nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2023‒10‒09
five papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto, DePauw University

  1. Olympic projects to leverage collaborative sport policies. The case of the partnership between the French cycling federation and Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines community. By Clément Lopez; Mathieu Djaballah; Dominique Charrier
  2. Gambler's motivations and regret: the case of online sports betting among 18-30-yearolds By Tony de Vassoigne; Przemek Sobocinski
  3. A New Framework to Estimate Return on Investment for Player Salaries in the National Basketball Association By Jackson P. Lautier
  4. The Impact of High Temperatures on Performance in Work-Related Activities By Picchio, Matteo; van Ours, Jan C.
  5. Game, Sweat, Match: Temperature and Elite Worker Productivity By Marshall Burke; Vincent Tanutama; Sam Heft-Neal; Miyuki Hino; David Lobell

  1. By: Clément Lopez (Université Paris-Saclay); Mathieu Djaballah (Université Paris-Saclay); Dominique Charrier (Université Paris-Saclay)
    Abstract: This article questions the leveraging effect of Olympic bids in kind of collaborative governance, by articulating federal-local interests. It is based on a case study of the collaborative relation between the Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines Agglomeration Community and the French cycling federation from 2000 to 2020. The contribution retraces the local collaboration process in a specific context: first showing the role the 2012 Olympic bid played in the implementation of a federal-local partnership, 2nd explaining in which extent the 2024 Olympic bid has been used to foster the structuration of this partnership. This work uses Kingdon' streams theory to put in light the capacity of Olympic bids to open up ‘policy windows' for the implementation of collaborative sport policies.
    Abstract: Le présent article interroge la capacité des candidatures olympiques à créer les conditions de l'articulation entre les politiques sportives fédérales et locales. Il s'appuie sur un cas d'étude portant sur la relation entre Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (un territoire intercommunal situé à 20 kilomètres de Paris) et la Fédération française de cyclisme entre 2000 et 2020. La contribution retrace le processus de collaboration entre ces deux organisations dans les contextes de candidature parisienne aux Jeux Olympiques et Paralympiques de 2012 et de 2024. En s'appuyant sur la force explicative des dynamiques locales, les auteurs mobilisent la théorie des flux de Kingdon (1984) pour souligner le rôle déterminant des candidatures olympiques dans la convergence des flux des problèmes, de la politique et des politiques publiques. Celles-ci favorisent donc l'ouverture de fenêtres d'opportunité vers la mise en place de politiques sportives partenariales.
    Keywords: Jeux Olympiques, cyclisme, gouvernance, politique sportive locale, installations sportives Olympic Games, cycling, governance, local sport policies, sport facilities
    Date: 2023–08–31
  2. By: Tony de Vassoigne (Métis Lab EM Normandie - EM Normandie - École de Management de Normandie); Przemek Sobocinski (Métis Lab EM Normandie - EM Normandie - École de Management de Normandie)
    Abstract: This study explores the issue of regret among young online sports bettors. A quantitative methodology was used with 487 respondents aged 18 to 30. The results show that this public seems above all to be looking for thrills, more than for money or social recognition. In addition, it was found that young gamblers regret not betting more than betting. The reasons why peoplebet have an impact on their level of regret. Understanding the concept of regret and the motivations of bettors is critical for companies in this industry, and it will affect their way of gambling and their loyalty.
    Abstract: Ce travail aborde la question du regret chez les jeunes parieurs sportifs en ligne. Une méthodologie quantitative a été mobilisée auprès de 487 répondants âgés de 18 à 30 ans. Les résultats montrent que ce public semble avant tout à la recherche de sensations fortes, davantage que de gain d'argent ou de reconnaissance sociale. De plus, il est constaté que le jeune parieur regrette davantage le non-pari que le pari. Les raisons qui motivent les joueurs à miser ont un impact sur son niveau de regret. Il est donc primordial pour les entreprises de ce secteur de comprendre ce concept de regret ainsi que les motivations des parieurs, car cela aura un effet sur leur manière de jouer et leur fidélisation.
    Keywords: Gambling, Online sports betting, Action and non-action, Regret, Motivation, Jeux d'argent, Pari sportif en ligne, Action et inaction
    Date: 2023–06–23
  3. By: Jackson P. Lautier
    Abstract: The National Basketball Association (NBA) imposes a player salary cap. It is therefore useful to develop tools to measure the relative realized return of a player's salary given their on court performance. Very few such studies exist, however. We thus present the first known framework to estimate a return on investment (ROI) for NBA player contracts. The framework operates in five parts: (1) decide on a measurement time horizon, such as the standard 82-game NBA regular season; (2) calculate the novel game contribution percentage (GCP) measure we propose, which is a single game summary statistic that sums to unity for each competing team and is comprised of traditional, playtype, hustle, box outs, defensive, tracking, and rebounding per game NBA statistics; (3) estimate the single game value (SGV) of each regular season NBA game using a standard currency conversion calculation; (4) multiply the SGV by the vector of realized GCPs to obtain a series of realized per-player single season cash flows; and (5) use the player salary as an initial investment to perform the traditional ROI calculation. We illustrate our framework by compiling a novel, sharable dataset of per game GCP statistics and salaries for the 2022-2023 NBA regular season. A scatter plot of ROI by salary for all players is presented, including the top and bottom 50 performers. Notably, missed games are treated as defaults because GCP is a per game metric. This allows for break-even calculations between high-performing players with frequent missed games and average performers with few missed games, which we demonstrate with a comparison of the 2023 NBA regular seasons of Anthony Davis and Brook Lopez. We conclude by suggesting uses of our framework, discussing its flexibility through customization, and outlining potential future improvements.
    Date: 2023–09
  4. By: Picchio, Matteo (Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona); van Ours, Jan C. (Erasmus University Rotterdam)
    Abstract: High temperatures can have a negative effect on work-related activities. Labor productivity may go down because mental health or physical health is worse when it is too warm. Workers may experience difficulties concentrating or they have to reduce effort in order to cope with heat. We investigate how temperature affects performance of male professional tennis players. We use data about outdoor singles matches from 2003 until 2021. Our identification strategy relies on the plausible exogeneity of short-term daily temperature variations in a given tournament from the average temperature over the same tournament. We find that performance significantly decreases with ambient temperature. The magnitude of the temperature effect is age-specific and skill-specific. Older and less-skilled players suffer more from high temperatures than younger and more skilled players do. The effect of temperature on performance is smaller when there is more at stake. Our findings also suggest that there is adaptation to high temperatures: the effects are smaller if the heat lasts for several days.
    Keywords: climate change, temperatures, tennis; performance, productivity
    JEL: J24 J81 Q51 Q54
    Date: 2023–09
  5. By: Marshall Burke; Vincent Tanutama; Sam Heft-Neal; Miyuki Hino; David Lobell
    Abstract: The effect of hot temperatures on labor productivity is thought to be a key channel through which a warming climate will impact the economy, and these impacts could help explain broader observed relationships between temperature and economic output. Yet for many workers and jobs, especially the high-wage service-economy work that constitutes a large share of total economic output in wealthy nations, productivity is hard to measure and thus climate impacts hard to quantify. We study a high-wage job where individual productivity is readily observable: professional tennis. Using 15 years of data on 177 thousand tennis matches merged to hourly temperature data, we study the effects of temperature on tennis performance in contemporaneous and future matches. Variation in player birthplace and residence allows us to study whether players adapt to heat, and data from betting markets allows us to evaluate whether markets price climate risk. We find that hot temperatures increase contemporaneous errors and retirements, and reduce win probability in the subsequent match. In percentage terms, estimated effects on earnings are smaller than lower-wage settings studied in existing literature. By most measures, top players are less affected by hot temperatures. Most tennis betting markets appear to accurately price climate risk, and temperature impacts do not appear to offer profitable arbitrage opportunities.
    JEL: Q50
    Date: 2023–08

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