nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2018‒07‒30
one paper chosen by
Humberto Barreto
DePauw University

  1. Use of Extra-School Time and Child Behaviours: Evidence from the UK By Meroni, Elena Claudia; Piazzalunga, Daniela; Pronzato, Chiara D.

  1. By: Meroni, Elena Claudia (European Commission, Joint Research Centre); Piazzalunga, Daniela (University of Verona); Pronzato, Chiara D. (University of Turin)
    Abstract: In this paper, we study the effects of extra-school activities on children's non-cognitive development, using data from the Millennium Cohort Study (UK) and focusing on children aged 7-11 years old. We classify the time spent out of school into six homogenous groups of activities, using principal component analysis, and estimate the relationship thereof with five behavioural dimensions drawn from the Strength and Difficulties questionnaire, exploiting the panel structure of the data. Results show the beneficial effects on children's behaviour of sports, school-related activities, time with parents and household chores, while a small detrimental effect of video-screen time is detected. We test the robustness of our estimates against omitted variable bias, and the results are confirmed. We also observe that children from more advantaged backgrounds have easier access to more beneficial activities. Overall, our results suggest that different uses of time may reinforce inequalities across children from different backgrounds.
    Keywords: child time use, extra-curricular activities, Strengths and Difficulties questionnaire, longitudinal data, Millennium Cohort Study, non-cognitive development, omitted variable bias
    JEL: J13 D1
    Date: 2018–06

This nep-spo issue is ©2018 by Humberto Barreto. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.