nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2017‒07‒23
two papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Network Memory, Cultural Distance and the Ebb and Flow of International Resources –Evidence from 20 years of Professional Player Transfers to Big-five European Soccer Leagues By Mukherjee Subhasree; Dhayanithy Deepak
  2. Experimental estimates of men's and women's willingness to compete: Does the gender of the partner matter? By SeEun Jung; Radu Vranceanu

  1. By: Mukherjee Subhasree (Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode); Dhayanithy Deepak (Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode)
    Abstract: Although the psychological and inter-personal dynamics of boundary spanners leading to ebb and flow of network exchanges as well as its deleterious effects on firm profitability has been established,little is known about how organizations could moderate this ebb and flow. We develop a network memory and international cultural distances based approach to solving this conundrum. We argue that organizations’ prior network properties of trust and status moderate ebb and flow of resources. This moderation fades when source and target organization's or target manager’s cultural distances are large. We find robust empirical support for our hypotheses and discuss implications for theory and practice.
    Keywords: Ebb and Flow, interorganizational networks, network memory, cultural distance, resources
    Date: 2017–05
  2. By: SeEun Jung (Department of Economics, Inha University); Radu Vranceanu (ESSEC Business School)
    Abstract: In a classical experiment, Niederle and Vesterlund (2007) used the dichotomous choice of individuals between a piece rate and a tournament payment scheme as an indication of their propensity to compete. This paper reports results from a two person interaction of a similar type to analyze whether the preference for competition is dependent on the gender of the partner. It introduces a Becker-DeGroot-Marschak mechanism to elicit individual willingness to compete (WTC), defined as the amount of money that makes an individual indifferent between the two compensation schemes. Even when controlling for risk aversion, past performance and over-confidence, the male WTC is e3.30 larger than the female WTC. The WTC instrument allows for a more precise analysis of the impact of the partner's gender on the taste for competition. WTC data confirm that in this experiment the partner's gender has not a significant impact on the propensity to compete.
    Keywords: Willingness to Compete, Gender, BDM mechanism
    JEL: C91 D03
    Date: 2017–07

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