nep-tra New Economics Papers
on Transition Economics
Issue of 2007‒11‒17
ten papers chosen by
J. David Brown
Heriot-Watt University

  1. Resource abundance and regional development in China: By Zhang, Xiaobo; Xing, Li; Fan, Shenggen; Luo, Xiaopeng
  2. Economic performance of Vietnam, 1976-2000: New evidence from input-output model By Pham Quang Ngoc; Bui Trinh; Thanh Duc Nguyen
  3. Family strategies, labor market behavior and fertility in modern Russia By Kartseva Marina; Sinavskaya Oksana; Zakharov Sergey
  4. Food Markets in Russia. Dynamics of Their Integration By Gluschenko, Konstantin; Khimich, Alexandra
  5. Impacts of Competitive Position on Export Propensity and Intensity: An Empirical Study of Manufacturing Firms in China By Fung, Hung-gay; Gao, Gerald Yong; Lu, Jiangyong; Mano, Haim
  6. China's Agricultural Crisis and Famine of 1959-61: A Survey and Comparison to Soviet Famines By Dennis Tao Yang
  7. The evaluation of health care system in Ukraine in the context of structural and quality-enhancing reforms By Betliy Oleksandra; Kuziakiv Oksana; Onishchenko Katerina
  8. Transport Costs and the Size of Cities: the Case of Russia By Albrecht Kauffmann
  9. The system of disability benefits in Russia. Estimation of targeting accuracy By Merkuryeva Irina
  10. A Divergent Path of Industrial Upgrading: Emergence and Evolution of the Mobile Handset Industry in China By Imai, Ken'ichi; Shiu, Jingming

  1. By: Zhang, Xiaobo; Xing, Li; Fan, Shenggen; Luo, Xiaopeng
    Abstract: "Over the past several decades, China has made tremendous progress in market integration and infrastructure development. Demand for natural resources has increased from the booming coastal economies, causing the terms of trade to favor the resource sector, which is predominantly based in the interior regions of the country. However, the gap in economic development level between the coastal and inland regions has widened significantly. In this paper, using a panel data set at the provincial level, we show that Chinese provinces with abundant resources perform worse than their resource-poor counterparts in terms of per capita consumption growth. This trend that resource-poor areas are better off than resource-rich areas is particularly prominent in rural areas. Because of the institutional arrangements regarding property rights of natural resources, most gains from the resource boom have been captured either by the government or state owned enterprises. Thus, the windfall of natural resources has more to do with government consumption than household consumption. Moreover, in resource-rich areas, greater revenues accrued from natural resources bid up the price of non-tradable goods and hurt the competitiveness of the local economy." from Authors' Abstract
    Keywords: Regional inequality, Resource curse, Dutch disease, Property rights,
    Date: 2007
  2. By: Pham Quang Ngoc (Development and Policies Research Center, 216 Tran Quang Khai Street, Hanoi,Vietnam); Bui Trinh (Vietnam General Statistical Office - Ministry of Planning and Investment, Vietnam); Thanh Duc Nguyen (National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS), Tokyo, Japan)
    Abstract: This study provides a concise introduction to the economic history of Vietnam from 1976 to present. We identify different phases of the development of the Vietnamese economy, from its unification after a Vietnam war to the current phases of the transition (1989-2000) and propose a specific pattern of transition in the case of Vietnam. This research is the first attempt to make a synthesis quantitative analysis of socio-economic aggregate data during different phases of the Vietnamese economy in 1986-2000, in which different national input-output tables (1989, 1996 and 2000) in constant prices have been employed. The economic performances are investigated from three aspects: (i) evolution of domestic final demand; (ii) evolution of international trade structure and (iii) the technological change. The analysis shows economic history of Vietnam from 1986 up to present as a continuous evolutionary process and integration in to the international market is inevitable. Government programmes only played a vital role of accommodator to the economic changes of the Vietnamese economy.
    Keywords: Input-output analysis, Vietnamese economy, Economic history, Transition economy, Macro-economic policy
    JEL: C67 N15 P27 E60
    Date: 2007–06
  3. By: Kartseva Marina; Sinavskaya Oksana; Zakharov Sergey
    Abstract: Poor in Russia are mainly families with children mostly because of the unemployment or inactivity of a parent. This project is aimed at revealing typical models of demographic and labor market behavior and understanding how decisions regarding family formation and labor force participation are synchronized at the household level.
    Date: 2007–07–26
  4. By: Gluschenko, Konstantin (Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia); Khimich, Alexandra (Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia)
    Abstract: In the context of integrated market, a price of any product in regions depends on its demand in a national market rather than in a regional one. Applying the econometric model based on this theoretical statement, the paper assesses to degree the markets of some food products are integrated. The fact that since nearly 1994 the growth of segmentation in such markets changes to the tendency of their integration has been observed. We conclude that there is an integrated food market in Russia; and its integration has been just the same as that one in the countries of developed market economy.
    Keywords: Price dispersion, Market integration, Food markets, Russia, Russian regions
    JEL: K49 P22 P37 R19
    Date: 2007–11
  5. By: Fung, Hung-gay; Gao, Gerald Yong; Lu, Jiangyong; Mano, Haim
    Abstract: We examine the impacts of competitive industry position on firms’ export propensity and intensity in China. Drawing on the resource-based view and the structure-conduct-performance paradigm of firm behavior, we investigate whether firms with competitive industry position through cost leadership or differentiation strategy have different export behaviors. We use a longitudinal data of 213,662 manufacturing firms in China from 1998 to 2005 to show that firms that have developed competitive advantages in the domestic market are more likely to export and have higher levels of export intensity. Indigenous and foreign manufacturing firms exhibit different patterns of export behaviors. Foreign firms with differentiation advantages focus on local market expansion instead of seeking opportunity in export markets.
    JEL: F18
    Date: 2007–07
  6. By: Dennis Tao Yang
    Abstract: China?s Great Leap Forward (GLF) of 1958-61, a campaign of unprecedented mobilization efforts to achieve rapid industrialization, ended as a catastrophe. National grain production collapsed and a widespread famine claimed millions of human lives. This paper reviews a growing economic literature on this historical crisis. While multiple causes are hypothesized, empirical findings suggest that the collapse of grain production was primarily attributable to a systematic failure in central planning, involving the diversion of agricultural resources to industry and excessive grain procurements that precipitated malnutrition among peasants and decimation of labor productivity. The resulting decline in grain availability, as well as urban bias in China?s food distribution system, became the main culprits of the enormous famine. In light of the Chinese experience, this paper also explores the role of defective planning in the Soviet famines of 1931-3 and 1947.
    Keywords: central planning, food supply, famine, urban bias, China, USSR
    Date: 2007
  7. By: Betliy Oleksandra; Kuziakiv Oksana; Onishchenko Katerina
    Abstract: Sound panel data analysis both on the macro and micro levels intends to define key macro and micro determinants of health of the population and quality of health services. The research will contribute to development of quality-enhancing policies in health sector on regional level and on the level of medical establishments.
    Date: 2007–07–26
  8. By: Albrecht Kauffmann
    Date: 2007–11
  9. By: Merkuryeva Irina
    Abstract: The project addresses the discrepancies between recognized disability status and actual health condition of Russians, evaluates the targeting efficiency of disability benefits, and investigates the factors that determine individual behavior leading to inconsistency between the degree of incurred health damage and the status within the social security system.
    JEL: J10 J14 I12
    Date: 2007–11–06
  10. By: Imai, Ken'ichi; Shiu, Jingming
    Abstract: Starting from almost null in the late 1990s, China’s mobile phone handset industry has grown to account for more than 40 percent of the current world production. While export growth has been overwhelmingly led by multi-national corporations (MNCs), increasingly fierce competition in the domestic market ignited by the advent of local handset makers has induced unique industrial evolution: (1) outgrowth of independent design houses specialized in handset development and (2) emergence of IC fabless ventures that design core ICs for handsets. In the background of this evolutionary industrial growth there are factors such as, the scale and increasing diversity of China’s domestic market that advantages local firms vis-à-vis MNCs; modularization of handset and semiconductor technologies; policy interventions that supports local startups. The emergence and evolution of China’s handset industry is likely to have international implications as the growth of the global demand for low-cost and multi-function mobile phone handsets is expected to accelerate. Thus, our case suggests that the conventional view of latecomer industrialization and upgrading that emphasizes the key role of international production networks organized by MNCs needs to be modified in order to accommodate China’s rise into perspective.
    Keywords: Industrial upgrading, China’s industrial growth, China, Telephone, Information services industry
    JEL: L1 L6 O1 O3 P2
    Date: 2007–10

This nep-tra issue is ©2007 by J. David Brown. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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