nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2019‒03‒11
two papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. Do male managers increase risk-taking of female teams? Evidence from the NCAA By René Böheim; Christoph Freudenthaler; Mario Lackner
  2. Girls' and Boys' Performance in Competitions: What We Can Learn from a Korean Quiz Show By Booth, Alison L; Lee, Jungmin

  1. By: René Böheim; Christoph Freudenthaler; Mario Lackner
    Abstract: We analyze the effect of the coach’s gender on risk-taking in women sports teams using data taken from National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) basketball games. We find that the coach’s gender has a sizable and significant effect on risk-taking, a finding that is robust to several empirical strategies, including an instrumental variable approach. In particular, we find that risk-taking among teams with a male head coach is 5 percentage points greater than that in teams with a female head coach. This gap is persistent over time and across intermediate game standings. The fact that risk-taking has a significantly positive effect on game success suggests that female coaches should be more risk-taking.
    Keywords: corporate risk-taking, gender difference, success
    JEL: J16 J44
    Date: 2019
  2. By: Booth, Alison L; Lee, Jungmin
    Abstract: We compare the performance of high-ability adolescent girls and boys who participated in a a long-running Korean television quiz show. We find there is a gender gap in performance -- in favour of boys -- across episodes of the quiz show. To investigate underlying mechanisms that might explain this, we explore how male and female performance varies under different rules of the game. We find that there are no gender gaps when stress is kept to a minimum -- that is, in games without fastest-finger buzzer, knock-outs or penalties. However, in games with these features, there are significant gender gaps. In addition, we examine performance in Round 2 of the shows, where we find larger gender gaps. These are consistent with girls being increasingly hindered by psychological stress and risk aversion as competition is higher. Finally, we use panel data to estimate performance in the games in which all players stay in for 25 questions. Here we find that girls are less likely to respond faster especially when their winning probability is higher. Further, the gender gap is more salient at the end of the game. The results are also consistent with gendered behavioural responses to psychological pressure.
    Keywords: gender and competition; psychological pressure; risk; tournaments
    JEL: D9 I21 J16 L83 M5
    Date: 2019–02

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