nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2007‒11‒17
five papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
University of Bologna

  1. Holiday Destinations: Understanding the Travel Choices of Irish By Seán Lyons; Karen Mayor; Richard S.J. Tol
  2. Tourism as Mass-media: a suitable global Tool acting locally - a possible Option to appraise the European Heritage on the 21st Century By rotariu, ilie
  3. Second Homes vs. Hotels: a Suggestion for a Self-enforcing Policy By Guido Candela; Massimiliano Castellani; Maurizio Mussoni
  4. Why do ICDPs fail? The relationship between subsistence farming, poaching and eco- tourism in wildlife and habitat conservation By Ralph Winkler
  5. I distretti del gusto: Nuovi sistemi produttivi di loisir, tra deficit di politiche e i nuovi processi di sviluppo locale By Bortoletti Nico; Minardi Everardo

  1. By: Seán Lyons (Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI)); Karen Mayor (Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI)); Richard S.J. Tol (Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI))
    Abstract: This paper uses a McFadden choice model to measure the importance of destination, household and seasonal characteristics on the tourism destination choices of Irish households. The analysis is based on quarterly survey data of Irish households’ travel destinations between 2000 and 2006. In total, some 55 000 holiday trips were observed. Destination characteristics such as temperature, GDP and coastline are found to positively influence choice probabilities, while population density and distance have a negative effect on choice. Household specific characteristics such as the numbers of people over 60 and children in a household are found to be important. We also identify differences in preferences across seasons and a change over time of the effect of destination country GDP on Irish holiday destination choices.
    Keywords: International Tourism, Ireland, Demand Modelling
    JEL: D12 L83
    Date: 2007–09
  2. By: rotariu, ilie
    Abstract: During the sixties, tourism has turned into a mass movement. By comparison with the mass media, we can identify all basic characteristics of the latter: a location where the message is elaborated to be then spread through specific channels of distribution bearing in mind the same goals. Moreover, tourism as mass media allows the "target" to check the information on location during the trip, a kind of feed back that makes the information the more trustworthy. Virtual tourism has brought new challenges
    Keywords: mass media; tourism; virtual tourism
    JEL: A12
    Date: 2000
  3. By: Guido Candela (University of Bologna and The Rimini Centre for Economics Analysis, Italy.); Massimiliano Castellani (University of Bologna and The Rimini Centre for Economics Analysis, Italy.); Maurizio Mussoni (University of Bologna and The Rimini Centre for Economics Analysis, Italy.)
    Abstract: We set up a theoretical model, in which the policy maker of a tourism destination has to choose how to allocate the limited natural resource landbetween private holiday accommodations (i.e. second homes) or hotels. In a framework of partial equilibrium, the policy maker minimizes a loss function which measures the loss of political consensus and is de ned by a linear combination of the policy maker and the local community preferences. We can obtain both a corner solution, in which we have extreme choices of only holiday houses or only hotels, and an internal solution, in which we have a linear combination of them. To do that the policy maker can use as economic policy instruments either standard policies (indirect control - a Pigou tax - or direct control - regulation) or non-standard policies (a reinvestment commitment of the …rm in the tourism destination). The final policy maker decision was made by assessing the welfare consequences of the policy implications.
    Date: 2007–07
  4. By: Ralph Winkler (CER-ETH – Center of Economic Research at ETH Zurich)
    Abstract: In this paper we investigate the reasons why integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs) fail to achieve their conservation goals. We develop a bio-economic model of open access land and wildlife exploitation, which is consistent with many farming and hunting societies living in close proximity to forest reserves in developing countries. We show that the ICDP creates incentives to conserve habitat and wildlife, but, in general, the socially optimal level of conservation cannot be achieved, because of externalities among the local communities. We show how a social planner can achieve the socially optimal levels of habitat and wildlife by a more encompassing tax/subsidy regime.
    Keywords: bio-economic modelling, competing land-use, ecotourism, integrated conservation and development projects, poaching, wildlife and habitat conservation
    JEL: Q56 O13 H23
    Date: 2007–11
  5. By: Bortoletti Nico; Minardi Everardo
    Abstract: Sulla scorta di una revisione critica dei concetti di loisir, territorio, distretto, fiducia comunitaria, creatività, innovazione sociale, vengono ipotizzati dei distretti di produzione del gusto come elementi con dinamiche produttive assimilabili a quelle avute nelle regioni della c.d. Terza Italia, ma con uno specifico produttivo rivolto verso la dimensione estetica e simbolica dei territori. Vengono posti in evidenza alcuni meccanismi regolativi di questa nuova dimensione che viene evidenziata essere una dimensione non necessariamente alternativa ma co-esistente alla dimensione classica dello sviluppo economico locale. Vengono infine rilevati alcuni problemi di governance del locale che influenzano (negativamente) l’affermarsi di queste nuove forme di fruizione estetica dei luoghi, ma che possono trovare parziale soluzione nei processi di empowerment della partecipazione e della conoscenza comunitaria.
    Date: 2007–11

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