nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2017‒09‒10
two papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Statistical Modelling of Second Round Qualification at FIFA World Cup Tournaments By Afees A. Salisu; Ibrahim D. Raheem
  2. Towards a network model of innovation in sport – the case of product innovation in nautical sport clusters By Anna Gerke

  1. By: Afees A. Salisu (Centre for Econometric and Allied Research, University of Ibadan); Ibrahim D. Raheem (School of Economics, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK)
    Abstract: In this paper, we model the predictors of second round qualification at FIFA World Cup tournaments. We utilize data covering the last four tournaments namely 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014. We employ the methodology of Norton et al. (2004) to estimate the predictors. Also, we establish how the significance of these predictors differs across the participating continents. In addition, we determine the likelihood of single continent and continent pair dominance in the second round stage. We hope to revisit these findings as new rules unfold and notable changes that may alter the existing trend become evident.
    Keywords: FIFA, World cup, Second round qualification, Binary Choice Model (BCM)
    JEL: C35
    Date: 2017–08
  2. By: Anna Gerke (Audencia Recherche - Audencia Business School)
    Abstract: Sport and sport equipment are permanently subject to innovation. The current research on innovation sources in sport industries has focused on user innovation and firm-internal sources of innovation. This paper uses the network approach to analyze external links as sources of product innovation in nautical sport clusters. It addresses the question: how can sport organizations effectively use interorganizational links for innovation? An empirical study identifies and compares innovation practices in the Auckland sailing cluster in New Zealand with the Victorian surfing cluster in Australia. In total 52 firms, non-profit-organizations, and governing bodies were interviewed. In spite of much existing research focusing on internal firm resources and end users as sources of innovation in the sport sector, interorganizational linkages provide rich sources of innovation for organizations located in clustered sport industries. This research identifies 11 practices that can be imitated by other organizations located in sport clusters or similar settings. Eight practices occur in both clusters while three only occur in one of both. This paper contributes to knowledge on mechanisms for information and knowledge transfer that leverage innovation via interorganizational linkages.
    Keywords: interorganizational links, product innovation, sport clusters, networks, sailing, surfing
    Date: 2017–06–15

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