nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2019‒08‒12
two papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. Firm- specific human capital in different market conditions: evidence from the Japanese football league By Yamamura, Eiji; Ohtake, Fumio
  2. Estimated Costs of Injuries in College and High School Female Sports By Ray C. Fair; Christopher Champa

  1. By: Yamamura, Eiji; Ohtake, Fumio
    Abstract: This paper examined how meeting the team-specific human capital is important in a football player’s performance by comparing the top two league teams. From panel data of the Japan Professional Football League, we find that changing the team reduced a player’s performance and that the team’s performance improved as each player’s tenure in the team increased, the returns from team-specific skills over time increased and then decreased as the years passed, the benefit from moving to a new team depends on the timing of moving, and neither tenure in the team nor experience affects a professional football player’s performance.
    Keywords: Firm-specific human capital; Professional football; Player performance; Matching
    JEL: J49 J62
    Date: 2019–06–10
  2. By: Ray C. Fair (Cowles Foundation, Yale University); Christopher Champa (Yale University)
    Abstract: Injury rates in thirteen U.S. women’s college sports and four U.S. girls’ high school sports are examined in this paper. The sports are categorized as high injury (H) or low injury (L) and di?erences in injury rates between the two are examined. Estimates are presented of the injury savings that would result if the H sports were changed to have injury rates similar to those in the L sports. The estimated college savings are 13,610 fewer injuries per year and 2,020 fewer healthy years lost-to-injury per year. The estimated high school savings are 143,900 fewer injuries per year and 24,300 fewer healthy years lost-to-injury per year. For concussions the savings are 2,750 per year for college and 49,390 per year for high school. The estimated dollar value (in 2015 dollars) of the total injury savings is between $122 million and $505 million per year for college and between $1.3 billion and $4.9 billion per year for high school.
    Keywords: Sports injuries, Collegiate sports, High school sports
    JEL: I18 I20
    Date: 2019–07

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