nep-tid New Economics Papers
on Technology and Industrial Dynamics
Issue of 2008‒03‒01
three papers chosen by
Rui Baptista
Technical University of Lisbon

  1. Do Technology Shocks Lead to Productivity Slowdowns? Evidence from Patent Data By Lone E. Christiansen
  2. Canadian Firm and Job Dynamics By Ravi Balakrishnan
  3. Knowledge-based productivity in low-tech industries: evidence from firms in developing countries. By Goedhuys, Micheline; Janz, Norbert; Mohnen, Pierre

  1. By: Lone E. Christiansen
    Abstract: This paper provides empirical evidence on the response of labor productivity to the arrival of new inventions. The benchmark measure of technological progress is given by data on patent applications in the U.S. over the period 1889-2002. The analysis shows that labor productivity may temporarily fall below trend after technological progress. However, the effects on productivity differ between the pre- and post-World War II periods. The pre-war period shows evidence of a productivity slowdown as a result of the arrival of new technology, whereas the post-World War II period does not. Positive effects of technology shocks tend to show up sooner in the productivity data in the later period.
    Keywords: Productivity , Labor , Investment ,
    Date: 2008–01–31
  2. By: Ravi Balakrishnan
    Abstract: To understand better Canada's smooth reallocation of labor in response to the recent commodity price boom, but seemingly poor productivity performance, this paper examines job and firm dynamics in Canada relative to the United States. Overall, it finds that while Canada's labor market efficiency seems comparable to that of the United States, product market rigidities appear to be reducing Canada's capacity for creative destruction, hence undermining productivity growth.
    Keywords: Productivity , Canada , Labor markets , Employment , Commodity prices ,
    Date: 2008–02–04
  3. By: Goedhuys, Micheline (UNU-MERIT and University of Antwerpen); Janz, Norbert (UNU-MERIT and Aachen University of Applied Sciences); Mohnen, Pierre (UNU-MERIT and University of Maastricht)
    Abstract: Using firm level data from five countries - Brazil, Ecuador, South Africa, Tanzania and Bangladesh - this paper examines the knowledge-based determinants of productivity of firms active in food processing, textiles, and garments and leather products. In particular, it seeks to investigate the importance of various sources of knowledge in explaining productivity in the different industries. The knowledge sources driving productivity performance are very different across sectors. In food processing, firm productivity is most strongly affected by quality of management and foreign ownership linkages. In textiles, firms raise productivity levels by importing new machinery and through research and development. In garments and leather products, R&D and design activities, high quality management and licensing technology from foreign firms are significant productivity determinants. Firms' productivity levels are further depressed by regulatory and financial constraints.
    Keywords: Productivity, Knowledge, R&D, Developing Countries, Food Processing, Textiles, Garments, Leather
    JEL: D24 L66 L67 O14 O31
    Date: 2008

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