nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2019‒02‒18
three papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. Do male managers increase risk-taking of female teams? Evidence from the NCAA By René Böheim; Christoph Freudenthaler; Mario Lackner
  2. Use of extra-school time and child behaviours Evidence from the UK By Elena Claudia Meroni; Daniela Piazzalunga; Chiara Pronzato
  3. Physical Activity in U.S. Adults: Compliance with the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans By Jared M. Tucker; Gregory J. Welk; Nicholas K. Beyler

  1. By: René Böheim; Christoph Freudenthaler; Mario Lackner
    Abstract: We analyze the effect of the coach's gender on risk-taking in women sports teams using data taken from National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) basketball games. We find that the coach's gender has a sizable and significant effect on risk-taking, a finding that is robust to several empirical strategies, including an instrumental variable approach. In particular, we find that risk-taking among teams with a male head coach is 5 percentage points greater than that in teams with a female head coach. This gap is persistent over time and across intermediate game standings. The fact that risk-taking has a significantly positive effect on game success suggests that female coaches should be more risk-taking.
    Keywords: Corporate risk-taking, gender difference, success
    JEL: J16 J44
    Date: 2019–02
  2. By: Elena Claudia Meroni; Daniela Piazzalunga; Chiara Pronzato
    Abstract: In this paper, we study the effects of extra-school activities on children’s non-cognitive development, using data from the Millennium Cohort Study (UK) and focusing on children aged 7-11 years old. We classify the time spent out of school into six homogenous groups of activities, using principal component analysis, and estimate the relationship thereof with five behavioural dimensions drawn from the Strength and Difficulties questionnaire, exploiting the panel structure of the data. Results show the beneficial effects on children’s behaviour of sports, school-related activities, time with parents and household chores, while a small detrimental effect of video-screen time is detected. We test the robustness of our estimates against omitted variable bias, and the results are confirmed. We also observe that children from more advantaged backgrounds have easier access to more beneficial activities. Overall, our results suggest that different uses of time may reinforce inequalities across children from different backgrounds.
    Keywords: child time use, extra-curricular activities, Strengths and Difficulties questionnaire, longitudinal data, Millennium Cohort Study, non-cognitive development, omitted variable bias
    Date: 2018
  3. By: Jared M. Tucker; Gregory J. Welk; Nicholas K. Beyler
    Abstract: This study assesses self-reported and objectively measured physical activity among U.S. adults according to the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans.
    Keywords: Physical Activity , PAGA , accelerometer , health
    JEL: I

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