nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2019‒03‒25
two papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. Officials and Home Advantage By James Reade
  2. Girls' and Boys' Performance in Competitions: What We Can Learn from a Korean Quiz Show By Booth, Alison L.; Lee, Jungmin

  1. By: James Reade (Department of Economics, University of Reading)
    Abstract: Home advantage is the observed regularity that teams in sporting events win more often than their relative quality would suggest when playing at home. We review the literature and illustrate a number of the potential explanations using a novel and huge dataset of cricket matches. Explanations for the home advantage can be summarised into four headings: crowd, familiarity, travel and rules. Evidence increasingly points towards the role that officials play, yet other explanations cannot necessarily be ruled out.
    Keywords: home advantage, contests, sport
    JEL: C20 L83
    Date: 2018–03–10
  2. By: Booth, Alison L. (Australian National University); Lee, Jungmin (Seoul National University)
    Abstract: We compare the performance of high-ability adolescent girls and boys who participated in a a long-running Korean television quiz show. We find there is a gender gap in performance – in favour of boys – across episodes of the quiz show. To investigate underlying mechanisms that might explain this, we explore how male and female performance varies under different rules of the game. We find that there are no gender gaps when stress is kept to a minimum – that is, in games without fastest-finger buzzer, knock-outs or penalties. However, in games with these features, there are significant gender gaps. In addition, we examine performance in Round 2 of the shows, where we find larger gender gaps. These are consistent with girls being increasingly hindered by psychological stress and risk aversion as competition is higher. Finally, we use panel data to estimate performance in the games in which players stay in for 25 questions. Here we find that girls are less likely to respond faster especially when their winning probability is higher. Further, the gender gap is more salient at the end of the game. The results are also consistent with gendered behavioural responses to psychological pressure.
    Keywords: gender and competition, tournaments, psychological pressure, risk aversion
    JEL: J16 I21 D9 L83 M5
    Date: 2019–02

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