nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2006‒03‒18
two papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
Universita di Bologna

  1. Estimating Peak Demand for Beach Parking Spaces By Christopher F. Dumas; James H. Herstine; Robert B. Buerger; Jeffery M. Hill; John C. Whitehead
  2. Measuring trends in leisure: the allocation of time over five decades By Mark Aguiar; Erik Hurst

  1. By: Christopher F. Dumas; James H. Herstine; Robert B. Buerger; Jeffery M. Hill; John C. Whitehead
    Abstract: The United States Army Corps of Engineers planning guidance stipulates that in order for local beach communities to qualify for Federal cost share funds for Hurricane and Storm Damage Reduction beach renourishment projects, the community must provide public beach access and parking to satisfy peak demand. This study presents a method for estimating peak demand for beach parking spaces in the presence of parking constraints. A Tobit regression model is developed to estimate the number of parking spaces that would be necessary to meet unconstrained demand on a given percentage of peak demand days. For example, the model can be used to estimate the number of parking spaces that would be adequate to meet peak demand on 90% of peak parking days. The Tobit model provides a promising framework for estimating peak parking demand under constrained parking conditions, a situation that characterizes most beach communities.
    Date: 2006
  2. By: Mark Aguiar; Erik Hurst
    Abstract: In this paper, we use five decades of time-use surveys to document trends in the allocation of time. We document that a dramatic increase in leisure time lies behind the relatively stable number of market hours worked (per working-age adult) between 1965 and 2003. Specifically, we document that leisure for men increased by 6-8 hours per week (driven by a decline in market work hours) and for women by 4-8 hours per week (driven by a decline in home production work hours). This increase in leisure corresponds to roughly an additional 5 to 10 weeks of vacation per year, assuming a 40-hour work week. We also find that leisure increased during the last 40 years for a number of sub-samples of the population, with less-educated adults experiencing the largest increases. Lastly, we document a growing “inequality” in leisure that is the mirror image of the growing inequality of wages and expenditures, making welfare calculation based solely on the latter series incomplete.
    Keywords: Leisure ; Hours of labor
    Date: 2006

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