nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2005‒12‒20
two papers chosen by
Antonello Scorcu
Universita di Bologna

  1. Tolerance, aesthetics, amenities or jobs? Dutch city attraction to the creative class By Gerard Marlet; Clemens van Woerkens
  2. Protecting Cultural Monuments Against Terrorism By Bruno S. Frey; Dominic Rohner

  1. By: Gerard Marlet; Clemens van Woerkens
    Abstract: Richard Florida stated that it is not (only) job opportunities or urban amenities which attract creative high-educated people to cities but, rather, tolerance and aesthetics. We have tested this hypothesis in a cross section of Dutch cities. Our conclusion is that the tolerance/creative class nexus empirically fails to materialize for the Netherlands. However, the aesthetic assets of cities do provide a strong explanation for both share and growth of the creative class in Dutch cities. Beside that, job opportunities and urban amenities are still the most important factors influencing the choice for a place of residence.
    Keywords: urban economics, human capital, creative class, tolerance, urban amenities, city aesthetics
    Date: 2005–12
  2. By: Bruno S. Frey; Dominic Rohner
    Abstract: Famous cultural monuments are often regarded as unique icons, making them an attractive target for terrorists. Despite huge military and police outlays, terrorist attacks on important monuments can hardly be avoided. We argue that an effective strategy for discouraging terrorist attacks on iconic monuments is for the government to show a firm commitment to swift reconstruction. Using a simple game-theoretic model, we demonstrate how a credible claim to rebuild any cultural monuments destroyed discourages terrorist attacks by altering the terrorists’ expectations and by increasing the government’s reputation costs if they fail to rebuild.
    Keywords: Terrorism; Culture; Monuments; Counter-terrorism; Deterrence.
    JEL: D74 H56 Z10
    Date: 2005–11

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