nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2008‒03‒08
four papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Place Marketing, Governance and Tourism Development. Or How to Design the Perfect Regional Tourist Board? By Jan van der Borg
  2. Tourism in Azores Islands: Persistence in the Monthly Arrivals By Carlos P. Barros; Luis A. Gil-Alana; Carlos M. Santos
  3. Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Strategies In Italy. An Economic Assessment By Alessandra Sgobbi; Carlo Carraro
  4. Regional Opportunities and Policy Initiatives for New Venture Creation By Verheul, I.; Carree, M.A.; Santarelli, E.

  1. By: Jan van der Borg (Department of Economics, University Of Venice Cà Foscari)
    Abstract: The principal scope of this paper is to reconstruct the chain-of-command that regards the implementation of a regional tourism development strategy, in particular the tourism marketing policy. Starting point of the analysis was the assumption that the quality of the governance of these organisations is one of the factors that may explain the success of a tourist destination. Thereto, an international comparative study into the role of the organizational structure, of organizing capacity and of governance on the effectiveness of tourism promotion and territorial marketing was organised. By comparing four different case studies, Catalunya (E), Rhone-Alpes (F), Scotland (UK) and Trentino (I), worst and best practices have been identified, and an answer to the question whether there exists such a thing as an ideally structured organisation that deals with territorial and tourism marketing at the regional level has been sought.
    Keywords: Tourism Marketing, Governance, Regional Tourist Organisations, Tourism Policy
    JEL: L83 L88 M31 R11 R58
    Date: 2008
  2. By: Carlos P. Barros; Luis A. Gil-Alana; Carlos M. Santos
    Abstract: This study analyses the persistence in the international monthly arrivals to the Azores Islands using a model based on fractional integration and seasonal autoregressions. The estimated fractional differencing parameter gives an indication of the long run evolution of the series. We use both aggregate data and disaggregate monthly data by location of origin and island destination. The results show that the aggregate series corresponding to the total number of arrivals is a nonstationary I(d) process with d above 1, and the most persistent ones are those travelling to Säo Miguel, especially from Holland, Finland, Norway, Germany, Denmark and the UK.
    Keywords: Monthly arrivals; Seasonal fractional integration; Persistence; Azores Islands.
    Date: 2008–02
  3. By: Alessandra Sgobbi (Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei); Carlo Carraro (University of Venice, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, CEPR, CEPS, CMCC and CESifo)
    Abstract: In this paper, the economic value of the impacts of climate change is assessed for different Italian economic sectors and regions. Sectoral and regional impacts are then aggregated to provide a macroeconomic estimate of variations in GDP induced by climate change in the next decades. Autonomous adaptation induced by changes in relative prices and in stocks of natural and economic resources is fully taken into account. The model also considers international trade effects. Results show that in Italy aggregate GDP losses induced by climate change are likely to be small. However, some economic sectors (e.g. tourism) and the alpine regions will suffer significant economic damages.
    Keywords: Impacts, Climate Change, Adaptation, GDP Losses, Tourism
    JEL: O13 Q43 Q5 R13
    Date: 2008–01
  4. By: Verheul, I.; Carree, M.A.; Santarelli, E. (Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), RSM Erasmus University)
    Abstract: This paper investigates the determinants of new venture creation across industries and locations for 103 Italian provinces between 1997 and 2003. We allow for differences in regional opportunities across industries and investigate the impact of a range of factors on entrepreneurship in different industries: manufacturing, retailing and wholesaling, hotels and restaurants. Our results show that wage costs deter entry in manufacturing and that regions with industrial districts are characterized by higher start-up rates. Firm entry in commercial sectors appears higher in large cities and areas with strong economic progress. For hotels and restaurants we find that tourism positively influences new firm formation. In terms of policy we do not find a significant effect of recently introduced regional laws promoting new firm formation.
    Keywords: venture creation;policy initiatives;Italian provinces
    Date: 2007–12–17

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