nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2018‒10‒01
two papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. Choking under pressure - Evidence of the causal effect of audience size on performance By René Böheim; Dominik Grübl; Mario Lackner
  2. Player Dismissal and Full Time Results in the UEFA Champions League and Europa League By De Meyere, Arne; Vanruymbeke, Ward; Baert, Stijn

  1. By: René Böheim (Department of Economics, Vienna University of Economics and Business); Dominik Grübl (Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz (JKU)); Mario Lackner (Christian Doppler Laboratory "Aging, Health, and the Labor Market")
    Abstract: We analyze performance under pressure and estimate the causal effect of audience size on the success of free throws in top-level professional basketball. We use data from the National Basketball Association (NBA) for the seasons 2007/08 through 2015/16. We exploit the exogenous variation in weather conditions on game day to establish a causal link between attendance size and performance. Our results confirm a sizeable and strong negative effect of the number of spectators on performance. Home teams in (non-critical) situations at the beginning of games perform worse when the audience is larger. This result is consistent with the theory of a home choke rather than a home field advantage. Our results have potentially large implications for general questions of workplace design and help to further understand how the social environment affects performance. We demonstrate that the amount of support, i.e. positive feedback, from a friendly audience does affect performance.
    Keywords: performance under pressure, choking, social pressure
    JEL: D03 J24 M54
    Date: 2018–09
  2. By: De Meyere, Arne (Ghent University); Vanruymbeke, Ward (Ghent University); Baert, Stijn (Ghent University)
    Abstract: This study is the first to estimate the effects of the sending-off of a player on the full time results in international club soccer. To this end, we analyse data of more than 2,000 recent games in the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League. We find that when home teams receive a red card, it harms their goal scoring and victory probabilities. By contrast, a red card for away teams can have a positive, negative, or neutral effect for them, depending on the timing of the player dismissal.
    Keywords: soccer, red card, player dismissal, performance, fixed effects regressions
    JEL: L83 J44 Z00
    Date: 2018–08

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