nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2021‒02‒01
two papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. Relative wages, payroll structure and performance in soccer. Evidence from Italian Serie A (2007-2019) By Carlo Bellavite Pellegrini; Raul Caruso; Marco Di Domizio
  2. Spreading of a safety culture in a community of amateur sports practitioners. The case of the French Free Flight Federation (FFVL) By Mathias Szpirglas

  1. By: Carlo Bellavite Pellegrini (Dipartimento di Politica Economica, DISCE, & Centro Studi Economia Applicata (CSEA), Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore); Raul Caruso (Dipartimento di Politica Economica, DISCE, & Centro Studi Economia Applicata (CSEA), Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore - Catholic University ‘Our Lady of Good Counsel’, Tirana, European Center of Peace Science, Integration and Cooperation (CESPIC)); Marco Di Domizio (Dipartimento di Scienze Politiche, Università di Teramo - Centro Studi Economia Applicata (CSEA), Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore)
    Abstract: This paper investigates the role of payroll and its distribution in determining the seasonal performances of Italian football teams playing in Serie A. The novelty of our investigation lies in the introduction of a new extent upon which to compute traditional measures of dispersion of payroll. We calculate the coefficient of variation on real wages, on corrected wages and on weighted wages, using players’ characteristics, so that the players’ own perceived differences are considered. This aids us in testing for the role of envy in determining the teams’ performances. We exploit a data set on Serie A from 2007 to 2019, exploring the wages of 1,509 players in different seasons, to produce 4,633 total observations. Since Serie A is an open league with seasonal relegations and promotions, we have unbalanced panel data derived from 220 observations of 35 teams over 11 seasons. We use the percentage of points achieved by teams and a measure associated to the position of the team (rank) at the end of the first round of each season as dependent variables, and then we employ panel data techniques to estimate fixed effect models. We find a statistically significant association of team performance with relative wages and with previous results, while the salary dispersion seems to have no effect on performances. Moreover, by restricting our sample to teams that have never been relegated, and so balancing the panel, our empirical investigation validates the cohesion theory, since more equally weighted wages are associated with better on-field performances.
    Keywords: relative wage, payroll distribution, sport performance, Italian Serie A
    JEL: Z20 Z22 Z21 L83 J49
    Date: 2021–01
  2. By: Mathias Szpirglas (IRG - Institut de Recherche en Gestion - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12)
    Abstract: This article deals about the spreading of a safety culture in the free flight community which is composed mostly of amateur practitioners by the Free Flight French Federation (FFVL). This intention was made necessary by the poor results in terms of accidentology that this community experiences each year, that jeopardize both the social acceptability of such leisure activity and the community itself by compromising its insurability. This leads to the following research question: how spreading an actual safety culture in a community of amateur sports practitioners. This article is based on a research-action conducted at the FFVL and proposes a theoretical framework that gives meaning to the risk management projects conducted by the federation, regarding the importance of diffusing a culture of safety.This framework provides both a mean to evaluate the actions lead by the federation and to describe how to foster the integration of individual and collective behaviour. It explains also how amateur practitioners can take over a risk management approach from an institution with which they haveonly tenuous links.
    Date: 2019–06–26

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