nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2019‒06‒10
two papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. Conceptualizing triathlon sport event travelers’ behavior By Mason, Michela Cesarina; Moretti, Andrea; Raggiotto, Francesco; Paggiaro, Adriano
  2. Birthplace diversity and team performance By Brox, Enzo; Krieger, Tommy

  1. By: Mason, Michela Cesarina; Moretti, Andrea; Raggiotto, Francesco; Paggiaro, Adriano
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the relationships between self-congruity, functional congruity, satisfaction, sport event involvement and behavioral intentions of triathlon sport travellers. The moderating effect of different training experiences is assessed in allowing these relations. 885 data were collected among triathletes participating to international triathlon competitions. A theoretical model has been developed and tested using Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). The majority of hypotheses are empirically confirmed. Regarding the moderation hypothesis, a multi-group SEM has been estimated (considering high-intensity and low-intensity sport training as moderators). Some differences between the two groups are highlighted, remarking the need to develop differential marketing strategies in active sport tourism.
    Keywords: sport tourism; triathlon; self-congruity; functional congruity
    JEL: L83 M31
    Date: 2019–04–15
  2. By: Brox, Enzo; Krieger, Tommy
    Abstract: We present a simple model to illustrate how birthplace diversity may affect team performance. The model assumes that birthplace diversity increases the stock of available knowledge due to skill complementarities and decreases effciency due to communication barriers. The consequence of these two opposing effects is a humpshaped relationship between birthplace diversity and team performance. To verify this prediction, we exploit self-collected data on the first division of German male soccer. Our data set covers 7,028 matches and includes information about 3,266 players coming from 98 countries. We propose two different instrumental variable approaches to identify the effect of birthplace diversity on team performance. Our findings suggest that an intermediate level of birthplace diversity maximizes team performance.
    Keywords: birthplace diversity,firm performance,globalization,high-skilled migration,international migration,productivity,soccer,team composition,team performance
    JEL: F23 J01 J24 M14 M54
    Date: 2019

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