nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2018‒10‒22
two papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. eSports: profile of participants, complementarity with sports and its perception as sport. Evidence from sports video games By Jaume Garcia Villar; Carles Murillo
  2. Fair Competition Design By Ritxar Arlegi; Institute for Advanced Research in Business and Economics (INARBE); Dinko Dimitrov

  1. By: Jaume Garcia Villar; Carles Murillo
    Abstract: Research question: This study investigates three issues associated to the growing industry of eSports: the picture of participants in eSports and the correlates of the intensity of this participation; the complementary/substitutability relationship between eSports and traditional sports; and the perception of eSports as sport by the population. Research methods: Discrete choice, two-part and regression models are estimated using a sample of 11,018 individuals from the Survey on Sports Habits in Spain 2015. Results and Findings: The association of the correlates follows different patterns depending on whether considering participation or the intensity of this participation in eSports and also in terms of gender. Using different approaches, a significant degree of complementarity between participation and interest in eSports and traditional sports is estimated. For young people interested in eSports seems to an element influencing the overall interest in sports. Implications: Taking into account the different association of the correlates with the participation and the intensity of participation in eSports, this information could be used by firms in order to define marketing and brand investment strategies. The estimated complementarity between eSports and traditional sports should influence how the actual stakeholders in traditional sports define future strategies to favour the growth of both industries. The fact that eSports is increasingly perceived as a sport should have an influence, among others, in the collection of data on sports habits, in the way these activities are regulated and in the organization of multi-sport events, like the Olympic Games.
    Keywords: eSports, discrete choice models, two-part model, complementarity, perception as sport.
    JEL: C25 L83
    Date: 2018–10
  2. By: Ritxar Arlegi (Departamento de Economía-UPNA); Institute for Advanced Research in Business and Economics (INARBE); Dinko Dimitrov
    Abstract: We study the impact of two basic principles of fairness on the structure of competition systems and perform our analysis by focus-ing on sports competitions. The first principle states that equally strong players should have the same chances of being final winner, while the second principle requires that the competition system should not favor weaker players. We apply these requirements to a class of competitions which includes, but is not limited to, the sport tournament systems that are most commonly used in practice, such as round-robin tournaments and di fferent kinds of knockout competitions, and we characterize the structures satisfying these requirements. In our results, a new competition structure that we call an antler is found to play a referential role. Finally, we show that the class of fair competition systems becomes rather small when both fairness principles are jointly applied.
    Keywords: equal treatment, monotonicity, seeding, sport competition
    JEL: D00 D02 D60 D63 D70
    Date: 2018

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