nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2018‒09‒10
four papers chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  2. Convergence vs. the middle income trap: The case of global soccer By Melanie Krause; Stefan Szymanski
  3. The Impact of Age on Nationality Bias: Evidence from Ski Jumping By Sandra Schneemann; Hendrik Scholten; Christian Deutscher
  4. Correcting for bias in hot hand analysis: Analyzing performance streaks in youth golf By Cotton, Christopher; McIntyre, Frank; Price, Joseph

  1. By: Noppamash Suvachart (Khon Kaen University)
    Abstract: The purpose of this research was to investigate perceptions of people who live around The Rajamangala National Stadium regarding sporting events impact on the community. The Rajamangala National Stadium is the national stadium of Thailand and the home stadium for the Thailand national football team. It is part of the HuaMak Sports Complex, locate in HuaMak Subdistrict, BangKapi, Bangkok. Host population perceptions were measured through a two-page self-completed questionnaire written in Thai, administered to a sample of 400 residents of the district of Bangkapi (population 67,931 members) in Bangkok, Thailand. Resident questionnaires were distributed within 2 months, August ? October 2017. The questionnaire comprised 27 questions. The first part aimed to identify awareness of event being staged. The second part contained 2 Open ended questions designed to find out how sporting event effect community, positive and negative impacts, with 8 items measure of residents? perceptions of impact. These items related to personal quality of life, quality of life of community, sense of community and community pride. The final part included questions relate to involvement characteristics of respondents; attend sporting events in year 2017 or previous years, level of interest in event, type of involvement in event by respondent or household member, distance from house, and socio-demographic data. Once collected, all data were entered into SPSS version 15.0 for further analysis. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the subjects and the perceived impacts of sporting events. Because of qualitative approach, the findings were described the central position of a frequency distribution for a group of data by mode. Mode is the number that occurs most often in a set of numbers. The results presented by descriptive with percentage in the form of tables, and text. We found both positive and negative impacts of sporting events performance on the community. The findings were identified as seven main positive impacts and six main negative impacts. These impacts related to economic, social and environmental of the community. The directions for future sporting events research on environmental studies: impact and evaluation studies including sustainability and greening of sporting events such as reducing garbage. More research on consequences of sporting events effect local culture community.
    Keywords: Sporting event, Business, Social responsibility, Economic, Environmental
    JEL: M16
    Date: 2018–07
  2. By: Melanie Krause (Hamburg University, Germany); Stefan Szymanski (University of Michigan, USA)
    Abstract: Unconditional convergence across countries worldwide is typically rejected in terms of GDP per capita. But when focusing on a specific internationally competitive industry, such as manufacturing, rather than the overall economy, unconditional convergence has been found to hold. As the epitome of competition and globalization, this paper uses the performance of national soccer teams as a further test case. We rely on data of more than 25,000 games between 1950 and 2014 and find clear evidence of unconditional $\beta$- and $\sigma$-convergence in national team performance, as measured either by win percentages or goal difference. We argue that transfer of technologies, skills and best practices fosters this catch-up process. But there are limits: we show that good teams from Africa and Asia are failing to close the gap with top European or South American teams for reasons that are analogous to the "middle income trap". Lessons for other sectors include the virtues of internationally transferable human capital as well as the mixed blessings of regional integration for worldwide convergence.
    Keywords: unconditional convergence, global competition, soccer, middle income trap.
    JEL: O47 L83 F20
    Date: 2017–12
  3. By: Sandra Schneemann; Hendrik Scholten; Christian Deutscher
    Abstract: This empirical research explores the impact of age on nationality bias. World Cup competition data suggest that judges of professional ski jumping competitions prefer jumpers of their own nationality and exhibit this preference by rewarding them with better marks. Furthermore, the current study reveals that this nationality bias is diminished among younger judges, in accordance with the reported lower levels of national discrimination among younger generations. Globalisation and its effect in reducing class-based thinking may explain this reduced bias in judgment of others.
    Date: 2018–08
  4. By: Cotton, Christopher; McIntyre, Frank; Price, Joseph
    Abstract: This paper illustrates the problems that arise with traditional tests for the hot hand and proposes instead using a consistent dynamic panel data estimator, which corrects for these problems and is easy to implement. Applying this estimator to a large dataset of amateur, youth golfers, we find no evidence of either hot or cold hand effects. When we restrict attention to the most-amateur of the golfers in our data, we do see weak evidence of a small hot hand. Thus casual athletes may experience small hot hands, but the effect does not persist among more serious athletes. This may give insight into why the belief in the hot hand in professional sports exists, even when the evidence suggests otherwise.
    Keywords: Financial Economics
    Date: 2016–09

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