nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2021‒11‒15
three papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. Modeling Facebook users' behavior towards the use of pages related to healthy diet and sport activities By Nikolaos Misirlis; Marjon Elshof; Maro Vlachopoulou
  2. Using Games to Trigger Collective Changes in Natural Resource Management: Conceptual Foundations for Behavioral Change By Falk, Thomas; Zhang, Wei; Meinzen-Dick, Ruth; Bartels, Lara
  3. Clubs and Networks By Ding, S.; Dziubinski, M.; Goyal, S.

  1. By: Nikolaos Misirlis (HAN - Hogeschool van Arnhem en Nijmegen); Marjon Elshof (HAN - Hogeschool van Arnhem en Nijmegen); Maro Vlachopoulou (UoM - University of Macedonia [Thessaloniki])
    Abstract: Purpose: In this article we aim to model social media users' behavior in relation with the use of specified Facebook pages and groups, related to eHealth, specifically to healthy diet and sport activities. The study represents to the best of our knowledge the first region-focused on a specific geographical area research. Methods: The users' personality is measured through the well-known Big Five model and the behavior is predicted with the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Structural Equation Modeling is used in order to statistically control the associations among the diverse observed and latent variables. Results: The results suggest an extended theory of planned behavior in combination with personality traits, on eHealth field. Openness and Extraversion do not seem to have positive effect on Attitude. Users' attitude can be affected positively from Agreeableness and Subjective Norms, guiding to finally positive affection of users' actual behavior. Agreeableness cannot influence behavior, directly, nor through SN, since the hypothesis path A-SN is not verified, but it can through Attitude. Neuroticism was negatively correlated to PBC but this hypothesis was not, also, confirmed in the proposed model. Implications: While literature confirms all of our hypotheses, in our study only 8 in 12 are finally confirmed. The difference between the present model and literature findings can be located on the different cultural dimensions among the different studies. The present survey is focused on the Greek region with all the participants to be Greeks. This location-based limitation could be surpassed by conducting the same research on different geographical regions and then confront the outcomes.
    Keywords: Big Five Personality Model,Personality traits,Facebook,Theory of Planned Behavior
    Date: 2021
  2. By: Falk, Thomas; Zhang, Wei; Meinzen-Dick, Ruth; Bartels, Lara
    Keywords: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy, Research Methods/ Statistical Methods
    Date: 2021–08
  3. By: Ding, S.; Dziubinski, M.; Goyal, S.
    Abstract: A recurring theme in the study of society is the concentration of influence and power that is driven through unequal membership of groups and associations. In some instances these bodies constitute a small world while in others they are fragmented into distinct cliques. This paper presents a new model of clubs and networks to understand the sources of individual marginalization and the origins of different club networks. In our model, individuals seek to become members of clubs while clubs wish to have members. Club value is increasing in its size and in the strength of ties with other clubs. We show that a stable membership profile exhibits marginalization of individuals and that this is generally not welfare maximizing. Our second result shows that if returns from strength of ties are convex (concave) then stable memberships support fragmented networks with strong ties (small worlds held together by weak ties). We illustrate the value of these theoretical results through case studies of inter-locking directorates, boards of editors of journals, and defence and R&D alliances.
    Date: 2021–10–25

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