nep-tid New Economics Papers
on Technology and Industrial Dynamics
Issue of 2017‒09‒24
nine papers chosen by
Fulvio Castellacci
Universitetet i Oslo

  1. Eco-innovation strategies: Spanish service and manufacturing firms By Jové Llopis, Elisenda; Segarra Blasco, Agustí, 1958-
  2. Measuring the Spillovers of Venture Capital By Schnitzer, Monika; Watzinger, Martin
  3. Productivity, technical efficiency and technological change in French agriculture during 2002-2014: A Färe-Primont index decomposition By K Hervé Dakpo; Yann Desjeux; Philippe Jeanneaux; Laure Latruffe
  4. European R&D networks: A snapshot from the 7th EU Framework Programme By Sara Amoroso; Alex Coad; Nicola Grassano
  5. Relatedness, Knowledge Diffusion, and the Evolution of Bilateral Trade By Bogang Jun; Aamena Alshamsi; Jian Gao; Cesar A Hidalgo
  6. The Trend in Labour Income Share: the Role of Technological Change and Imperfect Labour Markets By Francesco Carbonero; Christian Offermanns; Enzo Weber
  7. Text matching to measure patent similarity By Sam Arts; Bruno Cassiman; Juan Carlos Gomez
  8. The Coevolutionary Relationship of Technology, Market and Government Regulation in Telecommunications By Lin, Xuchen; Lu, Ting-Jie; Chen, Xia
  9. Creativity and the City: Testing the Attenuation of Agglomeration Economies fo r the Creative Industries in Barcelona By Coll Martínez, Eva

  1. By: Jové Llopis, Elisenda; Segarra Blasco, Agustí, 1958-
    Abstract: The drivers for the adoption of an eco-innovation strategy have been widely explored in the recent literature but, to date, most of these studies have been carried out on manufacturing industries. Hence, this paper investigates the similarities and differences between service and manufacturing firms, distinguishing between the high-tech and lowtech sectors. Using panel data of 4,535 Spanish firms for the period 2008—2014, we specify a dynamic probit model with sample selection. In line with other contributions in the literature, our results confirm the importance of regulatory stimulus to eco-innovation, mainly in form of demand-pull and, especially, in terms of demand push (subsidies) for sectors with low technology intensities. Institutional sources of information seem to be a more important driver for services firms with high technology intensity, whereas manufacturing firms rely more on internal or other sources of information. Furthermore, we find that eco-innovation is highly persistent at the firm level in both sectors and at both technology intensities. Hence, past eco-innovation behaviour is clearly more decisive in explaining the current state of eco-innovation orientation. Keywords: eco-innovation strategy, environmental innovation, service sector, manufacturing sector, green strategy, Spain. JEL Classification Numbers: O31. Q55
    Keywords: Planificació estratègica -- Aspectes ambientals, Innovacions tecnològiques -- Aspectes ambientals, Sector terciari, 33 - Economia,
    Date: 2017
  2. By: Schnitzer, Monika (LMU München); Watzinger, Martin (LMU München)
    Abstract: We provide the first measurement of knowledge spillovers from venture capital-financed companies onto the patenting activities of other companies. On average, these spillovers are nine times larger than those generated by the R&D investment of established companies. Spillover effects are larger in complex product industries than in discrete product industries. Start-ups with experienced inventors holding a patent at the time of receiving the first round of investment produce the largest spillovers, indicating that venture capital fosters the commercialization of technologies. Methodologically, we contribute by developing a novel definition of the spillover pool, combining citation-based and technological proximity-based approaches.
    Keywords: venture capital, spillovers, innovation;
    JEL: G24 O30 O31 O32
    Date: 2017–09–13
  3. By: K Hervé Dakpo; Yann Desjeux; Philippe Jeanneaux; Laure Latruffe
    Abstract: The objective of the article is to assess productivity change in French agriculture during 2002-2014, namely total factor productivity (TFP) change and its components technological change and technical efficiency change. For this, we use the economically-ideal Färe-Primont index which verifies the multiplicatively completeness property and is also transitive, allowing for multi-temporal/lateral comparisons. To compare the technology gap change between the six types of farming considered, we extend the Färe-Primont to the meta-frontier framework. Results indicate that during 2002-2014, all farms experienced a TFP progress. Pig and/or poultry farms had the lowest TFP increase, while beef farms had the highest (19.1%). The latter farms had the strongest increase in technical efficiency, while technological progress was the highest for mixed farms. The meta-frontier analysis shows that field crop farms’ technology is the most productive of all types of farming.
    Keywords: total factor productivity (TFP), Färe-Primont index, meta-frontier, French farms
    JEL: D24 O47 Q10
    Date: 2017
  4. By: Sara Amoroso (European Commission - JRC); Alex Coad (CENTRUM Católica Graduate Business School, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima, Perú); Nicola Grassano (European Commission – JRC)
    Abstract: Recent empirical studies have investigated the territorial impact of Europe’s research policies, in particular the contribution of the European Framework Programmes to the integration of a European Research Area. This paper deepens the analysis on the integration and participation of peripheral regions, by focusing on the differences in intensity and determinants of inter-regional collaborations across three groups of collaborations. We consider collaborations among more developed regions, between more and less developed regions, and among less developed regions. Building on the recent spatial interaction literature, this paper investigates the effects of physical, institutional, social and technological proximity on the intensity of inter-regional research collaboration across heterogeneous European regions. We find that the impact of disparities in human capital and technological proximity on regional R&D cooperation is relevant and differs across subgroups of collaborations. Moreover, despite the efforts of integrating marginal actors, peripheral regions have lower rates of collaborations.
    Keywords: European Research Area, spatial interaction modelling, R&D collaboration, regional integration
    JEL: O38 L14 F15 R15
    Date: 2017–07
  5. By: Bogang Jun; Aamena Alshamsi; Jian Gao; Cesar A Hidalgo
    Abstract: During the last decades two important contributions have reshaped our understanding of international trade. First, countries trade more with those with whom they share history, language, and culture, suggesting that trade is limited by information frictions. Second, countries are more likely to start exporting products that are similar to their current exports, suggesting that knowledge diffusion among related industries is a key constrain shaping the diversification of exports. But does knowledge about how to export to a destination also diffuses among related products and geographic neighbors? Do countries need to learn how to trade each product to each destination? Here, we use bilateral trade data from 2000 to 2015 to show that countries are more likely to increase their exports of a product to a destination when: (i) they export related products to it, (ii) they export the same product to the neighbor of a destination, (iii) they have neighbors who export the same product to that destination. Then, we explore the magnitude of these effects for new, nascent, and experienced exporters, (exporters with and without comparative advantage in a product) and also for groups of products with different level of technological sophistication. We find that the effects of product and geographic relatedness are stronger for new exporters, and also, that the effect of product relatedness is stronger for more technologically sophisticated products. These findings support the idea that international trade is shaped by information frictions that are reduced in the presence of related products and experienced geographic neighbors.
    Date: 2017–09
  6. By: Francesco Carbonero; Christian Offermanns; Enzo Weber
    Abstract: The non-constancy of factor shares is drawing the attention of many researchers. We document an average drop of the labour share of 8 percentage points for eight European countries and the US between 1980 and 2007. We investigate theoretically and empirically two mechanisms: the substitution between Information Communication Technology (ICT) and labour and the presence of hiring costs. We find that the ICT-labour replacement is a promising channel to explain the decline of the labour share, though labour market frictions takes part of its explanatory power over. In particular, hiring costs have a bigger role in Europe than in the US. Finally, by modelling the elasticity of substitution between ICT and labour as a function of institutional and structural variables, we find that it correlates with the share of routine occupations (positively) and with the share of high-skill workers (negatively).
    Date: 2017–09
  7. By: Sam Arts; Bruno Cassiman; Juan Carlos Gomez
    Abstract: We propose using text matching to measure the technological similarity between patents. Technology experts from different fields validate the new similarity measure and its improvement on measures based on the United States Patent Classification System, and identify its limitations. As an application, we replicate prior findings on the localization of knowledge spillovers by constructing a case-control group of text-matched patents. We also provide open access to the code and data to calculate the similarity between any two utility patents granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office between 1976 and 2013, or between any two patent portfolios.
    Keywords: text mining, matching, patent, patent classification, technological similarity
    Date: 2017–08
  8. By: Lin, Xuchen; Lu, Ting-Jie; Chen, Xia
    Abstract: The technical change in telecommunications industry is tremendous, and it is exactly the continuous technological progress in telecommunications that brings sustained prosperity and development of the telecommunications industry. Inthis paper, the interplay between technology, market and government in telecommunicationsis discussed brieflyin the first place, and thenwe introduce technologyand government into the traditional SCP paradigm as essential factorswhich have economic meaningstoconstruct a new industry analysis framework called TGM (SCP). Basedon this framework, we propose thespiral coevolutionmodel of telecommunications industrywhich elaborates on the interaction mechanism between technological innovation, government regulation and market evolution in telecommunications. Our study indicatesthatthe evolution of the telecommunications industry is the result of technological innovation, government regulation and market competition, and among the three, technological innovation is the fundamental driving force. Compared to the “invisible hand”—market and “visible hand” —government, we believe that technology is the “third hand” in telecommunications industry. The policy implications regarding thesefindingsaregiven at the end of this paper.
    Keywords: technological innovation,government regulation,telecommunications,industry analysis
    Date: 2017
  9. By: Coll Martínez, Eva
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to infer the spatial extent of agglomeration economies for the creative service industries (SCI) in Barcelona and its relationship with firms’ performance. Using data from Mercantile Register (SABI) that provides micro-geographic data of firms between 2006 and 2015 I estimate the effect of intra-industry and inter-industry agglomeration in rings around location on productivity in Barcelona. Main results are that, (1) for CSI, at a micro-spatial level, localisation economies are not so relevant, although much work still remains to be done on this issue ; (2) while for Non-SCI having creative workers in the near proximity (250 metres) seems to enhance their productivity; and (3) for the symbolic - based CSI localisation economies – mainly understood as networking and knowledge externalities – have positive effects on TFP at shorter distances (less than 250 metres), while for the two other knowledge based CSI (i.e., synthetic and analytical) localisation economies seem not to be so relevant. These results strongly suggest the importance of networking or information spillovers in CIs, which are strongly concentrated in the largest cities. Keywords: creative industries, agglomeration economies, distance - based methods, micro-geographic data, Barcelona
    Keywords: Creativitat en els negocis -- Barcelona, 33 - Economia,
    Date: 2017

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