nep-tid New Economics Papers
on Technology and Industrial Dynamics
Issue of 2007‒12‒08
three papers chosen by
Rui Baptista
Technical University of Lisbon

  1. Determinants of the Acquisition of Smaller Firms by Larger Incumbents in High-Tech Industries: Are they related to Innovation and Technology Sourcing? By Marcus Wagner
  2. Dynamics of export market entry and exit By Ilmakunnas, Pekka; Nurmi, Satu
  3. Do innovation and human capital explain the productivity gap between small and large firms? By Laia Castany; Enrique Lopez-Bazo; Rosina Moreno

  1. By: Marcus Wagner
    Abstract: Innovation activities in high tech industries provide considerable challenges for technology and innovation management. In particular, firms frequently face significant technological challenges since these industries has a long history of radical innovations which are taking place through distinct industry cycles of higher and lower demand. The paper investigates these issues for three high-tech industries, namely semiconductor manufacturing, biotechnology and electronic design automation which is a specific sub-segment of the semiconductor industry. It analyses the association of firm characteristics with different aspects of acquisition behaviour. Particular focus is put on innovation-related firm characteristics. The paper finds that the determinants for acquisitions are mostly related to firm size, financial conditions and geographical origin of the firm. Only for biotechnology, a substitutive relationship is identified between acquisitions and own research activities.
    Keywords: acquisition, innovation, semiconductor, design, automation, biotechnology
    JEL: L10 L86 M20
    Date: 2007–11
  2. By: Ilmakunnas, Pekka; Nurmi, Satu
    Abstract: We examine the process of internationalisation of firms, contributing to the knowledge on the factors behind a successful entry and operation in the export markets using duration analysis. Rich longitudinal microlevel data on Finnish manufacturing plants allow an indepth analysis of the life cycle of exporting plants over a time span of up to 25 years. In the first part of the analysis, we focus on the factors that explain the duration of time until entering plants start to export. The second part of the study concentrates on the duration of time until exit from the export markets. Our special focus is on the effects of foreign ownership, human capital and industry spillovers on export market entry and exit.
    Keywords: exports; foreign ownership; productivity; human capital; duration analysis
    JEL: L25 F23 F14
    Date: 2007–11
  3. By: Laia Castany (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona); Enrique Lopez-Bazo (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona); Rosina Moreno (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona)
    Abstract: Empirical evidence is compelling that large firms are more productive than small firms. The hypothesis in this paper is that the productivity differences between small and large firms are associated with two of the main determinants of a firm’s performance: the human and technological capital that firms incorporate. We suggest that the contribution of these factors in explaining the size of the productivity gap might not only be due to the fact that large firms make a more extensive use of them, but also because large firms obtain higher returns from their investment in human and technological capital. The evidence we obtain for a comprehensive sample of Spanish manufacturing firms (1990-2002) supports this hypothesis, which has important implications for the effectiveness of policies designed to improve productivity in SMEs by stimulating innovation and the use of more skilled workers.
    Keywords: total factor productivity; innovation; skilled labour; firm size.
    JEL: D24 J24 L25
    Date: 2007–11

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