nep-tur New Economics Papers
on Tourism Economics
Issue of 2005‒10‒15
two papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Universita degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Attractiveness and Effectiveness of Competing Tourist Areas: A Study on Italian Provinces By Cracolici, M. Francesca; Nijkamp, Peter
  2. Who Expects the Municipalities to Take the Initiative in Tourism Development? Residents' Attitudes of Amami Oshima Island in Japan By Noriko Ishikawa; Mototsugu Fukushige

  1. By: Cracolici, M. Francesca (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Econometrie (Free University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics Sciences, Business Administration and Economitrics); Nijkamp, Peter
    Abstract: Tourism has become a wide-spread phenomenon in our age and a focal point of economic policy of many regions competing for the favours of tourists. Consequently, competitiveness of tourist destinations has received increasing interest in economic research with a view to the identification of the user attractiveness of a tourist area. The present paper is inspired by the conceptual competitiveness model developed by Crouch and Ritchie and presents an attempt to assess the relative attractiveness of tourist destinations on the basis of aggregate tourist strength of competing destinations. The main novelty of the present work is formed by the micro-based foundation of tourism attractiveness of competing areas (regions, cities, sites, etc.). The methodology deployed here uses individual survey questionnaires on the tourist' evaluation of the supply of tourist facilities and attributes in a given area (the 'regional tourist profile') as the basis for constructing an aggregate expression for the relative attractiveness of this area. The paper seeks then to estimate the competitive attractiveness of Southern regions in Italy and compares next findings on tourist effectiveness with results on tourist efficiency from a previous study
    Keywords: Tourism; Italy; Competition
    JEL: L83
    Date: 2005
  2. By: Noriko Ishikawa (Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kobe University); Mototsugu Fukushige (Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University)
    Abstract: Regional tourism policies in Japan have been undergoing major structural changes. We investigate the extent to which residents of the Amami Islands expect the municipality to take the initiative in implementing or financing tourism development policies. A binary choice approach is used to model individual survey responses in terms of respondents' socioeconomic characteristics. Residents who expect the municipality to promote tourism and industrial development have a significantly different socioeconomic status. Respondents most likely to expect the municipality to take the lead in policy making include executive officers or employees of a private company, the unemployed, the self-employed, or part-time workers. Government employees are not likely to have this expectation. In terms of the funding authority, the likelihood that a resident expects the municipality to take an industrial development initiative increases as the annual income per resident increases.
    Keywords: Tourism Development, Industrial Development, Residents' Attitudes
    JEL: O23 R58 Q56 L83
    Date: 2005–10

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