nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2017‒09‒03
four papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Estimated Costs of Contact in Men's Collegiate Sports By Ray C. Fair; Christopher Champa
  2. Corruption in the Bidding, Construction, and Organization of Mega-Events: An Analysis of the Olympics and World Cup By Victor Matheson; Daniel Schwab; Patrick Koval
  3. Governance in Sports Organizations By Wolfgang Maennig
  4. One Team, One Nation: Football, Ethnic Identity, and Conflict in Africa By Depetris-Chauvín, Emilio; Durante, Ruben

  1. By: Ray C. Fair (Cowles Foundation, Yale University); Christopher Champa (Yale University)
    Abstract: Injury rates in twelve U.S. men’s collegiate sports are examined in this paper. The twelve sports ranked by overall injury rate are wrestling, football, ice hockey, soccer, basketball, lacrosse, tennis, baseball, indoor track, cross country, outdoor track, and swimming. The first six sports will be called “contact” sports, and the next five will be called “non-contact.” Swimming is treated separately because it has many fewer injuries. Injury rates in the contact sports are considerably higher than they are in the non-contact sports and they are on average more severe. Estimates are presented of the injury savings that would result if the contact sports were changed to have injury rates similar to the rates in the non-contact sports. The estimated savings are 49,600 fewer injuries per year and 5,990 fewer injury years per year. The estimated dollar value of these savings is between about 0.5 and 1.5 billion per year. About half of this is from football. Section 7 speculates on how the contact sports might be changed to have their injury rates be similar to those in the non-contact sports.
    Keywords: Sports injuries, Collegiate sports
    JEL: I18 I20
    Date: 2017–08
  2. By: Victor Matheson (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross); Daniel Schwab (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross); Patrick Koval (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross)
    Abstract: In the processes required to host a sports mega-event, corruption has been prevalent on numerous occasions, leading to unnecessary costs becoming the ultimate responsibility of a host government’s taxpayers. Little progress has been made in the prevention of such behavior. In this chapter, we examine the history of corruption in sports mega-events, namely the Olympics and World Cup, to identify parts of the bidding and preparation processes that are vulnerable to illicit behavior. We propose potential solutions to be implemented at various levels in order to prevent further corruption.
    Keywords: World Cup, Olynpics, sports, corruption, FIFA
    JEL: L83 F14
    Date: 2017–08
  3. By: Wolfgang Maennig (Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg)
    Date: 2017–08–23
  4. By: Depetris-Chauvín, Emilio; Durante, Ruben
    Abstract: Do collective experiences that prime sentiments of national unity reduce inter-ethnic tensions and conflict? We examine this question by looking at the impact of national football teams' victories in sub-Saharan Africa. Combining individual survey data with information on official matches played between 2000 and 2015, we find that individuals interviewed in the days after a victory of their country's national team are less likely to report a strong sense of ethnic identity and more likely to trust people of other ethnicities than those interviewed just before. The effect is sizable and robust and is not explained by generic euphoria or optimism. Crucially, national victories do not only affect attitudes but also reduce violence. Indeed, using plausibly exogenous variation from close qualifications to the Africa Cup of Nations, we find that countries that (barely) qualified experience significantly less conflict in the following six months than countries that (barely) did not. Our findings indicate that, even where ethnic tensions have deep historical roots, patriotic shocks can reduce inter-ethnic tensions and have a tangible impact on conflict.
    Keywords: Africa; Ethnic Conflict; Ethnic identity; Football; Nationalism; Trust
    Date: 2017–08

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