nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2022‒04‒04
three papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. The application and adaption of the organizational capacity framework on sports clubs to identify causes for organizational problems By Post, Carina
  2. The Art of Concession in General Lotto Games By Rahul Chandan; Keith Paarporn; Dan Kovenock; Mahnoosh Alizadeh; Jason R. Marden
  3. An empirical analysis of German casino locations By Haucap, Justus; Nedic, Radivoje; Şimşek, Talha

  1. By: Post, Carina
    Abstract: Scientific reflections of sports clubs are confronted with the problem of finding an appropriate approach to reflect the diversity of sports-related organizations. The purpose of this study is to observe the performance of sports clubs by considering the problems that occur. In order to capture the organizations in a model, the organizational capacity framework is presented. Since previous scientific studies have not resulted in standardized variables, a specific selection of relevant aspects is required. The framework captures the interdependent influence of human, financial, process and infrastructural, network and relationship as well as planning and development resources within the organization. The potential usefulness of the application of the framework is tested on sports clubs in the Rhineland (n = 1,000). The results of the multiple regression show that the organizational capacity framework is suitable to be applied on sports clubs, but requires further research to obtain more meaningful statements. Regarding organizational problems, it is indicated that board members, sufficient finances, strategic planning, and availability and accessibility of facilities are most important to reduce problems. Practical implications are addressed to both sports clubs and umbrella organizations.
    Keywords: Organizational Capacity,Resources,Sports Clubs,Organizational Problems,Performance,Ressourcen,Sportvereine,Organisatorische Probleme
    Date: 2021
  2. By: Rahul Chandan (University of California, Santa Barbara); Keith Paarporn (University of California, Santa Barbara); Dan Kovenock (Economic Science Institute, Chapman University); Mahnoosh Alizadeh (University of California, Santa Barbara); Jason R. Marden (University of California, Santa Barbara)
    Abstract: Success in adversarial environments often requires investment into additional resources in order to improve one’s competitive position. But, can intentionally decreasing one’s own competitiveness ever provide strategic benefits in such settings? In this paper, we focus on characterizing the role of “concessions†as a component of strategic decision making. Specifically, we investigate whether a player can gain an advantage by either conceding budgetary resources or conceding valuable prizes to an opponent. While one might na¨ıvely assume that the player cannot, our work demonstrates that – perhaps surprisingly – concessions do offer strategic benefits when made correctly. In the context of General Lotto games, we first show that neither budgetary concessions nor value concessions can be advantageous to either player in a 1-vs.-1 scenario. However, in settings where two players compete against a common adversary, we find opportunities for one of the two players to improve her payoff by conceding a prize to the adversary. We provide a set of sufficient conditions under which such concessions exist.
    Keywords: General Lotto; Colonel Blotto; game; system security; defense; strategic pre-commitment; concession
    JEL: C72 D74 H56
    Date: 2021
  3. By: Haucap, Justus; Nedic, Radivoje; Şimşek, Talha
    Abstract: In this paper we provide an empirical analysis of German casino locations. Due to the "mercantilistic background" of casinos, we assume that casinos are more likely to be found at borders and tourist areas. Although the location decision has been made in the past, we use cross-sectional data at county level to analyze whether the current locations of casinos are consistent with current policy objectives. We discuss whether fiscal incentives and/or regulatory objectives to prevent harmful gambling are relevant for the locations of German casinos. For our empirical analysis we use location and tourism indicators which are both significant factors for the location of German casinos. We find that the likelihood of a casino location increases if a county is located on a state border. We conjecture this is due to the following reasons: On the one hand there is increased out-of state demand on borders and on the other hand negative externalities of a casino can be shared with neighbor states. This is inconsistent, however, with the objectives of the State Treaty, which is to provide legal gambling opportunities for the population within the state. For better implementation of the objectives, a more balanced distribution of casinos throughout the urbanized regions in Germany is recommended.
    Keywords: casinos locations,negative externalities,gambling regulation,stateborder effect,logit model,urbanization
    JEL: D72 L83 L88 H7
    Date: 2022

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