nep-tra New Economics Papers
on Transition Economics
Issue of 2013‒03‒09
six papers chosen by
J. David Brown
IZA (Institute for the Study of Labor)

  1. Skilled labor flows : lessons from the European Union By Kahanec, Martin
  2. Carbon-based Border Tax Adjustments and China’s International Trade: Analysis based on a Dynamic Computable General Equilibrium Model By Ling Tang; Qin Bao; ZhongXiang Zhang; Shouyang Wang
  3. Promoting business process management excellence in Russia: Proceedings and report of the PropelleR 2012 Workshop held in Moscow, April 24 to 26, 2012 By Becker, Jörg (Ed.); Matzner, Martin (Ed.)
  4. How reliable and consistent are subjective measures of welfare in Europe and Central Asia ? evidence from the second life in transition survey By Cojocaru, Alexandru; Diagne, Mame Fatou
  5. Russia's food security and climate change: Looking into the future By Kiselev, Sergey; Romashkin, Roman; Nelson, Gerald C.; Mason-D'Croz, Daniel; Palazzo, Amanda
  6. The Degree of the Polish and Slovak equity market integration with the euro area equity market By Slawomir Ireneusz Bukowski

  1. By: Kahanec, Martin
    Abstract: This study evaluates European Union (EU) experience of the mobility of skilled labor migrants after the 2004 and 2007 EU enlargements and from the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) countries. The study concludes that migration generally improves the allocated efficiency of labor markets and there is little if any evidence of statistically significant or economically relevant negative aggregate effects of migration on receiving labor markets. While outflow of young and skilled workers may pose risks to sending countries'economic prospects and public finance, circular migration, brain gain, and remittances attenuate such risks, and have the potential to become powerful engines of convergence. Obstructive legislation and ill-designed migration policies impede migration and deprive sending and receiving of such potential benefits.
    Keywords: Population Policies,Labor Markets,Labor Policies,Health Monitoring&Evaluation,Voluntary and Involuntary Resettlement
    Date: 2013–02–01
  2. By: Ling Tang; Qin Bao; ZhongXiang Zhang; Shouyang Wang
    Abstract: With large shares in global trade and carbon emissions, China’s international trade is supposed to be significantly affected by the proposed carbon-based border tax adjustments (BTAs). This paper examines the impacts of BTAs imposed by USA and EU on China’s international trade, based on a multi-sector dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. The simulation results suggest that BTAs would have a negative impact on China’s international trade in terms of large losses in both exports and imports. As an additional border tariff, BTAs will directly affect China’s exports by cutting down exports price level, whereas Chinese exporting enterprises will accordingly modify their strategies, significantly shifting from exports to domestic markets and from regions with BTAs policies towards other regions without them. Moreover, BTAs will affect China’s total imports and sectoral import through influencing the whole economy in an indirect but more intricate way. Furthermore, the simulation results for coping policies indicate that enhancing China’s power in world price determination and improving energy technology efficiency will effectively help mitigate the damages caused by BTAs.
    Keywords: Border carbon tax adjustments; International trade; Dynamic computable general equilibrium model; Price determination power; Technological change
    JEL: D58 F18 Q43 Q48 Q52 Q54 Q56 Q58
    Date: 2013–01
  3. By: Becker, Jörg (Ed.); Matzner, Martin (Ed.)
    Abstract: BPM research has been of great importance in Germany since the early 1990s. In Russia, increased competition and new IT possibilities have only recently forced both companies and governmental institutions to start taking benefits from BPM. Against this background, the workshop PropelleR 2012 brought together German and Russian BPM researchers as well as practitioners in order to discuss recent BPM trends and challenges. The guiding question addressed by PropelleR 2012 was: 'How can the growing complexity of business processes in German-Russian relations be addressed by a holistic BPM approach?' This report includes a set of articles that reflect the PropelleR workshop participants' viewpoints on this question. --
    Keywords: Business Process Management,PropelleR,Russia,German-Russian Year of Science 2011/2012
    Date: 2013
  4. By: Cojocaru, Alexandru; Diagne, Mame Fatou
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the reliability and consistency of subjective well-being measures. Using the Life in Transition Survey, which was administered in 34 countries of Europe and Central Asia in 2006 and 2010, the paper evaluates subjective well-being measures (satisfaction with life and subjective relative income position) against objective measures of welfare based on consumption and assets. It uses the different formulations of life satisfaction in the survey to test robustness to alternative framing and scaling. It also explores within-household differences in subjective well-being assessments. The analysis finds that subjective relative income is weakly correlated with household relative welfare position as measured by consumption or assets. Life satisfaction, by contrast, is highly correlated with objective and subjective measures of household welfare. It generally reflects cross-country differences in average consumption, assets, or per capita gross domestic product, although Central Asian countries report much higher life satisfaction levels than their incomes would suggest. Two alternative measures of life satisfaction are highly correlated and the correspondence between verbal and numeric scales is strong within a country or groupings of similar countries. Within households, subjective assessments of relative income are roughly consistent but measurement error is correlated with individual characteristics (gender and age of respondents), which could cause systematic biases in the analysis.
    Keywords: Access to Finance,Economic Theory&Research,Rural Poverty Reduction,Investment and Investment Climate,Inequality
    Date: 2013–02–01
  5. By: Kiselev, Sergey; Romashkin, Roman; Nelson, Gerald C.; Mason-D'Croz, Daniel; Palazzo, Amanda
    Abstract: Global climate change presents long-term risks to agriculture. In general, global climate change is expected to positively affect Russian agriculture. In high and middle latitudes, global warming would expand the growing season. Acreages of agricultural crops may expand toward the north, although yields would likely be lower due to less fertile soil. However, in the south there is a possibility of drier climate, which has a negative impact on crop yields and livestock productivity. In addition, climate change is expected to increase the scarcity of water resources and encourage weed and pest proliferation, and it is expected to increase the short-term risks associated with an increase in extreme weather events and natural disasters. This paper uses data on current conditions to simulate future scenarios and examine possible impacts on crop production in the Russian Federation. It also considers adaptive measures for agriculture in response to climate change. --
    Keywords: climate change,agriculture,food security,IMPACT model
    JEL: Q17 Q18 Q24 Q25 Q54
    Date: 2013
  6. By: Slawomir Ireneusz Bukowski
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to outline results of investigations into the degree of the Polish and Slovak equity market integration with the euro area equity market. In investigations was used monthly data from the 1999:01-2011:12 period concerning the yield performance of the following indices: WIG, DJ EUROSTOXX, DOW JONES COMPOSITE AVERAGE and SAX. The model of the “increased impact of the common information component on equity market yields” estimated by means of GARCH (1,1) was used as a measure of the equity market integration. In the period from 1999 to 2009, the Polish equity market was more integrated with the global market than with the euro area equity market. On the other hand, the Slovak equity market was more integrated with the global market in the 1999-2004 period whereas in the years 2005-2011 its higher integration degree with the euro area equity market was noted accompanied by a low integration degree with the global market.
    Keywords: stock exchange, degree of equity market integration, yield, price- based measures, news-based measures, ratio of variance
    JEL: G10 G15 G19
    Date: 2013–01–28

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