nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2022‒08‒15
seven papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. Change in home bias due to ghost games in the NFL By Starke, Stephan; Vischer, Lars; Dilger, Alexander
  2. Performing without pressure? The effect of ghost games on effort- and skill-based tasks in the football Bundesliga By Christoph Buehren; Dominic Jung
  3. Setting Up A Cricket Market In Pakistan By Azwar Muhammad Aslam
  4. Pairwise contests: wins, losses, and strength By Carmen Herrero; Antonio Villar
  5. Sialkot’s Sports and Allied Industry: Issues and Prospects for Growth By Aqsa Gul
  6. Protectionism, Competitiveness and Inequality: Cross-Country Evidence from Soccer By Hakan Yilmazkuday
  7. A Comparison of Group Criticality Notions for Simple Games By Michele Aleandri; Marco Dall'Aglio

  1. By: Starke, Stephan; Vischer, Lars; Dilger, Alexander
    Abstract: We analyse changes in the National Football League (NFL) due to ghost games in 2020. The home bias disappears as expected. However, referee decisions do not seem to be relevant for this. There are also no significant results for semi-ghost games with a reduced number of spectators. @Wir analysieren Veränderungen in der National Football League (NFL) aufgrund von Geisterspielen im Jahr 2020. Der Heimvorteil verschwindet wie erwartet. Schiedsrichterentscheidungen scheinen dafür aber nicht relevant zu sein. Auch für partielle Geisterspiele mit reduzierter Zuschauerzahl gibt es keine signifikanten Ergebnisse.
    JEL: Z20
    Date: 2022
  2. By: Christoph Buehren (Ruhr-University Bochum); Dominic Jung (Clausthal University of Technology)
    Abstract: We analyze the natural experiment of ghost games in the 2019/2020 season of the German football Bundesliga and confirm previous studies showing that the home advantage diminishes if the stadium is empty. However, our paper is the first that distinguishes between effort- and skill-based tasks in this setting. In line with behavioral economics, we observe that a supportive audience has a positive effect on effort-based performance but a negative effect on some offensive skill-based performance measures.
    Keywords: Ghost games; home advantage; effort vs. skill, Covid-19
    JEL: C93 Z20
    Date: 2022
  3. By: Azwar Muhammad Aslam (MPhil Scholar, PIDE)
    Abstract: Cricket Leagues have become one of the raging phenomena across the globe. The existing scholarship asserts that such professional leagues provide profitable avenues for players, governments, boards, public and investors. Among the determinants of growth of sports industry are identified public interest, attraction of celebrities, sponsorship of multinational companies and returns on investment. Also, the revenues generated from sports constitute significant determinant of growth of sports industry.
    Keywords: Cricket Market,
    Date: 2021
  4. By: Carmen Herrero (Department of Economics, Universidad de Alicante;); Antonio Villar (Department of Economics, Universidad Pablo de Olavide & ISEAK)
    Abstract: Sports competitions represent an interesting family of evaluation problems involving pairwise comparisons. In this context, the alternatives are contending teams, and the comparison is made in terms of outcomes. Different evaluation protocols have been proposed in the literature, aimed at getting more robust estimates of the teams’ worth or better predictions of their future achievements. We present here a new evaluation protocol that can be described in two steps. First, we modify the teams’ outcomes by introducing a penalty function that ponders the points accrued by the points lost. This step already produces an interesting evaluation procedure, the relative performance rule (the ratio between points won and points lost). Second, we define a new procedure that also considers the strength of the teams in the evaluation. We call this new evaluation protocol the relative strength rule.
    Keywords: sports competitions; pairwise comparisons; tournaments; dominant eigenvector, win-loss; strength; Premier League.
    JEL: D71 Z19
    Date: 2022
  5. By: Aqsa Gul (M.Phil Scholar, PIDE)
    Abstract: The webinar aims to highlight and rediscover the importance of the long-forgotten sports industry of Sialkot. Moderator of the discussion Dr. Nadeem ul Haque showed his interest in digging deep into the causes that have shackled growth in this industry. He started by asking the panelist why Sialkot’s sports industry could not develop into a wealthy conglomerate despite being the hub of manufacturing sports goods and related items in the last seven decades.
    Keywords: Sialkots, Sports, Industry,
    Date: 2021
  6. By: Hakan Yilmazkuday (Department of Economics, Florida International University)
    Abstract: Using club-level data on domestic-league and international points from 73 countries, this paper achieves a policy evaluation of country-specific regulations regarding soccer success. The results show that restrictions on foreign direct investment reduce international competitiveness of clubs, whereas restrictions on international migration policies have no significant impact on it. Domestic inequality across clubs increases with restrictions on minimum number of home-grown players, while it goes down with restrictions on foreign direct investment or restrictions on maximum number of foreign players. The results are robust to the consideration of other domestic regulations, market value of clubs or number of matches played.
    Keywords: Protectionism, Soccer Success, Competitiveness, Migration, Cross-Country
    JEL: F21 F22 Z28
    Date: 2022–05
  7. By: Michele Aleandri; Marco Dall'Aglio
    Abstract: We analyze two independent efforts to extend the notion of criticality in simple games that measure the influence of a player in conjunction with others: the notion of rank of d-criticality given by Beisbart (2010) and the order of criticality in Dall'Aglio et al. (2016) and Aleandri et al. (2021). The aim is to get elements from both works and define measures of group criticality that take the best of both approaches.
    Date: 2022–07

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