nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2020‒05‒11
four papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. Time To Go? Head Coach Quits and Dismissals in Professional Football By Alex Bryson; Babatunde Buraimo; Alex Farnell; Rob Simmons
  2. Demand for Public Events in the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case Study of European Football By J. James Reade; Carl Singleton
  3. The Impact of Birth Order on Behavior in Contact Team Sports: the Evidence of Rugby Teams in Argentina By Fernando Delbianco; Federico Fioravanti; Fernando Tohm\'e
  4. Who wins at the Chess Olympics? The role of resources and education capital By David Forrest; J.D Tena; Carlos Varela-Quintana

  1. By: Alex Bryson; Babatunde Buraimo; Alex Farnell; Rob Simmons
    Abstract: That football Head Coaches will be dismissed for poor performance and will quit when they have better outside options seems obvious. But owners may find it hard to distinguish poor performance from bad luck and may find it difficult to identify and attract talented Head Coaches from other clubs even if their current Head Coach is performing below expectations. Equally, Head Coaches may have few options to move to better clubs even when they are performing well. Using rich data on Head Coach characteristics we identify determinants of quits and dismissals across four professional football leagues over the period 2002-2015. We find that Head Coaches’ probabilities of dismissal are significantly lower when the team is performing above expectations, with the effect strongest for recent games. However, in contrast to earlier studies, we find that performing above expectations also reduces the probability of Head Coach quits. Head Coach success in the past, as well as Head Coach experience, reduce the probability of being dismissed, even when conditioning on team performance, suggesting Head Coach human capital has some ‘protective’ effect in managerial careers. Past experience has little effect on quit probabilities – with the exception of tenure at the current employer, which is associated with lower quit rates. We test the robustness of our results by confining estimates to first exits, within-season departures and by dealing with unobserved Head Coach heterogeneity.
    Keywords: quits, dismissals, managerial performance, team performance, football, competing risks
    JEL: J23 J24 J63 J64
    Date: 2020–04
  2. By: J. James Reade (Department of Economics, University of Reading); Carl Singleton (Department of Economics, University of Reading)
    Abstract: We use data from elite-level European football matches to suggest how people responded to the initial COVID-19 outbreak. Unsurprisingly, in Italy and France, stadium attendances were negatively affected by the previous day’s newly confirmed domestic cases or deaths. In Germany and England, there was no attendance response to the early stages of the domestic outbreaks. Spain poses a puzzle, as attendances appear to have increased substantially in response to the initial domestic cases related to the virus. In all five countries, there was no negative attendance response to the number of worldwide cases or deaths as the outbreak developed.
    Keywords: Demand for sport, Coronavirus, European Economy, Public Health
    JEL: I10 L83 Z20
    Date: 2020–04–27
  3. By: Fernando Delbianco; Federico Fioravanti; Fernando Tohm\'e
    Abstract: Several studies have shown that birth order and the sex of siblings may have an influence on individual behavioral traits. In particular, it has been found that second brothers (of older male siblings) tend to have more disciplinary problems. If this is the case, this should also be shown in contact sports. To assess this hypothesis we use a data set from the South Rugby Union (URS) from Bah\'ia Blanca, Argentina, and information obtained by surveying more than four hundred players of that league. We find a statistically significant positive relation between being a second-born male rugby player with an older male brother and the number of yellow cards received. \textbf{Keywords:} Birth Order; Behavior; Contact Sports; Rugby.
    Date: 2020–04
  4. By: David Forrest; J.D Tena; Carlos Varela-Quintana
    Abstract: The paper investigates national team success at the principal tournament of a prominent mind sport, chess. As in prior literature on physical sports, panel data estimation reveals population and per capita gdp as strong predictors. But when we add a measure of education capital, per capita income loses significance, suggesting that effects from income levels are mediated through schooling in the case of a cerebral game. However, when we estimated a similar model to account for medal wins at the Olympics, results were similar, implying that schooling levels are also relevant to success in physical sports.
    Keywords: education capital, economic resources, sports economics, chess, Olympics
    JEL: Z20 I26 C52
    Date: 2020–04

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