nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2016‒11‒27
seven papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Do some teams consistently underperform against same opponents? - The curious case of the Croatian football league By Globan, Tomislav; Jägers, Ed
  2. Does the threat of suspension curb dangerous behavior in soccer? A case study from the Premier League By Jacek Rothert; Douglas N. VanDerwerken; Brice M. Nguelifack
  3. Extracurricular Sport and Risk Behaviour: Are They Related? By Daria K. Khodorenko; Vera V. Titkova
  4. The Effect Of Life Kinetik Trainings On Coordinative Abilities By Alper Tunga Peker; Halil Taskin
  6. May I have this dance? Dance participation and attendance in Denmark By Karol Jan Borowiecki; Catarina

  1. By: Globan, Tomislav; Jägers, Ed
    Abstract: Participation of Lokomotiva Zagreb in the same tier of competition as Dinamo Zagreb has caused controversy ever since the former club entered the top tier of Croatian football league (1.HNL) in 2009. Claims that the two clubs are too closely connected in their sporting and business ventures raised suspicion in the fairness and regularity of the competition. This paper aims to determine if there are any matchups in 1.HNL that are characterized by the consistent over- or underperformance by one club against the other over the long run. If so, the study aims to test how significant these deviations are. To answer this question, we analyze over 5000 matches and all matchups that had ever taken place in 1.HNL, from seasons 1992 to 2015/16. We compare the realized number of points won by the teams in each matchup with the number of points each team was expected to win against the same opponent. To construct the expected number of points, we use the ClubElo formula that utilizes the Elo ranking system to measure the relative strength of teams. The results of our analysis indicate that one matchup extremely deviates from the expected distribution of points between the teams, and that matchup is Lokomotiva - Dinamo.
    Keywords: Croatian football league; Elo ranking; ClubElo formula; football; sports economics; underperformance
    JEL: L83
    Date: 2016–11–20
  2. By: Jacek Rothert (United States Naval Academy); Douglas N. VanDerwerken (United States Naval Academy); Brice M. Nguelifack (United States Naval Academy)
    Abstract: Using data from the 2011-2012 season of the Premier League, we study empirically and theoretically the impact of soccer suspension rules on the behavior of players and referees. For players facing a potential 1-game suspension, being one versus two yellow cards away from the suspension limit results in an approximate 12% reduction in fouling, while for those facing a potential 2-game suspension, the reduction is approximately 23%. The probability such players receive a yellow card is also reduced. In addition, we find some evidence of slight referee bias for the home-team in the dispensing of penalty cards, but not in the calling of fouls. Finally, we develop a theoretical framework for investigating the effects of suspension rules on the number of fouls committed. Within this framework, we investigate how policy instruments such as referees’ propensity to give out yellow cards or their consistency in giving them out affect the impact of suspension rules.
    Date: 2016–09
  3. By: Daria K. Khodorenko (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Vera V. Titkova (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: This study focuses on the relationship between extracurricular activity (specifically, group and individual sports) and adolescent drinking behaviour. To examine how participation in sports is related to the frequency and intensity of alcohol consumption we use hierarchical regression analysis. Our sample consists of 2961 students from 29 vocational schools in St. Petersburg. We demonstrate that participation in individual and team sports increases the risk of teenagers being involved in drinking behaviour; however the frequency of regular alcohol consumption is not associated with participation in sports. Students’ gender, socio-economic status and cultural capital, as well as residence status (living with parents or in the dorm) were significantly associated with teenage drinking behaviour: females and students living in a dorm were at greater risk of being involved in drinking, while regular alcohol consumption was more prevalent among males and students with a higher socio-economic status
    Keywords: vocational schools, extracurricular education, risk behaviour, alcohol consumption, extracurricular sport activity, adolescent and youth.
    JEL: Z00
    Date: 2016
  4. By: Alper Tunga Peker (Agri Ibrahim Cecen University); Halil Taskin (Selcuk University Faculty of Sport Sciences)
    Abstract: This study was aimed to examine the effect of life kinetik trainings by 8 weeks on coordinative abilities. 24 volunteers have participated in the study. We have separated 12 subjects who (mean ± SD age, 11.75 ± 1.29 years; height, 141 ± 0.08 cm; weight, 34.66 ± 10.03 kg as control group, 12 subjects (mean ± SD age, 12.75 ± 1.36 years; height, 139 ± 0.07 cm; weight, 33.75 ± 7.40 kg as experiment group. Each group were performing summer football school trainings 3 days per a week. In addition to, The experiment group has been performed 45 minutes life kinetik training program 3 days per a week during 8 weeks by us. Rhythm, orientation, differentiation and balance skills have been determined as coordinative abilities and have been tested both pre and post life kinetik trainings by 8 weeks. When the experiment group’s pre test-post test results have been compared, There was a significantly decrease between pre test and post test results for balance pad error score, balance total error score, rhythm ability and orientation ability (p 0,05). When the control group’s pre test-post test results have been compared, There was no a significantly difference between pre test and post test results for balance flat floor error score, balance pad error score, balance total error score, rhythm ability, orientation ability and differentiation ability (p>0,05). In conclusion, it can be thought that life kinetik effects on balance, rhythm ve orientation of coordinative abilities. On the other hand, it can be thought that life kinetic doesn’t effect on differentiation of coordinative abilities.
    Keywords: Life kinetic, coordinative abilities, children, sports
  5. By: Muammer Canbaz (Selçuklu Anatolian School); Mehmet Acet (Dumlupınar University)
    Abstract: Objective: The objective of this research; In taekwondo branch in Turkey, in private and public clubs, also the provincial sports directorate, directorate of public education is to be determined and coaches who work burnout levels in private clubs.Methods: We used descriptive research model. The sample according to the TTF record, he has a visa for the year 2015, 319 Stage 1, 463 Stage 2, 197 Stage 3, 31 Stage 4, 31 Stage 4 and Stage 5 34 has a active Taekwondo coach in total of 1044. Maslach Burnout Inventory data collection (MBI) was used. Data for the study of the suitability of the Shapiro Wilk test was used for normal distribution. Compliance with the investigation of distributions received from Shapiro Wilk test was used. The comparison of groups which do not fit a normal distribution, the Mann-Whitney U test for conditions that group number two, Kruskal-Wallis H test for the group and on condition that it is used. The analysis has benefited from the implementation of IBM SPSS Statistics 21.0 program. Statistical significance: p 0.05). When coaches Burnout Inventory subscales distribution by marital status is analyzed, a significant difference was seen in all subgroups. Coach of the age groups with the burnout subscales emotional exhaustion and burnout scale with the level of income was a significant difference between personal accomplishment subscale (p
    Keywords: Taekwondo Coach, Burnout Level, Turkey
  6. By: Karol Jan Borowiecki (Department of Economics, Trinity College Dublin); Catarina (SITE-Stockholm School of Economics)
    Abstract: Dancing may be one of the most competitive professions available career-wise, but it is also associated with various positive externalities. Despite the importance of dancing, there is only limited understanding of the profiles of dancers and dance audiences. We fill the gap in the literature by exploiting survey data on cultural preferences and habits in Denmark for 2004. Our approach allows us to identify the socio-economic background of dancers as well as their involvement in other cultural activities. Among other factors, we note that dancers are more frequent attendees at dance performances, have typically lower income and tend to read more, play more video games and visit art exhibits more often. We are further able to disentangle the sample of dancers into various types of dances, allowing so interesting insights on the differences across dancers.
    Keywords: Dance; cultural preferences; welfare; competitiveness
    JEL: Z11 Z20 A12 I31
    Date: 2016–11
  7. By: Muammer Canbaz (Selçuklu Anatolian School, Konya, Turkey); Mehmet Acet (Dumlupınar University)
    Abstract: Objective: The objective of this research; taekwondo branch in Turkey is to determine the characteristics of creativity coach.Methods: We used descriptive research model. The sample records according to the TTF, which make for a visa in 2015, has established an active Taekwondo coach in 1044. Data collection "How Father to scale" is used. After the data evaluation of the normal distribution suitability of Mann-Whitney was used test and Kruskal-Wallis H test. In the implementation of analysis was used for IBM SPSS Statistics 21 0 program. P for statistical significance 0.05), significant differences were found according to age groups. The difference was originated from 51V to over -30 years old and younger between groups (p
    Keywords: Taekwondo; coaching, creativity

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