nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2017‒05‒28
four papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Motivation, workout and performance - a model for amatorial sports By Mattera, Raffaele
  2. Do Tournaments with Superstars Encourage or Discourage Competition? By Babington, Michael; Goerg, Sebastian J.; Kitchens, Carl
  3. The Effect of Physical Activity on Student Performance in College: An Experimental Evaluation By Fricke, Hans; Lechner, Michael; Steinmayr, Andreas
  4. Jugendliche aus bildungsnahen Familien sind sportlich aktiver By Geis, Wido

  1. By: Mattera, Raffaele
    Abstract: The previous literature has not devoted enough space to “motivation for training” issues, especially for amateur sports. Generally, is possible imagine some factors which influence motivation for training in professional sports like an high remuneration, fame, etc. However is more difficult find these motivation factors it in the amatorial context, because an amatorial player already has not a substantial remuneration, has a job beyond sports, etc. The main result of this paper is that a large number of players in a team encourage each other to work hard during training session. All based on the assumption that more workout brings to better performance.
    Keywords: motivation for training, amatorial sports, work motivation, workout motivation, sport
    JEL: Z0
    Date: 2017–05–20
  2. By: Babington, Michael (Florida State University); Goerg, Sebastian J. (Florida State University); Kitchens, Carl (Florida State University)
    Abstract: To test and replicate the superstar effect reported by Brown (2011) we empirically study contests where a single entrant has an endogenously higher probability of winning. Unlike the previous literature, we test for the presence of the superstar effect in several different contexts. Ultimately, we collect and explore data from four sources: men's and women's professional golf, and men's and women's professional alpine skiing. Our baseline study of men's professional golf serves as a replication of Brown's (2011) study. Empirically, we find little robust evidence of the superstar effect in any of our datasets. In our replication exercise, we approximate the findings of Brown (2011), however, we cannot reject the null that the presence of a superstar has no impact on high ranked competitors. In our other settings, we cannot reject the null that superstars have no influence on the performances of highly ranked competitors.
    Keywords: superstar, tournaments, incentives
    JEL: C2 J3 M52 D03
    Date: 2017–05
  3. By: Fricke, Hans; Lechner, Michael; Steinmayr, Andreas
    Abstract: What is the role of physical activity in the process of human capital accumu-lation? Brain research provides growing evidence of the importance of physical activity for various aspects of cognitive functions. An increasingly sedentary lifestyle could thus be not only harmful to population health, but also disrupt human capital accumulation. This paper analyzes the effects of on-campus recreational sports and exercise on educational outcomes of university students. To identify causal effects, we randomize financial incentives to encourage students' participation in on-campus sports and exercise. The incentives increased participation frequency by 0.26 times per week (47%) and improved grades by 0.14 standard deviations. This effect is primarily driven by male students and students at higher quantiles of the grade distribution. Results from survey data suggest that students substitute off-campus with on-campus physical activities during the day but do not significantly increase the overall frequency. Our findings suggest that students spend more time on campus and are better able to integrate studying and exercising, which may enhance the effectiveness of studying and thus improve student performance.
    Keywords: Human Capital; physical activity; randomized experiment; sports; student achievement
    JEL: C93 I12 I18 I23 J24
    Date: 2017–05
  4. By: Geis, Wido
    Abstract: Fragt man junge Erwachsene, ob sie in ihrer Jugend Sport getrieben haben, bejahen das unabhängig vom Bildungshintergrund der Eltern rund drei Viertel. Betrachtet man hingegen, wie viel Zeit Jugendliche mit sportlichen Aktivitäten verbringen, zeigen sich deutlich niedrigere Werte bei Befragten aus bildungsferneren Elternhäusern.
    Date: 2017

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