nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2023‒05‒22
two papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. The Role of Football Win Percentage on College Applications for Power Five and Group of Five School By Craig McFarland; Peter A. Groothuis; Dennis Guignet
  2. Peacefully Demobilizing Rebels: Identity, Emotional Cues, and the FARC By Aparicio, Juan P.; Jetter, Michael; Parsons, Christopher

  1. By: Craig McFarland; Peter A. Groothuis; Dennis Guignet
    Abstract: Universities in the pursuit of maintaining or raising the number of enrollments are looking for ways to attract students. As demographics shift, government funding decreases, and the general sentiment around higher education changes, the competition between universities to attract prospective students will only become more intense. Investing in athletics to achieve more successful programs is one approach that universities have taken to better appeal to potential students. We analyze whether football success, as measured by win percentage, is correlated with a higher number of student applicants. We find that for schools in the major “Power-Five” conferences, win percentage does not significantly change the number of students who apply. However, in the smaller “Group-of-Five” conferences, win percentage is associated with an increase in the number of applications. This is a particularly relevant finding because smaller universities may often be the ones struggling to maintain the size of their student body. At the same time, back-of-the-envelope calculations suggest that the costs of increasing a schools win percentage may not be worth the benefits in terms of increased revenues from student enrollment. Key Words:Sports, Football, NCAA, Collegiate Athletics, University, Freshman Application
    JEL: Z20 Z21 I20
    Date: 2023
  2. By: Aparicio, Juan P. (University of Western Australia); Jetter, Michael (University of Western Australia); Parsons, Christopher (University of Western Australia)
    Abstract: In the early 2000s, the Colombian government aired messages during games of the national football team, urging FARC rebels to demobilize. We first study the strategy's effectiveness, leveraging game dates, kick-off times, and spatial-temporal variation in rain-induced signal strength in a municipality-day-level panel spanning 2003-2016. Over 1, 000 rebels demobilized because of family-themed (but not national-unity-themed) messages, received during unexpected losses (i.e., negative emotional cues). We then model a rebel's demobilization decision, combining identity salience with their emotional state. Finally, we corroborate the model's predictions examining family- versus non-family-specific holidays and local climatic anomalies.
    Keywords: civil war, conflict resolution, demobilization, hearts-and-minds, information campaigns
    JEL: D74 D91 H56 L82 N46 O54
    Date: 2023–04

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