nep-tid New Economics Papers
on Technology and Industrial Dynamics
Issue of 2006‒04‒22
ten papers chosen by
Roberto Fontana
Universita Bocconi

  1. Productivity and Market Selection of French Manufacturing Firms in the Nineties By Flora Bellone; Patrick Musso; Lionel Nesta; Michel Quéré
  2. Productivity, Exporting and the Learning-by-Exporting Hypothesis: Direct Evidence from UK Firms By Gustavo Crespi; Chiara Criscuolo; Jonathan Haskel
  3. The Knowledge Filter and Economic Growth: The Role of Scientist Entrepreneurship By David B. Audretsch; Taylor Aldridge; Alexander Oettl
  4. Start-ups, firm growth and the consolidation of the French biotech industry By Avenel, E.; Corolleur, F.; Gauthier, C.; Rieu, C.
  5. Entry, Costs Reduction, and Competition in the Portuguese Telephony Industry By Philippe Gagnepain; Pedro Pereira
  6. Innovation and Dominant Design in Mobile Telephone By Heli Koski; Tobias Kretschmer
  7. Diversification and hybridisation in firm knowledge bases in nanotechnologies By Avenel, E.; Favier, A.V.; Ma, S.; Mangematin V.; Rieu, C.
  8. Vertical Product Differentiation, Entry-Deterrence Strategies, and Entry Qualities By Yong-Hwan Noh; GianCarlo Moschini
  9. Understanding co-operative R&D activity: evidence from four European countries By Laura Abramovsky; Elisabeth Kremp; Alberto López; Tobias Schmidt; Helen Simpson
  10. Licensing or Not Licensing?: Empirical Analysis on Strategic Use of Patent in Japanese Firms By Kazuyuki Motohashi

  1. By: Flora Bellone (Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Économiques); Patrick Musso (Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Économiques); Lionel Nesta (Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Économiques); Michel Quéré (Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Économiques)
    Date: 2006
  2. By: Gustavo Crespi (University of Sussex, AIM and CeRiBA); Chiara Criscuolo (CEP, LSE, AIM and CeRiBA); Jonathan Haskel (Queen Mary, University of London)
    Abstract: Case study evidence suggests that exporting firms learn from their clients. But econometric evidence, mostly using exporting and TFP growth, is mixed. We use a UK panel data set with firm-level information on exporting and productivity. Our innovation is that we also have direct data on the sources of learning (in this case about new technologies). Controlling for fixed effects we have two main findings. First, we find firms who exported in the past are more likely to then report that they learnt from buyers (relative to learning from other sources). Second, firms who had learned from buyers (more than they learnt from other sources) in the past are more likely to then have productivity growth. This suggests some support for the learning-by-exporting hypothesis, though is not clear whether firms deserve an exporting subsidy.
    Keywords: Productivity, Exporting, Learning
    JEL: F12 L1
    Date: 2006–04
  3. By: David B. Audretsch; Taylor Aldridge; Alexander Oettl
    Date: 2006–01
  4. By: Avenel, E.; Corolleur, F.; Gauthier, C.; Rieu, C.
    Abstract: Based on an original dataset, we analyze empirically the determinants of firm growth in the French biotech industry during two periods, 1996-1999 and 1999-2002. We have two main results. First, Gibrat's law is violated. The growth of annual turnover is influenced by teh initial size of the firm. The effect is non-linear, negative for small firms. Second, location has a significant impact on growth. We use different sets of dummies to characterize location and different measures of firm growth. As a whole, our results point at Marseilles (and its region) and Nanterre (but not Paris and Evry) as favorable places for the growth of firms between 1999 and 2002. For the 1996-1999, the favorable places are Strasbourg (and Alsace) and Rh“ne-Alpes (Lyon/Grenoble). Our analysis thus suggests that the changes in the (notably legal) environment of French biotech firms that took place in 1999 had a drastic effect of the comparative advantages of locations for biotech firms.
    JEL: L25 L65 R30
    Date: 2005
  5. By: Philippe Gagnepain (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid); Pedro Pereira (Autoridade da Concorrência)
    Keywords: Mobile Telephony, Entry, Competition, Efficiency, Empirical Analysis
    JEL: L13 L43 L93
    Date: 2005–02
  6. By: Heli Koski; Tobias Kretschmer
    Keywords: Product innovation, mobile phone handsets, dominant design, min-max principle
    JEL: L15 L96 O32
    Date: 2006–04–03
  7. By: Avenel, E.; Favier, A.V.; Ma, S.; Mangematin V.; Rieu, C.
    Abstract: The paper investigates the linkages between characteristics of technologies and a firm’s knowledge base. Nanotechnologies have been defined as converging technologies that operate as nanoscale, and which require integration to fulfil their economic promises. The paper analyses the degree of convergence and the convergence mechanisms within a firm’s knowledge base. If convergence predominates as it has been claimed, nanotechnologies are not competence destroyers and the development is based on the exetension of the knowledge base of existing firms. Based on a worldwide database of nanofirms, the paper examines the influence of the characteristics of the technologies on the structure of the firm knowledge base. It argues that nano S&T patterns of development combine competence destroying activities and a critical role of research facilities and technological platforms. While the competence destroying characteristics of nanotechnologies give a premium to emerging companies, the role of research and production facilities stenghthens large incumbent competitive position and geographically polarises the emergence of small dedicated nanofimrs.
    JEL: O31 O32 L22
    Date: 2006
  8. By: Yong-Hwan Noh; GianCarlo Moschini (Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD))
    Abstract: We analyze the entry of a new product into a vertically differentiated market in which an entrant and an incumbent compete in prices. Here the entry-deterrence strategies of the incumbent firm rely on "limit qualities." With a sequential choice of quality, a quality-dependent marginal production cost, and a fixed entry cost, we relate the entry-quality decision and the entry-deterrence strategies to the level of entry cost and the degree of consumer heterogeneity. Quality-dependent marginal production costs in the model entail the possibility of inferior-quality entry as well as an incumbent's aggressive entry-deterrence strategies of increasing its quality level toward potential entry. Welfare evaluation confirms that social welfare is not necessarily improved when entry is encouraged rather than deterred.
    Keywords: entry deterrence; quality choice; vertical product differentiation.
    JEL: C72 D43 L13
    Date: 2005–09
  9. By: Laura Abramovsky (Institute for Fiscal Studies); Elisabeth Kremp; Alberto López; Tobias Schmidt; Helen Simpson (Institute for Fiscal Studies)
    Abstract: This paper investigates co-operative research activity by firms using data from the 3rd Community Innovation Survey for four countries, France, Germany, Spain and the UK. We build on the Cassiman and Veugelers (CV) (2002) study of Belgian manufacturing firms, by incorporating information on the service sector, and considering the role of public support in affecting firms’ decisions to co-operate. Our results support those in CV, in that we find a positive relationship between the likelihood of undertaking co-operative R&D and both incoming knowledge spillovers and the extent to which firms find strategic methods important in appropriating the returns to innovative activity. We find that public support is positively related to the probability of undertaking co-operative agreements particularly with regard to the likelihood of co-operation with the research base. We find some evidence, in particular for Spain, that firms carry out co-operative R&D to overcome excessive perceived risks and financial constraints.
    Keywords: R&D co-operation, spillovers, joint ventures, CIS
    JEL: O31 O32 L24
    Date: 2005–10
  10. By: Kazuyuki Motohashi
    Abstract: In this paper, IP strategy at firm level is analyzed in a framework of use of patent as a tool for maximizing firm's revenue, based on a dataset from JPO's Survey of Intellectual Property Activities in 2004. Descriptive regressions of IP strategy indicators suggest a non-linear relationship between firm size and licensing propensity. For a small firm with less complementary assets, such as production facility and marketing channels, tends to license more. At the same time, a licensing propensity of large firm is also high due to the effect of cross licensing.
    Date: 2006–04

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