nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2023‒11‒27
two papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto, DePauw University

  1. Desperately Seeking a Japanese Yokozuna By Brunello, Giorgio; Yamamura, Eiji
  2. The Role of National Culture in Hackathon Teams’ Capacity for Ideation (title of the paper) By Marieke Funck (first name last name); Benjamin P. Krebs (first name last name of second author); Slawa Tomin (first name last name of third author); Bernhard A. Wach (first name last name of fourth author); Rüdiger Kabst (first name last name of fifth author)

  1. By: Brunello, Giorgio (University of Padova); Yamamura, Eiji (Seinan Gakuin University)
    Abstract: Using data on wrestlers and tournaments since the early 1970s, we study promotion practices in Sumo, a Japanese traditional sport. We show that, especially since 2010, foreign-born wrestlers trying to attain the second highest rank in Sumo were treated less favorably than Japanese born wrestlers. Similar practices, however, do not apply to foreign-born wrestlers competing for the top rank, probably because of the much higher public scrutiny attracted by promotions to this rank. Together with the 2010 Reform that effectively restricted access to foreign-born wrestlers, existing promotion practices may favor the return of Japanese born players to the top rank of the game.
    Keywords: promotion, Sumo, sports, Japan
    JEL: J40 J71
    Date: 2023–10
  2. By: Marieke Funck (first name last name) (Paderborn University); Benjamin P. Krebs (first name last name of second author) (Capgemini Deutschland GmbH (workplace of second author)); Slawa Tomin (first name last name of third author) (Paderborn University (workplace of third author)); Bernhard A. Wach (first name last name of fourth author) (University of Applied Sciences Munich (workplace of fourth author)); Rüdiger Kabst (first name last name of fifth author) (Paderborn University (workplace of fifth author))
    Abstract: This study investigates the role of national culture in shaping hackathon teams’ ideation outcomes. We propose that hierarchical values decrease and intellectual autonomy and mastery increase the quality of ideas that teams develop over the course of a hackathon. Using survey data, archival data, and the pitch presentations of 284 monocultural hackathon teams from an international hackathon, we find that hierarchical cultural values are negatively associated with the quality of ideas, suggesting that hackathon teams that operate in hierarchical cultures suffer from a ‘liability of hierarchy.’ We also find that teams from societies that emphasize mastery are more likely to develop high-quality ideas, suggesting that teams from societies whose people are encouraged to master or change the natural and social environment are more successful in tackling grand challenges. Contrary to expectations, we find no relationship between intellectual autonomy and the quality of ideas. (abstract of the paper)
    Keywords: Comparative international entrepreneurship; hackathon teams; national culture; idea quality (keywords)
    JEL: L26

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