nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2022‒06‒13
six papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. The relationship between financial and sporting performance of professional football clubs: empirical evidence from brazilian football By Thomas Cristofaro Warrener; Carlos Eduardo da Gama Torres; Igor Viveiros Melo Souza
  2. In Brief... How Pelé changed Brazilian football By Bernardo Guimaraes; Joao Paulo Pessoa; Vladimir Ponczek
  3. Football, alcohol and domestic abuse By Ria Ivandic; Tom Kirchmaier; Neus Torres-Blas
  5. Gender Bias in Perceived Quality. An Experiment with Elite Soccer Performance By Carlos Gomez-Gonzalez; Helmut Dietl; David Berri; Cornel Nesseler
  6. The Importance of the Serve in Winning Points in Tennis: A Bayesian Analysis Using Data for the Two winners of the 2019 French Open Singles By Borooah, Vani

  1. By: Thomas Cristofaro Warrener (PPEA/UFOP); Carlos Eduardo da Gama Torres (PPEA/UFOP); Igor Viveiros Melo Souza (Cedeplar/UFMG)
    Abstract: The aim of this research is to investigate the relationship between sports and financial performance of Brazilian football clubs. Using data extracted from the Itaú-BBA reports (2015, 2016, 2018 and 2020), and from the Brazilian Football Association team performance rankings it was possible to calculate financial and sporting performances of twenty-six Brazilian football clubs for the period between 2013 to 2019. The results presented in this paper indicate that sports performance has a positive effect on the financial results of Brazilian football clubs, and that the financial result exerts a positive influence on sports performance.
    Keywords: Sports economics, football industry, sports performance, financial performance, simultaneous equations modelling
    JEL: G32 L21 L25 L83 Z23
    Date: 2022–05
  2. By: Bernardo Guimaraes; Joao Paulo Pessoa; Vladimir Ponczek
    Abstract: A ban on non-compete agreements in Brazilian football led to an increased lifetime income for players. But as research by Bernardo Guimaraes, João Paulo Pessoa and Vladimir Ponczek reveals, it was older players who gained the most, whereas the wages of young players fell.
    Keywords: labor mobility, labor frictions, wage profile, labor turnover, labour, turnover, frictions
    Date: 2022–02–22
  3. By: Ria Ivandic; Tom Kirchmaier; Neus Torres-Blas
    Abstract: Reports of domestic abuse rise after football matches. Ria Ivandic, Tom Kirchmaier and Neus Torres-Blas find that binge drinking is the key factor - with alcohol-linked violence against live-in partners happening more often on match days.
    Keywords: Wellbeing, Crime, domestic violence, football, alcohol
    Date: 2022–02–22
  4. By: Pierre-Yves Janssoone; Antoine Feuillet (Université de Lille, CIAMS - Complexité, Innovation, Activités Motrices et Sportives - UO - Université d'Orléans - Université Paris-Saclay); Mathieu Jéöl (URePSSS - Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Sport, Santé, Société (URePSSS) - ULR 7369 - ULR 4488 - UA - Université d'Artois - Université de Lille - ULCO - Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale); Mickael Terrien (idheap - Institut de hautes études en administration publique - UNIL - Université de Lausanne)
    Abstract: The French Handball Federation has put at the heart of its strategic project the will to see its clubs diversify their financial resources and multiply the practice offers (health, leisure...) to remain attractive in a changing sport context. In order to accompany this process, this research focuses on the economic models of handball clubs in order to categorize them and identify development levers. Different statistical methods were applied to achieve this. A principal component analysis and a K-means classification allow us to propose a double taxonomy of the clubs: their economic models and their level of professionalization. These methods were applied to the clubs of the Comité Nord (59 clubs), which were contacted by sending a questionnaire. The reading grid created allows to characterize the current situation of the French handball clubs and to identify different opportunities and threats for each of the identified categories.
    Abstract: La fédération française de handball a mis au cœur de son projet stratégique la volonté de voir ses clubs diversifier leurs ressources financières et multiplier les offres de pratique (santé, loisir…) pour rester attractif dans un contexte sportif en mutation. Afin d'accompagner ce processus, cette recherche s'intéresse aux modèles économiques des clubs de handball dans l'objectif de les catégoriser et d'identifier des leviers de développement. Différentes méthodes statistiques ont été appliquées pour y parvenir. Une analyse en composantes principales (ACP) et une classification K-means permettent de proposer une double taxonomie des clubs : de leurs modèles économiques et de leur niveau de professionnalisation. Ces méthodes sont appliquées aux clubs du Comité Nord (59 clubs) qui ont été sollicités par l'envoi d'un questionnaire. La grille de lecture créée permet de caractériser la situation actuelle des clubs de handball français et d'identifier différentes opportunités et menaces pour chacune des catégories identifiées.
    Date: 2022
  5. By: Carlos Gomez-Gonzalez (Department of Business Administration, University of Zurich); Helmut Dietl (Department of Business Administration, University of Zurich); David Berri (Southern Utah University, Cedar City, UT, USA); Cornel Nesseler (Department of Business Administration, University of Zurich)
    Abstract: Whether one looks at revenue, investment, or coverage, men’s sports do better than women’s. Many assume that the differences are driven by absolute differences in quality of athletic performance. However, the existence of stereotypes should alert us to another possibility: What if perceived quality is filtered through gender stereotypes? We perform an experiment showing participants video clips of elite female and male soccer players. In the control group, participants evaluated normal videos where the gender of the players was clear to see. In the treatment group, participants evaluated the same videos but with gender obscured by blurring. We find that participants only rated men’s videos higher when they knew they were watching men. When they didn’t know who they were watching, ratings for female and male athletes did not differ significantly. The findings are consistent with the interpretation that gender bias plays a role in the evaluation of athletic performance. Implications for research and the sports industry are discussed.
    Keywords: experiment; evaluation; gender bias; fans; soccer; women’s sport
    JEL: D70 J16 C90
    Date: 2022–05
  6. By: Borooah, Vani
    Abstract: The Reverend Thomas Bayes, an 18th century Presbyterian minister, proved what, arguably, is the most important theorem in statistics. Its importance stems from its capacity to transform the answer to a question relating to the likelihood that if a point is won, it will have been preceded by a first service (the probability that if the theory is true, the data will be observed) to an answer to a more interesting and relevant question: if the first serve is good, what is the probability that the point will be won (the probability that if the data is observed, the theory will be true)? Empirical flesh is put on Bayes’ theorem by studying the performance of the winners of the men’s and women’s singles titles at the 2019 French Open: Rafael Nadal and Ashleigh Barty. Whatever the prior likelihood that they would win a point on their service game, this had to be revised upward for both players if the data showed that their first serve was ‘good’ and had to revised downward if the point required that they serve again. On the assumption that the prior probability was 60%, this then allows the analyst to deduce that the probability of winning a point on the first service was 65.9% for Barty and 73.8% for Nadal. Similarly, it could be deduced that the probability of winning a point on the second service was 34.1% for Barty and 26.2% for Nadal. The contribution of the paper lies in applying Bayes’ Theorem to show how, in service games in tennis, evidence can be turned into insight.
    Keywords: Bayesian Probability; Tennis; Service; Points
    JEL: C1 Z10
    Date: 2022

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