nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2020‒11‒30
two papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. Common International Trends in Football Stadium Attendance By Jan van Ours
  2. Gender differences in overconfidence and decision making in high-stakes competitions: evidence from freediving contests By Sonnabend, Hendrik; Lackner, Mario

  1. By: Jan van Ours (Erasmus University Rotterdam)
    Abstract: This paper examines long-term developments in stadium attendance in professional football in the Netherlands. As in many other European countries attendance had a U-shaped development with the lowest numbers in the mid-1980s. The developments in the Netherlands do not seem to have been affected by hooliganism but by socioeconomic factors and developments in recreation. Furthermore, the association with stadium attendance in the English Premier League is very high. This suggests that stadium attendance is affected not only by national developments but also by common international trends in the interest in football matches.
    Keywords: Professional football, stadium attendance, international spillovers
    JEL: C23 Z21 D12
    Date: 2020–11–17
  2. By: Sonnabend, Hendrik; Lackner, Mario
    Abstract: This study examines gender differences in overconfidence and decision-making in a high-stakes environment. Using data on more than 40,000 individual attempts from international freediving competitions, we provide evidence that women, on average, are less likely than men to overestimate their ability. This result is robust to different measures of overconfidence and can be partly explained by experience. There are no substantial gender differences on the intensive margin of overconfidence. In terms of performance, results suggest that women suffer more from overconfidence than men.
    Keywords: overconfidence,gender,decision-making,competition,freediving
    JEL: D81 J16 Z2
    Date: 2020

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