence clearly shows that the long run causality running from tourist arrivals to economic growth in the estimation period. As one of the income generator for Sarawak, the findings are consistent with economic theory and proffer important policy conclusions.
    JEL: C32 O10
    Date: 2008–08–06
  4. By: Robert Baade (Department of Economics and Business, Lake Forest College); Robert Baumann (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross); Victor Matheson (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross)
    Abstract: College football and men’s basketball are the largest revenue generators in college athletics. Studies funded by athletic boosters tout the economic benefits of a college athletic program as an incentive for host cities to construct new stadiums or arenas at considerable public expense. Our analysis of the economic impact of home football and men’s basketball games on Tallahassee (home of Florida State University) and Gainesville (home of the University of Florida) between 1980 to early-2007 fails to support these claims. Men’s basketball games at these universities have no statistically significant impact on taxable sales, while football yields a modest gain of $2 to $3 million per home game. While this positive finding is one of the first in the academic literature of the impact of sports, these gains pale in comparison to the figures in many of the studies funded by athletic boosters.
    Keywords: sports, basketball, football, college sports, impact analysis, mega-event
    JEL: L83 O18 R53
    Date: 2007–08

This nep-tur issue is ©2008 by Antonello Scorcu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.