nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2008‒05‒17
two papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Usages of the internet and e-tourism. Towards a new economy of tourism By Christian Longhi
  2. The American Invasion of Europe: The Long Term Rise in Overseas Travel, 1820-2000 By Brandon Dupont; Alka Gandhi; Thomas J. Weiss

  1. By: Christian Longhi (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - CNRS : UMR6227 - Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis)
    Abstract: This paper analyses the impact of internet on the organization of industry and the market<br />dynamics in the tourism activities, focusing in the European scene. Tourism incorporates many features of<br />the contemporaneous information and communication economy. Even if e-tourism still stands for a small<br />share of the whole tourism activity, the paper establishes that the internet basically explains the<br />organization of the activities and markets that emerge today. A relevant analytical framework able to<br />apprehend these dynamics is first defined. The concept of sectoral system of production and innovation is<br />shown to provide a relevant analytical framework to grasp the basic changes of the tourism industry. The<br />paper enlightens on this basis the evolution resulting from the emergence of e-tourism and the uses of<br />internet, their impacts on the coordination of the activities and the markets, with a special focus on the<br />European case
    Keywords: Tourism; Sectoral Systems of Production and Innovation;ICT; Virtual Communities; GDS
    Date: 2008
  2. By: Brandon Dupont; Alka Gandhi; Thomas J. Weiss
    Abstract: Tourism today is an activity of substantial economic importance worldwide, and has been for some time. Tourism is also of substantial economic importance in the United States, sufficient to warrant the Bureau of Economic Analysis's establishing special accounts on travel and tourism. In this paper we investigate the long term rise in overseas travel by Americans. Over the course of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries the number of Americans going abroad rose from less than 2,000 travelers to over 26 million. The industry went from one confined to the elite of American society to what some have described as mass tourism. We document this rise by compiling a long term series on overseas travel, and describe the changes in the composition of the travelers, their destinations, and their mode of travel. We use an Error Correction Model to explain how the increase came about.
    JEL: N7 N71 N72
    Date: 2008–05

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